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49 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
acr/o
extremity; top
aden/o
gland
adren/o;adrenal/o
adrenal gland
andr/o
male;man
calc/o
calcium
crin/o
to secrete
estr/o
female
gluc/o;glyc/o
sugar
glycogen/o
glycogen
gonad/o
gonad
gynec/o
women
home/o
same
immun/o
immune;safe
insulin/o
insulin
kal/o
potassium
natr/o
sodium
pancreat/o
pancreas
parathyroid/o
parathyroid gland
pituitar/o
pituitary gland
thyr/o;thyroid/o
thyroid gland;shield
panhypopituitarism
no pituitary hormones resulting in dwarfism
polydispia
excessive thrist
homeostatis
a balanced state
acromegaly
enlargement of many skeletal structures
thyrotomy
to cut into the thyroid gland
hyperkalemia
excessive amounts of potassium in the blood
glucogenesis
production of sugar
endocrine
excretes hormones within the bloodstream
hypoglycemia
deficient amounts of sugar in the blood
hyperglycemia
excessive amounts f sugar in the blood
FSH
follicle stimulating hormone
The thyroid is located...
in the throat.
The adrenals are located...
on top of the kidneys.
The pineal gland is located...
deep in the brain.
The pancreas is located...
near the stomach.
Pituitary is pea size and located...
mid brain.
-ectomy
surgical removal; excision
-emia
blood condition
-megally
enlargement
-lysis
breakdown
-oid
resembling
somat/o
body
The central endocrine glands are...
hypothalamus & pituitary
The peripheral glands are...
thyroid, parathyroid, adrenals pineal & pancreas.
The hypothalamus secreates...
tropic hormones, which have an effect on the pituitary activity.
The anterior pituitary secreetes several hormones critical to life:
ACTH, GH, TSH, FSH, LH, PRL and MSH.
The Posterior pituitary stores & releases 2 hormones produced bt the hypothalamus
antidiuretic hormone & oxytocin
The Thyroid produces T3 & T4, which...
regulate metabolic rate & increase energy.
The adrenal medulla secretes
fight or fight hormones epinephrine