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33 Cards in this Set

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adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)


*tropic
secreted by: anterior pituitary
target: adrenal cortex
effect: stimulates the adrenal cortex to produce cortisol
aldosterone
secreted by: adrenal cortex
target: kidneys
effect: reabsorption of Na+ and H2O, also loss of K+ or H+
androgens
secreted by: adrenal cortex
target: gonads (ovaries/testes)
effect: dev. and maint. of primary & 2ndary sex characteristics.
antidiuretic hormone (ADH)
secreted by: posterior pituitary
target: kidney tubules
effect: increases H2O reabsorption
atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP)
secreted by: rt. atrium of heart
target: kidneys
effect: decrease Na+ concentration which decreases blood volume and pressure
calcitonin (CT)
secreted by: thyroid
target: bone & kidneys
effect: inhibits osteoclasts decreasing Ca2+ concentration which is excreted in the urine
cortisol
secreted by: adrenal cortex
target: most cells
effect: helps resist stress
**Hyperglycemic regulator- increases blood glucose levels
digestive hormones
secreted by: intestines
target: GI tract
effect: regulates GI tract
epinephrine (E)
(AKA adrenalin)
secreted by: adrenal medulla
target: most cells
effect: increases cardiac activity, BP, glycogen breakdown, and release of lipids from adipose
*emergency stress response
**Hyperglycemic regulator- increases blood glucose levels
erythropoietin (EPO)
secreted by: kidneys
target: bone marrow
effect: stimulates production of red blood cells which increases blood volume
estrogens
secreted by: ovaries, placenta
target: reproductive system
effect: oogenesis, follicle growth, structure growth, 2ndary sex characteristics
follicle stimulating hormone (FSH)


*tropic
secreted by: anterior pituitary
target: gonads (ovaries/testes)
effect: stimulates gamete production
glucagon
secreted by: pancreas
target: liver
effect: breakdown of glycogen into glucose from non-carbohydrates, releases glucose into the blood
**Hyperglycemic regulator- increases blood glucose levels
growth hormone (GH)
secreted by: anterior pituitary
target: most body cells
effect: stimulates body cells to increase in size and divide
**Hyperglycemic regulator- increases blood glucose levels
inhibin
secreted by: gonads (ovaries/testes)
target:
effect: inhibits gamete production, inhibits release of FSH
human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG)


*tropic
secreted by: placenta (baby's)
target: mom's body
effect: tells mom's body that it's there, continues pregnancy
***Pregnancy test hormone
insulin
secreted by: pancreas
target: most cells
effect:
***HYPOglycemic regulator- the only hormone that decreases blood glucose levels
luteinizing hormone (LH)



*tropic
secreted by: anterior pituitary
target: gonads (ovaries/testes)
effect: female- stimulates production of est. and prog. causing maturation of follicles and promoting ovulation
male- stimulates the interstitial cells of the testes to produce testosterone
melatonin
secreted by: pineal
target: most cells
effect: influences daily rythems, may inhibit reproductive function, may be an antioxident
norepinephrine (NE)
secreted by: adrenal medulla
target: most cells
effect: increases cardiac activity, BP, glycogen breakdown, and glucose levels by releasing lipids from adipose
**Hyperglycemic regulator- increases blood glucose levels
oxytocin (OT)



*positive feedback
secreted by: posterior pituitary
target: mammary and uterus
effect: causes uterine contractions,
RELEASE of milk in mammary glands
parathyroid hormone (PTH)
secreted by: parathyroid gland
target: bone and kidneys
effect: increases Ca2+ concentration in fluids by STIMULATING osteoclast activity and promoting absorption of Ca2+ and PO43- by the digestive tract
progesterone (PROG)
secreted by: ovaries, placenta
target: uterus, mammary glands
effect: regulates uterine cycle, accelerates movement of the egg, prepares uterus, prepares mammary glands
prolactic (PRL)
secreted by: anterior pituitary
target: mammary glands
effect: stimulates the PRODUCTION of milk
relaxin
secreted by: placenta
target: uterus
effect: permits pelvic expansion, suppresses release of oxytocin from hypothalmus, causes cervical dilation
testosterone
secreted by: testes
target: reproductive system
effect: stimulates spermatogenesis, muscle growth, development of 2ndary sex characteristics
thymosins
secreted by: thymus
target: body cells
effect: immune defense by stimulating the development of T-lymphocytes
thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH)


*tropic
secreted by: anterior pituitary
target: thyroid
effect: stimulates secretion of T3 and T4
thyroxine (T4)
secreted by: thyroid
target: body cells
effect: increases basal metabolic rate and heat production
triiodothyronine (T3)
secreted by: thyroid
target: body cells
effect: increases basal metabolic rate and heat production
What are the 6 hyperglycemic hormones and their secreting glands?
(T4)thyroxine- thyroid

(GH)growth hor.- ant.pituitary

glucagon- pancreas

cortisol- adrenal cortex

(E)epinephrine-adrenal medulla

(NE)norepinephrine-adrenal medulla
to remember the pituitary hormones....
[anterior]God Protects All The Little Fishes
[posterior] And Others
GH,PRL,ACTH,TSH,LH,FSH,ADH,OT
What are the hormones involved in the emergency stress response and what secretes them?
(E)epinephrine
(NE)norepinephrine
secreted by the adrenal medulla