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18 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Health Promotion
Endocrine System
Endocrine Glands are interrelated and interdependant
Function = Homeostasis
-Reproduction
-Growth & development
-Regulate Energy
-Internal Homeostasis
-Coordinate response to environment and stress
Neuroendocrine system
*ANS and endocrine interrelated
*Hypothalamus and Pituitary Gland integrate communication between neuro and endocrine
Pineal
Sex maturation
Pituitary = (anterior & posterior)
Master Gland
Parathyroid
Promotes bone resorption
Thyroid
Metabolic rate/Growth & Development
Thymus
Antibody immune system
Adrenal Cortex & Medulla
Glucocorticoids, mineralcorticoids, sex hormones
Pancreas
Related to diabetes
Gonads
Sex hormones and glands
Hormones
-Control a number of physiologic activities
-Majority bound to plasma for transport
-Specificity is determined by receptors
-Rich in blood supply (enter bloodstream rapidly)
Hormone Regulation
-Negative feedback-(Calcium and parathyroid hormone)
-Positive feedback - high levels stimulate synthesis & secretion (LH hormone)
-Complex feedback (TSH)
-Initiated by CNS & implemented by ANS
-Rhythms (Circadian,menstrual)
Negative Feedback
Parathyroid
-Calcium & PTH
-Decrease Calcium, increase PTH
-Increase Ca absorption (intestine) Increase Ca resorption (bone)
-Decrease Ca excretion (kidneys) Increase Ca reabsorption (kidneys)
Master Gland
The anterior pituitary gland is the master gland
Manifestations of hormone dysfunction
*Assessment is difficult due to affect on every body system, nonspecific
-Weight loss or appetite changes
-Fatigue
-Depression
-Sleep disturbances
Endocrine focus
*Pancreas
*Thyroid Gland
*Parathyroid Glands
*Adrenal Glands
Commonalities
*Nutritional considerations
*Medication compliance
*Lab values
*Aging considerations (as age increases, hormone production decreases (decreased response of target organs)
Nursing Diagnosis
*Imbalanced Nutrition
*Activity Intolerance
*Anxiety
*Disturbed self concept
*Risk for ineffective management of therapeutic regimen
**Look at Lewis's care plans, they are very well prioritized**