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56 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
The endocrine system is made of glands that produce chemical messengers called
Hormones
What do hormones do?
Help regulate certain body activities
Turn on, off or speed up, down activities of organs and tissues
What gives off their chemicals through ducts into organs
Exocrine glands
What kind of glands are those that produce tears, sweat, oil, saliva
Exocrine
How are hormones delivered though the body
Through the blood stream of the circulatory system
How many endocrine glands are there
8
What are the 8 endocrine glands
Hypothalamus
Pituitary
Thymus
Thyroid
Adrenals
Pancreas
Ovaries and Testes
How is the level of hormones automatically controlled
Negative feedback system
What is an example of the negative feedback system where one hormone level controls another to keep internal environment stable
Pituitary and thyroid
Where is the hypothalamus located
Base of brain
What gland is the major link between the nervous system and the endocrine system
Hypothalamus
Where is the pituitary gland located
Center of skull behind nose
What gland controls blood pressure, growth, metabolism, sexual development, reproduction
Pituitary
What gland is responsible for the development of the immune system
Thymus
What gland increases the rate of metabolism
Thyroid
Where is the thyroid gland located
Neck
What glands control the level of calcium in the blood
Parathyroids
How many parathyroid glands are embedded in the thyroid
4
What glands increases heart rate, elevates blood pressure, raises blood sugar and increases breathing rate
Adrenal
What do the adrenal glands produce
Adrenaline
Where are the adrenal glands located
Above the kidneys
What gland keeps the level of sugar in the blood under control
Pancreas
What the the pancreas produce
Insulin
What changes excess sugar into glycogen so that it can be stored until needed
Insulin
What happens if you don't have enough insulin
Diabetes mellitus
What increases the level of sugar in the blood by speeding up the conversion of glycogen to sugar in the liver
Glucagon
What 2 things are needed to keep the blood sugar level normal
Insulin and glucagon
Where is the pancreas located
In abdomen near stomach and small intestine
What are the female reproductive glands
Ovaries
What are the male reproductive glands
Testes
Keeps blood sugar level normal
Pancreas
Produces body's "fight or flight" response
Adrenals
Produces the hormones insulin and glucagon
Pancreas
Releases a hormone to control calcium level
Parathyroids
Produces hormone that helps turn on and off other endocrine glands
Hypothalamus
Responsible for immune system
Thymus
Controls blood pressure, growth, metabolism, sexual development, reproduction
Pituitary
Controls how quickly food is burned up
Thyroid
The body's network of chemical control
Endocrine system
Chemicals secreted by endocrine system
Hormones
Pumps chemicals into nearby organs
Exocrine glands
Controls body temperature, appetite, sleep
Hypothalamus
Produces HGH - human growth hormone
Pituitary
H-shaped gland that produces calcitonin and thyroxine
Thyroid
Hormone that helps control metabolism
Thyroxine
4 small glands found on or in the thyroid
Parathyroids
Hormone that controls level of calcium in blood and maintains balance of phosphorus
Parathyroid hormone
Glands located on top of kidneys
Adrenals
Gland that has both endocrine and exocrine function
Pancreas
Hormone that lowers sugar in blood
Insulin
Hormone that raises sugar in blood
Glucagon
A giant has a problem with what hormone
HGH - human growth hormone
Diabetics get a shot of what every day to keep their blood sugar normal
Insulin
Someone with stunted growth who is very short has a problem with what hormone
Pituitary
Someone who can lift a car off a trapped child is using strength from what hormone?
Adrenaline
When diabetics get hungry and thirsty alot, what gland is not producing enough insulin?
Pancreas