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46 Cards in this Set

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Production of ADH, Oxytocin, and regulatory hormones
Hypothalamus
Production of ACTH, TSH, GH, PRL, FSH, LH AND MSH
Anterior Lobe: Pituitary Gland
Release of oxytocin and ADH
Posterior Lobe: Pituitary Gland
Thyroxine (T4)
Triodothyronine (T3)
Calcitonin (CT)
Thyroid Gland
Thymosins
Thymus
Undergoes atrophy during adulthood.
Epinephrine
Norepinephrine
Adrenal Medulla of the Adrenal Glands
Cortisol, Corticosterone, Adosterone, Anrogens
Adrenal Cortex of the Adrenal Glands
Melatonin
Pineal Gland
Parathyroid Hormone (PTH)
Parathyroid Gland
On posterior surface of thyroid glands.
Natrietic Peptides: ANP and BNP
Heart
Leptin
Resistin
Adipose Tissue
Insulin
Glucagon
Pacreatic Islets
Androgens
Inhibin
Gonads: Testes
Especially testosterone
Estrogen
Progestins
Inhibin
Gonads: Ovaries
amino acid derivatives
peptide hormones
lipid derivatives
Three Classes of Hormones
Based on Chemical Structure
Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone
(TSH)
PROTEIN
Targets: Thyroid Gland
Hormonal Effect: Secretion of thyroid hormones
Regulatory hormone: (TRH)Thyrotropin-releasing hormone
PITUITARY HORMONE
Anterior Lobe
Adrenocorticotropic hormone
(ACTH)
PROTEIN
Targets: Adrenal Cortex
Hormonal Effect: Secretion of glucocorticoids
Regulatory hormone: (CRH)Coricotropin-releasing hormone
PITUITARY HORMONE
Anterior Lobe
Follicle-Stimulating Hormone
(FSH)
PROTEIN
Targets: Follicle cells of ovaries; Sustentacular cells of testes
Hormonal Effect: Secretion of estrogen, follicle development, Stimulaiton of sperm matutation
Regulatory hormone: (GnRH)
Gonadotropin-releasing hormone
PITUITARY HORMONE
Anterior Lobe
1st sperm hormone
starts puberty
Luteinizing hormone
(LH)
PROTEIN
Targets: Follicle cells of ovaries. Intersitial cells of testes
Hormonal Effect: Ovulation formation of corpus luteum, secretion of progesterone. Secretion of testosterone
Regulatory hormone: GnRH
PITUITARY HORMONE
Anterior Lobe
Prolactin
(PRL)
PROTEIN
Targets: Mammary Glands
Hormonal Effect: Production of Milk
Regulatory hormone: (PFR)Prolactin-releasing factor
Prolactin-inhibiting hormone (PIH)
PITUITARY HORMONE
Anterior Lobe
Milk Production
Growth Hormone
(GH)
PROTEIN
Targets: All Cells
Hormonal Effect: Growth, protein synthesis, lipid mobilization and catabolism
Regulatory hormone: (GH-RH)
Growth hormone releasing hormone
(GH-IH)
Growth hormone inhibiting hormone
PITUITARY HORMONE
Anterior Lobe
Antidiuretic Hormone
(ADH)
PROTEIN
Targets: Kidneys
Hormonal Effect: Reabsorption of water, elevation of blood volume and pressure
Regulatory hormone: NONE
PITUITARY HORMONE
Posterior Lobe
Oxytocin
(OT)
PROTEIN
Targets: Smooth muscle, uteurs, mammary glands
Hormonal Effect: Labor contractions; milk ejection
Regulatory hormone: NONE
PITUITARY HORMONE
Posterior Lobe
Milk Ejector
Thyroxine (T4)
Triiodothyronine (T3)
PROTEIN
Targets: Most Cells
Hormonal Effects: Increase metabolism and growth
Regulatory Control: Stimulated by TSH from anterior lobe of the pituitary gland
THYROID GLAND
Behaves like a lipid--uses inracellular cells
Calcitonin (CT)
PROTEIN
Targets: Bone, Kidney
Hormonal Effects: Increase bone production; Decrease Ca+ concentration in body fluids
Regulatory Control: Stimulated by elevated blood Ca+ levels; actions opposed by PTH
THYROID GLAND
Antagonist--PTH
Bone Builder
Parathyroid hormone
(PTH)
PROTEIN
Targets: Bone Kidneys
Hormonal Effects: Decreases bone production; Increases Ca+ concentrations in body fluids
Regulatory Control: Stimulated by low blood Ca+ levels; PTH effects enhanced by calcitriol and opposed by calcitonin.
PARATHYROID GLANDS
Antagonist--CT
Bone Breaker
Melatonin
PROTEIN
Targets: CNS and Gonads
Hormonal Effects: Depresses the CNS controls day/night cycles; Inhibits reproduction in gonads
Regulatory Control: Light
PINEAL GLAND
Mineralocoticoids
(primarily aldosterone)
LIPID
Targets: Kidneys
Hormonal Effects: Increases renal absorpion of Na+ and water and accelerate urinary loss of K+ (increase blood Na+)
Regulatory Control: Stimulated by antiotenis II, elevated plama K+, or a fall in plasma NA+; inhibited by ANH and BNP
ADRENAL GLAND
CORTEX
Glucocorticoids
(cortisol, hydrocortisone, corticosterone)
LIPID
Targets: Most Cells
Hormonal Effects: Makes glucose. Releases amino acids from skeletal muscles and lipids from adipose tissues; promotes liver formation of glucose and glycogen; promote peripheral utilizaiton of lipids; anit-inflammatory effects
Regulatory Control: Stimulated by ACTH from anterior lobe of pituitary gland
ADRENAL GLAND
CORTEX
Androgens
LIPID
Targets: Not important in adult men; encourages bone growth, muscle growth and blood formation in children and women
Hormonal Effects: Stimulated by ACTH
Regulatory Control:
ADRENAL GLAND
CORTEX
Production of ADH, Oxytocin, and regulatory hormones
Hypothalamus
Production of ACTH, TSH, GH, PRL, FSH, LH AND MSH
Anterior Lobe: Pituitary Gland
Release of oxytocin and ADH
Posterior Lobe: Pituitary Gland
Thyroxine (T4)
Triodothyronine (T3)
Calcitonin (CT)
Thyroid Gland
Thymosins
Thymus
Undergoes atrophy during adulthood.
Epinephrine
Norepinephrine
Adrenal Medulla of the Adrenal Glands
Cortisol, Corticosterone, Adosterone, Anrogens
Adrenal Cortex of the Adrenal Glands
Melatonin
Pineal Gland
Parathyroid Hormone (PTH)
Parathyroid Gland
On posterior surface of thyroid glands.
Natrietic Peptides: ANP and BNP
Heart
Leptin
Resistin
Adipose Tissue
Insulin
Glucagon
Pacreatic Islets
Androgens
Inhibin
Gonads: Testes
Especially testosterone
Estrogen
Progestins
Inhibin
Gonads: Ovaries
amino acid derivatives
peptide hormones
lipid derivatives
Three Classes of Hormones
Based on Chemical Structure
Epinephrine (mostly released)
Norepinephrine
PROTEIN
Targets: Most cells
Hormonal Effects: Increases cardiac activity, blood pressure, glycogen breakdown, blood glucose levels; releases lipids by adipose tissue
Regulatory Control: Stimulated during sympathetic activation by sympathetic preganglionic fibers
ADRENAL GLAND
MEDULLA