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10 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The body’s second great controlling system which influences metabolic activities of cells by means of hormones
Endocrine system
What are the pituitary, thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal, pineal, and thymus glands
Endocrine glands
What produces both hormones and exocrine products
The pancreas and gonads
What has both neural functions and releases hormones
The hypothalamus
What are some other tissues and organs that produce hormones
adipose cells, pockets of cells in the walls of the small intestine, stomach, kidneys, and heart
What does this describe:
Chemical substances secreted by cells into the extracellular fluids
• Regulate the metabolic function of other cells
• Have lag times ranging from seconds to hours
• Tend to have prolonged effects
• Are classified as amino acid-based hormones, or steroids
What types of hormones belong to this class, including:
• Amines, thyroxine, peptide, and protein hormones
Amino acid–based
What types of hormones are gonadal and adrenocoritcal hormones
What types of hormones are leukotrienes and prostaglandins
Hormones alter cell activity by one of two mechanisms?
- Second messengers
- Direct gene activation involving steroid hormones