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48 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What hormones does the hypothalamus secrete and what is the target/effect?
h-releasing and inhibiting factors
t-anterior pituitary
e-modify activity
What are the six hormones of the aneterior pituitary?
1. hGH (human growth hormone)
2. prolactin
3. TSH (thyroid stimulating hormone)
4. ACTH (adrenocortotropic hormone)
5. LH(lutenizing hormone)
6. FSH (follicle-stimulating hormone)
What type of hormones are secreted by the anterior pituitary?
peptide hormones
What is the type of hormone, source, effect, Tropic?, and target of FSH (follicle stimulating hormone)
T-peptide
S-anterior pituiary
E- maturation of follicles in female, sperm production in males
Tropic-yes
T-ovaries/testies
What is the type of hormone, source, effect, Tropic?, and target of Lutenizing Hormone?
Type-peptide
S-anterior pituitary
E-stimulates ovulation (f)
stimulates testosterone production(m)
Tr-yes (gonadotropic)
T-ovaries/testis
What is the type of hormone, source, effect, Tropic?, and target of ACTH (adrenocoticotropic hormone)
Type-peptide
S-anterior pituitary
E-stimulates growth and secretory activity of adrenal cortex
Tr-yes
Target-adrenals
What is the type of hormone, source, effect, Tropic?, and target of TSH (thyroid stimulating hormone)
Type-peptide
S-anterior pituitary
E-stimulates iodine uptake and thyroid hormone production. Tr-yes
Target-thyroid
What is the type of hormone, source, effect, Tropic?, and target of Prolactin?
Type-peptide
S-anterior pituitary
E-milk production
Tr-no
Target-breasts directly
What is the type of hormone, source, effect, Tropic?, and target of hGH?
Type-peptide
S-anterior pituitary
E-bone and muscle growth
Tr-no
Target-bone and muscles directly
What are the two hormones that target the ovaries/testis and where are they produced?
FSH (follicle stimulating hormone) and LH (lutenizing hormone)
produced in anterior pituitary
What are the two hormones of the posterior pituitary?
oxytocin and ADH (antidiuretic hormone or vasopressin)
What is the type of hormone, source, effect, and target of ADH (antidiuretic hormone or vasopressin)?
Ty-small polypeptide
S-synthesized in hypothalamus and stored in posterior pituitary
E-stimulates waster reabsorption to make more concentrated urine, increases bp.
T-kidneys (collecting ducts of nephron)
What is the type of hormone, source, effect, and target of oxytocin
Ty-small polypeptide
S-synthesized in hypothalamus and stored in posterior pituitary
E-milk ejection and uterine contraction
T-breats and uterus
What are the two hormones secreted by the thyroid?
Thyroid hormone (T3 and T4 or thyroxine) and calcitonin
What is the type of hormone, source, effect, and target of Thyroid hormone (T3, T4, thyroxine)
S-thyroid
E-increases metabolism C-nec. for phys and mental dev. A-inc met rate and temp
T-throughout body
What is the type of hormone, source, effect, and target of calcitonin?
T-peptide
S-thyroid
E-lowers blood calcium
Target-bone, kidney, small intestine
What is the type of hormone, source, effect, and target of Parathyroid Hormone?
S-Parathyroid
E-RAISES blood calcium, makes active form of vitamin D
T-bone, blood, small intestine
What are the six GI hormones?
gastrin, secretin, CCK, insulin, glucagon, and somatostatin
What is the type of hormone, source, effect, and target of gastrin?
S-stomach
E-increase H secretion (lowers pH), stimulate growth of gastric mucose
T-stomach
What is the type of hormone, source, effect, and target of CCK?
S-small intestine
E-inrease pH
T-pancreas, stomach
What is the type of hormone, source, effect, and target of secretin?
S-small intesine
E-increase pH in response to acidic chyme in small intestine. Also inhibits gastrin secretion by g cells in the stomach
T-stomach, small intestine
What is the type of hormone, source, effect, and target of glucagon?
S-pancreas
E-stim gluconeogenesis, thus inc blood glucose and dec fat storage
T-blood
What is the type of hormone, source, effect and target of insulin?
S-pancreas
E-facilitates glucose uptake by cells-lowers blood glucose and inc glycogen and fat storage
T-blood
What is the type of hormone, source, effect, and target of somatostatin?
S-pancreas
E-decrease insulin and glucagon secretion, inhibits digestive processes
T-gut via blood
What are the three hormones of the adrenal cortex?
glucocorticoids (cortisol), mineralcorticoids (aldosterone), and sex hormones (testosterone)
What is the type of hormone, source, effect, and target of glucocorticoids (cortisone and cortisol)?
T-steroid hormone
S-adrenal cortex
E-reduce immune and inflammatory response. inc. blood glucose and protein cat.
T-throughout body
What is the type of hormone, source, effect, and target of mineralcorticoids (aldosterone)?
T-steroid hormones
S-adrenal cortex
E-Na+ reabsorption by kidney thereby inc. b.p.
T-kidneys
What is the type of hormone, effect, and target of sex hormones (testosterone) from adrenal cortex?
T-steroid hormone
E-males-little,most test. comes from testis
females-masculinization, inc virility when overexp.
T-throughout body
What is are the major hormones from the adrenal medulla?
catecholamines-epinephrine, norepinephrine
What is the type of hormone, source, effect, and target of catecholines (Epi and norepi)?
T-amino acid (tyrosine derivative)
S-adrenal medulla
E-sympathetic response
T-throughout body
What is the type of hormone, source, effect, and target of calcitonin?
T-peptide
S-thyroid
E-lowers blood calcium
Target-bone, kidney, small intestine
What is the type of hormone, source, effect, and target of Parathyroid Hormone?
S-Parathyroid
E-RAISES blood calcium, makes active form of vitamin D
T-bone, blood, small intestine
What are the six GI hormones?
gastrin, secretin, CCK, insulin, glucagon, and somatostatin
What is the type of hormone, source, effect, and target of gastrin?
S-stomach
E-increase H secretion (lowers pH), stimulate growth of gastric mucose
T-stomach
What is the type of hormone, source, effect, and target of CCK?
S-small intestine
E-inrease pH
T-pancreas, stomach
What is the type of hormone, source, effect, and target of secretin?
S-small intesine
E-increase pH
T-stomach, pancreas
What is the type of hormone, source, effect, and target of glucagon?
S-pancreas
E-stim gluconeogenesis, thus inc blood glucose and dec fat storage
T-blood
What is the type of hormone, source, effect and target of insulin?
S-pancreas
E-facilitates glucose uptake by cells-lowers blood glucose and inc glycogen and fat storage
T-blood
What is the type of hormone, source, effect, and target of somatostatin?
S-pancreas
E-decrease insulin and glucagon secretion, inhibits digestive processes
T-gut via blood
What are the three hormones of the adrenal cortex?
glucocorticoids (cortisol), mineralcorticoids (aldosterone), and sex hormones (testosterone)
What is the type of hormone, source, effect, and target of glucocorticoids (cortisone and cortisol)?
T-steroid hormone
S-adrenal cortex
E-reduce immune and inflammatory response. inc. blood glucose and protein cat.
T-throughout body
What is the type of hormone, source, effect, and target of mineralcorticoids (aldosterone)?
T-steroid hormones
S-adrenal cortex
E-Na+ reabsorption by kidney thereby inc. b.p.
T-kidneys
What is the type of hormone, effect, and target of sex hormones (testosterone) from adrenal cortex?
T-steroid hormone
E-males-little,most test. comes from testis
females-masculinization, inc virility when overexp.
T-throughout body
What is are the major hormones from the adrenal medulla?
catecholamines-epinephrine, norepinephrine
What is the type of hormone, source, effect, and target of catecholines (Epi and norepi)?
T-amino acid (tyrosine derivative)
S-adrenal medulla
E-sympathetic response
T-throughout body
What is the type of hormone, effect, and target of testosterone from the testis?
T-steroid hormone
E-male characteristics, spermatogenesis, closing of epiphyseal plates
T-throughout body
What is the type of hormone, source, effect, and target of estrogen?
T-steroid
S-ovaries
E-female characteristics, stimulated follicular phase and endometrial growth
T-body, ovaries, and uterus
What is the source, effect, and target of hCG?
S-placenta
E-stimulates corpus luteum to to grow and release estrogen and progetsterone to prevent menstruation and maintain uterus during preg
T-ovaries and uterus