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15 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
what % of er visits are toxicological emergencies?
10 %
(not 5%)
leading agents of inhalation exposures are
carbon monoxide
ammonia
toxic vapors
What is the most common route of poisoning you will see?
ingestion
what is diazepam?
valium
(which is a benzodiazepine)
What are the 3 steps of decontamination?
reduce intake
reduce adsorbption
enhance elimination
flumazenil is an antidote for
benodiazepines
would a sign of toxic inhalation be tachypnea or bradycardia
tachypnea (not bradycardia)
what are signs/symptoms of CO poisoning?
headache
nausea/vomiting
confusion/altered mental status tachypnea
the narcotic toxidrome will=cns depression while the
sympathomimetic toxidrome will
= cns excitation true/false?
true
ingestion of alkalis usually result in what?
liquefacation necrosis
2 drugs with narrow therapeutic indexes are
tricyclic antidepressants
and
lithium
serotonin syndrome will produce hypotension

true/false
false
use of benzodiazepines is reccommended for
cocaine
amphetamines
hallucinogens
will a symptom of amphetamine use be dilated or constricted pupils?
dilated
what is a toxidrome?
a group of clinical signs associated with a particular type of toxin