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56 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Emergency Medical Services
A system coinsisting of a team of health care professionals who are responsible for and provide emergency care and transportation to the sick and injured
protocols
the appropriate care for injury, condition or illness
medical direction
a physician that authorizes EMT's in the service to provide medical care in the field
Primary Prevention
strategies that focus on preventing an event from occurring
secondary prevention
after the event has happened, measures that can be taken to decrease the effects of the event
cumulative stress reaction
prolonged or excessive stress
general adaptation syndrome
the body's response to stress that begins with an alarm response followed by a stage of reaction and resistance and then recovery, of if the stress is prolonged, exhaustion
PTSD
a delayed stress reaction to a prior incident, often a result of one or more resolved issues concerning the incident
critical incident stress management
a process that confronts the responses to critical incidents and diffuses them, directing the emergency service personnel toward physical and emotional equilibrium
cirticail incident stress debriefing
a method of CISM
centers for disease control
the primary federal agency that conducts and supports public health activities in the US
occupational safety and health administration
the federal regulatory compliance agency that develops and enforces guidelines concerning safety in the workplace
DNR
an advance medical order that instructs EMS personnel to not attempt resuscitation
battery
unlawfully touching a person
abandonment
unilateral termination of care by the MET without the patients consent, or provisions for continued cared by a medical professional competent to provide care
putrefaction
decomposition of the body
rigor mortis
the stiffening of the body muscles caused by chemical changes within muscle tissue
dependent lividity
blood settling in the lowest point of the body, causing discoloration of the skin
negligence
failure to provide the same care that a person with similar training would provide in the same or similar situation
assault
unlawfully placing a person in fear of bodily harm
proximal
closest to the point of attachment
distal
furthest from the point of attachment
midline
imaginary line dissecting the body in half symmetrically
bilateral
structures that lie on both sides of the body
dorsal
back surfaces of the body
anterior
front surface of the body
midaxilary
An imaginary line that passes vertically down the body from the apex of the axilla (armpit)
ventral
the anterior (front) surface of the body
plantar
the bottom surface of the foot
palmar
the palm of the hand
superior
closest to the head
inferior
closest to the feet
posterior
the back surface of the body (dorsal)
dead space
any portion of the airway that does contain air and cannot participate in the gas exchange, such as the trachea and bronchi
systole
the contraction, or period of contraction of the heart, especially that of the ventricles
diastole
the relaxation, or period of relaxation , of the hearth, especially of the ventricles
metabolism
chemical process in which cells take in nutrients
medulla oblongata
nerve tissue that is continuous inferiorly with the spianl cord; serves as a conduction pathway for ascending and descening nerve tracts; coordinates heart rate, blood vessel diameter, breathing, swallowing, vomiting, coughing and sneezing
respiration
the inhaling and exhaling of air, the physiologic process that exchanges carbon dioxide from fresh air
perfusion
the circulation of oxygenated blood within an organ or tissue in adequate amounts to meet the cells current needs.
cardiac output
the amount of blood moved by the heart in 1 minute
HEPA mask-
High Efficiency Particulate Air mask
Agonal Respirations
slow gasping breaths sometimes seen in dying patients
Scope of Practice
the care you are able to provide to patients outlined most commonly by state law
transmission
the way in which an infectious disease is spread: contact, airborne, by vehicles, or by vectors
diamond carry
a carrying techniquein which one EMT is located at the head end of the stretcher or backboard, one at the foot end, and one at each side of the patient each.
direct ground lift
a lifting technique that is used for patients who are found lying supine on the ground with no suspected spinal injury
extremity lift
a lifting technique that is used for patients who are supine or in a sitting position with no suspected extremity or spinal injuries
direct carry
a method of transferring the patient from a bed to the stretcher by directly lifting the patient
draw sheet method
a method of transferring the patient from a bed to the stretcher by utilizing a blanket or sheet.
Scope of Practice for an EMR
immediate BLS and urgent care with limited equipment
Scope of Practice for an EMT
assessment care, packaging and transportation of a patient
Scope of practice for an AEMT
IV therapy, advanced airway adjuncts, medication administration
Scope of practice for a Paramedic
wide range oe ALS cardiac monitoring/ pacing/ defib;
pharmacological intervation, some surgical
What is the function of Emergency Medical Dispatch (EMD)?
assist dispatchers in providing callers with vital instruction to help them deal with a medical emergency until the arrival of EMS crews
What is the purpose of the National Registry of Emergency Medical Technicians
to provide a national standard of EMS testing