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28 Cards in this Set

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What is Adandonment?
Abandonment is a form of negligence when an EMT-I terminates care of patient with out ensuring continuity of care for the patient.
What is Assault?
Assault: Creation of the fear of immediate bodily harm in a person, without his or her consent; does not require physical contact by the perpetrator.
What is Battery?
Battery: Criminal offense of inflicting bodily injury on another.
What is Consent?
Consent means agreement for approval.
What does the phrase, DO NOT RESUSCITATE ORDER, mean?
DO NOT RESUSCITATE ORDER: A physician's order indicating that a patient is not to be resuscitated in the event of a cardiac arrest.
What is Duty to Act?
Duty to Act means the EMT-I has an obligation to provide care. Dispatched and responding to scene covers this. Both for paid and volunteer EMS systems.
What is Expressed Consent?
Expressed Consent: is given when the patient provides verbal or written consent for the EMT-I to examine, care for and transport the patient to a medical facility. Can be expressed by gesture. Can be withdrawn at any time.
What is False imprisonment?
False imprisonment: Intentional and unjustifiable detention of a person against his or her will.
Describe the Good Samaritan Laws?
Good Samaritan Laws: laws that may provide immunity from prosecution and civil suit for people who render care at the scene of an emergency.
What is Gross Negligence?
Gross Negligence is the willful and reckless giving of care that causees injury to the patient.
What is implied consent?
Implied Consent means that the EMT-I assumes that a patient who is severely ill or injured would want care if he or she were able to respond.
What is informed consent?
Informed Consent:means that the patient consents to care only after receiving all the information necessary to understand his or her condition, the risks and benefits of care and the risks and benefits of refusal of care.
What is Libel?
Libel is the injury of a person's character, name, or reputation by false and malicious writings.
What is Negligence?
Negligence: Professional conduct that falls below the standerd of care; also known as medcial liability.
Describe Ordinary Negligence?
Ordinary Negligence: Acts or omissions that occur in the attempt to deliver proper care.
What is Scope of Practice?
Scope of Practice: Desciption of what assessment and treatment skills an EMT-I may legally perform.
What is Slander?
Slander is the utterance of false statements that defame and damage another's reputation.
What is Standard of Care?
Standard of Care is defined as the degree of medical care and skill that is expected of a reasonabley competent EMT-I acting in the same or similar circumstances.
What is Tort?
A tort is the breach of a legal duty or obligation resulting in an injury, either physical, mental, or financial.
Describe Tort Law?
Tort Law (also civil law) is different from criminal law - under tort law, the plaintiff, or injured person, files a lawsuit, or legal action, against the defendant, or person accused of committing the breach of duty.
Describe the four elements that must be present to prove negligence?
1. The act or omission must have been within the EMT-I's duty to act.
2. The act or omission must have been below the standard of care.
3. An injury must have occurrd to the patient.
4. The act or omission must have been the proximate (direct) cause of injury.
What are the six steps that could take place if a lawsuit was file against you?
Complaint filing
Discovery
Deposition
Settlement
Trial
Appeal
What are three General Rules concerning legally getting consent?
When in doubt treat the patient
Use Police assistance
Medical Direction
What is COBRA?
Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1985.
Identify those situations that require the EMT-I to report incidents to appropriate authorities?
Obligation to report certain injuries to approopriate officials - child/elderly abuse.
Specific privileges and responsibilities - use of restrains
Interfacing with other agencies - who is in charge of a scene.
Describe the four elements that must be present to prove negligence?
The act or omission must have been within the EMT-I's duty to act.

The act or omission must have been below the standard of care.

An injury must have occurred to the patient.

The act or omission must have been the proximate (direct) cause of injury.
Describe the significance of obtaining expressed and informed consent?
You need to have consent. Informed is that the patient knows what is going on,
Expressed is that the patient would say yes, if they were able to. WIth out consent you are breaking their rights.
Describe the provisions of COBRA that relate to the EMT-I and the transfer of patients?
These provisions are meant to prevent unstable emergency patients from being transferred between care facilities solely fro economica reasons. COBRA provisions apply to hospital-owned ambulance services.