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32 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The tactical use of an impenetrable barrier to conceal EMS personnel and protect them from projectiles.
The organism or individual that is attacked by the infecting agent.
critical incident stress debriefing (CISD)
A confidential group discussion of a severely stressful incident that usually occurs within 24 to 72 hours of the incident.
A microorganism that is capable of causing disease in a susceptible host.
The way in which an infectious agent is spread: contact, airborne, by vehicles, or by vectors.
An inflammation of the meningeal coverings of the brain.
personal protective equipment (PPE)
Protective equipment that OSHA requires to be made available to the EMT.
direct contact
Exposure or transmission of a communicable disease from one person to another by physical touching.
general adaptation syndrome
The body's three-stage response to stress.
An animal or person who may transmit an infectious disease but may not display any symptoms of it.
critical incident stress management (CISM)
A process that confronts the responses to critical incidents and defuses them, directing the emergency services personnel toward physical and emotional equilibrium.
The abnormal invasion of a host or host tissues by organisms such as bacteria, viruses, or parasites, with or without signs or symptoms of disease.
dependent lividity
Blood settling to the lowest point of the body, causing discoloration of the skin.
indirect contact
Exposure or transmission of disease from one person to another by contact with a contaminated object.
infectious disease
A disease that is caused by infection, in contrast to one caused by faulty genes, metabolic or hormonal disturbances, emotional trauma, or another cause.
Infection of the virus that can progress to AIDS.
exposure control plan
A comprehensive plan that helps employees to reduce their risk of exposure to or acquisition of communicable diseases.
A condition of chronic fatigue and frustration that results from mounting stress over time.
The strength or ability of a pathogen to produce disease.
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
A delayed stress reaction to a prior incident.
Body SUbstance Isolation (BSI)
An infection control concept and practice that assumes that all body fluids are potentially infectious.
deasignated officer
The individual in the department who is charged with the responsibility of managing exposures and infection control issues.
Decomposition of body tissues.
A chronic bacterial disease that usually affects the lungs, is contagious, and can be transmitted through coughing.
An infectious disease that is capable of being transmitted from one person to another.
universal precautions
Protective measures that have traditionally been developed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention for use in dealing with objects, blood, body fluids, or other potential exposure risks of communicable disease.
Rigor Mortis
Stiffening of the body, is a definitive sign of death.
communicable disease
Any disease that can be spread from person to person, or from animal to person.
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)
The federal regulatory compliance agency that develops, publishes, and enforces guidelines concerning safety in the workplace.
An infection of the liver, usually caused by a virus, that causes fever, loss of appetite, jaundice, fatigue, and altered liver function.
A situation in which a person has had contact with blood, body fluids, tissues, or airborne particles in a manner that suggests that disease transmission may occur.
infection control
Procedures to reduce transmission of infection among patients and health care personnel.