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14 Cards in this Set

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Who is "knobby?"
Knobby is a sasquatch sighted in the vicinity of Shelby, North Carolina. Go to Youtube.com and search for "knobby the sasquatch." You won't be disappointed.
Why is providing high-flow oxygen especially important to patients with head injuries?
It helps reduce swelling to the brain.
Which section of the spine is usually ONLY injured due to a significant mechanism of injury?
The thoracic spine
When do you release manual stabilization of the cervical spine?
Only after the patient is secured to a long spine board.
Usually only _______ patients can develop hemorrhagic shock due to a closed head injury.
Infant
To "uptriage" means to:
overtreat
Should you use direct pressure to control profuse head bleeding when there's an obvious fracture at the site of bleeding?
No, dummy.
True or false: Damage to the spinal cord can isolate a part of the body from the brain, but function is usually restored quickly.
False
True or false: You should always suspect a spine injury whenever you suspect a skull or brain injury.
True
True or false: One of the first and most significant signs of head injury is hyperventilation.
False
What are some indications for leaving a helmet in place on an injured patient?
Helmet fits snugly allowing little or no movement of head within the helmet

There are absolutely no impending airway or breathing problems nor any reason to resuscitate the patient

Removal would cause further injury

Proper spinal immobilization can be done with the helmet in place

There is no interference with the EMT's ability to assess airway or breathing
What are some indications FOR removing a helmet form an injured patient.
Helmet interferes with the ability to assess and manage airway and breathing

Helmet is improperly fitted, allowing excessive movement

Helmet interferes with immobilization

Cardiac arrest
What are the three components of the Glasgow coma scale?
Eye Opening

Verbal Response

Motor Response
Define all three components of the Glasgow coma scale, and describe the points assigned to each response
Eye Opening:
4 - Spontaneous
3 - To voice
2 - To pain
1 - None

Verbal response:
5 - Oriented
4 - Confused
3 - Inappropriate words
2 - Incomprehensible sounds
1 - None

Motor Response:
6 - Obeys command
5 - Localizes pain
4 - Withdraws from pain
3 - Flexes in response to pain
2 - extends in response to pain
1 - none