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66 Cards in this Set

  • Front
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UTI
E.coli
Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole
nitrofurantoin
amoxicillin
quinolones
Bronchitis
VIRUS, H.influenzae Moraxella
Amoxicillin
Erythromycin
Pneumonia (classic)
S.pneumo H.influenzae
3rd gen cephalosporin
azithromycin
Pneumonia(atypical)
Mycoplasma, Chlamydia
Macrolide Abx, doxycicline
Osteomyelitis
S.aureus, Salmonella
antistaph penicililn (doxicillin, methicillin)
vancomycin
Cellulitis
Staph Strep
antistaph penicillin (dicloxacillin, methicillin)
Meningitis (neonate)
Strep B, E.coli, Listeria
Amp+aminoglycoside
OR 3rd gen cephalosporin
Meningitis (child/adult)
S.pneumo, N.meningitides

Penicillin/amoxicillin +chloramphenicol
OR 3rd generation cephalosporin
Sepsis
gram (-) s, strep, staph
3rd gen pen/ceph + aminoglycoside
OR Imipenem
Septic arthritis
S.aureus (not sexually active), gonococci (ynger adults)
antistaph pen (dicloxacillin, methicillin)
ceftriaxone, penicillin, spectinomycin
Endocarditis
Staph, strep
[antistaph pen (dicloxacillin, methicillin) OR vancomycin]
AND aminoglycoside
Strep A or B
1. penicillin
2. erythromycin
enterococci
1. pen + aminoglycoside
2. vanc + aminoglycoside
gonococci
1. ceftriaxone
2. penicillin
haemophilus
1. 2nd or 3rd gen cephalosporin
2. Ampicillin
bacteroides
1. metronidazole
2. clindamycin
treponema
1. penicillin
2. erythromycin
E.coli
1. 3rd gen cephalosporin
2. aminoglycoside
rickettsia
1. tetracycline
2. erythromycin
mycobacterium tuberculosis
1. isoniazid/rifampin
2. ethambutol, pyrazinamide
strep pneumo
1. 3rd gen cephalosporin
2. fluoroquinolone
Staph
1. antistaph penicillin (dicloxacillin, methicillin)
2. VANC (MRSA)
Meningococcus
1. Penicillin/ampicillin
2. cefotaxime, chloramphenicol
Pseudomonas
1. penicillin + aminoglycoside
2. aztreonam, imipenem
mycoplasma
1. erythromycin
2. tetracycline
chlamydia or borrellia
1. tetracycline
2. erythromycin
klebsiella
1. 3rd gen cephalosporin
2. 3rd gen pen + aminoglycoside
colors for
gram +
gram -
blue
red
gram positive cocci in chains
streptococci
gram positive cocci in clusters
staphylococci
gram positive cocci in pairs (diplococci)
strep pneumo
gram positive cocci in
chains
clusters
pairs
strep
staph
strep pneumo
gram negative
coccobacilli (small rods)
diplococci
haemophilus
neisseria (gonorrhea, septic arthritis, meningitis) or moraxella (lungs, sinusitis)
gram negative rod that is plump and mucoid (thick capsule)
klebsiella
gram positive rods that form spores
clostridium, bacillus
pseudohyphae
candida
acid-fast organisms
mycobacterium tuberculosis
nocardia
gram positive organism with sulfur granules
actinomyces (PID w. IUD; neckmass/cervical adenitis)
silver staining (2 bugs)
pneumocystis carinii and cat-scratch disease
positive india ink preparation (thick capsule)
cryptococcus
spirochete seen
only in dark field micorscopy (2)
regular light microscope (1)
Treponema, Leptospira
Borrelia
patient/gardner stuck with thorn (dx + tx)
sporothrix schenckii (fungal)
tx potassium iodide or ketoconazole
aplastic crisis in sickle cell disease or other henoglobinopathy
parvovirus B19
Sepsis after splenectomy (or autospenectomy in sickle cell disease) (3)
S. pneumo, H.flu, N. meningitides (encapsulated bugs)
Pneumonia in SW (bug + tx)
Coccioides immitis
tx with ampho B
Pneumonia after cave exploring or expo to bird droppings (ohio and mississipi river valleys
histoplasma capsulatum
pneumonia after exposure to parrot or exotic bird
chlamydia psittaci
fungus ball/hemoptysis after TB induced cavitary disease
Aspergillus
pneumonia in a patient with silicosis
TB
diarrhea after hiking or drinking from a stream
(bug + finding + tx)
giardia lamblia; cysts in stool; tx with metronidazole
pregnant women with cats
toxoplasma gondii
B12 deficiency and abdominal sx
diphyllobothrium latum
seizures with ring enhancing brain lesion on CT
Taenia solium (cysticericosis)
bladder CA (squamous cell) in middle east and africa
schistosoma haematobium
worm infxn in kids
enterobius
Positive tape test, perianal itching
fever, muscle pain, eosinophilia and periorbital edema after eating raw meat
trichinella spiralis (trichinosis)
gastroenteritis in young children
rotavirus
food poisoning after eating reheated rice
bacillus cereus
food poisoning after eating raw seafood
vibrio parahaemolyticus
diarrhea after travelling to mexico (montezuma's revenge)
e.coli
diarrhea after antibiotics
(bug + tx)
c.difficile
tx with metro or vanc
infant paralyzed after eating honey (bug + mechanism)
clostridium botulinum (blocks acetylcholine release)
genital lesions in children w/o sexual abuse
molluscum contageosum
cellulitus after cat or dog bites (bug + prophylaxis)
pasteurella multocida (tx cat and dog bites with prophylactic ampicillin)
slaughterhouse worker with fever
brucella
pneumonia after being in a hotel, near an air conditioner or water tower
(bug + tx)
legionella pneumophilia
tx with erythromycin