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30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid. The molecule of inheritance in cells. All living things have it.
RNA
Ribonucleic acid. Nucleic acid that turn DNA instructions into proteins. (DNA->RNA->Protien)
Inheritance
The transmission (from parents to offspring) of genes that specify charicteristics of the species
Receptors
Molecules and structures that detect stimuli
Stimulus/Stimuli
A form of energy that a receptor can detect (ex. sunlight energy, heat energy)
Multicelled Organism
Indivdual consisting of interdepentdant cells organized in tissues, organs and organ systems.
Population
Group of individuals of the same species occupying the same area
Community
Populations of all species occupying the same area
Ecosystem
A community and its physical environment
Producers
Organisms that produce their own food/energy (ex. plants and phtosynthesis)
Consumers
An organism unable to produce its own food, feeds on cells or tissues of other organisms
Decomposers
A prokaryotics or fungal heterotroph, gets carbon and energy from products or remains of organisms
Plantea
Kingdom of plants
species
One kinds of organism
Genus
Encompasses all closely related species
Archaea
The domain that contains bacteria
Archaebactera
Kingdom of extremophiles within domain Archaea
Eubacteria
Kingdom within domain bacteria
Protista
Kingdom within domain Eukarya
Bacteria
Domain that contains kingdom Eubacteria
fungi
kingdom within domain Eukarya
Animalia
kingdom within domain Eukarya
Mutation
Heritable change in DNA's molecular structure
adaptive trait
A mutation that helps the individual survive and reproduce under harsh conditions
Artificial selection
The process by which one controls the breeding of a species to be sure that the offspring does or does not get a specific trait
Natural selection
Survival of the fittest, whatever species that coudn't survive in it's environment would die off or adapt
prediction
A statement about what will happen in the future based off a hypthesis
inductive logic
A more general statement from observations
Deductive logic
A more specific statement made from observations
Sampling error
The use of a sample that is too small to represent its whole group.