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199 Cards in this Set

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Roots for infraspinatus
C5, C6
Roots for deltoid
C5, C6
Roots for biceps
C5, C6
Roots for brachioradialis
C5, C6
Roots for pronator teres
C6, C7
Roots for flexor carpi radialis
C7, C8
Roots for extensor carpi radialis
longus: C6, C7
brevis: C7, C8
Roots for extensor carpi ulnaris
C7, C8
Roots for triceps
C7, C8
Roots for extensor digitorum in the hand
C7, C8
Roots for extensor indicis proprius
C7, C8
Roots for first dorsal interosseous
C8, T1
Roots for abductor digiti minimi in the hand
C8, T1
Roots for abductor pollicis brevis
C8, T1
Roots for vastus medialis
L2, L3, L4
Roots for adductor longus
L2, L3, L4
Roots for anterior tibialis
L4, L5
Roots for peroneus longus
L5, S1
Roots for gastrocnemius
L5, S1, S2
Roots for soleus
S1, S2
Roots for extensor digitorum brevis in the foot
L5, S1
Roots for tensor fascia lata
L4, L5, S1
Roots for gluteus maximus
L5, S1, S2
Roots for extensor hallucis longus
L5, S1
Roots for abductor hallucis
S1, S2
Roots for gluteus medius
L4, L5, S1
Root levels for flexor carpi ulnaris
C7, C8, T1
Root levels and division for iliopsoas
posterior, L2, L3
Root levels and division for vastus lateralis
posterior; L2, L3, L4
Root levels for medial hamstrings
L4, L5, S1, S2
Root levels for lateral hamstrings
L5, S1, S2, (S3)
What are the medial hamstring muscles?
semimembanosus, semitendinosus
What are the lateral hamstring muscles?
biceps femoris muscles (long and short heads)
Peripheral nerve for infraspinatus
suprascapular nerve
Peripheral nerve for deltoid
axillary nerve
Peripheral nerve for biceps
musculocutaneous nerve
Peripheral nerve for brachioradialis
radial nerve
Peripheral nerve for pronator teres
median nerve
Peripheral nerve for flexor carpi radialis
median nerve
Peripheral nerve for extensor carpi radialis
radial nerve
Peripheral nerve for flexor carpi ulnaris
ulnar nerve
Peripheral nerve for flexor carpi ulnaris
ulnar nerve
Peripheral nerve for extensor carpi ulnaris
posterior interosseous nerve (radial nerve)
Peripheral nerve for triceps
radial nerve
Peripheral nerve for extensor digitorum in the hand
posterior interosseous nerve (radial nerve)
Peripheral nerve for extensor indicis proprius
posterior interosseous nerve (radial nerve)
Peripheral nerve for first dorsal interosseous
ulnar nerve
Peripheral nerve for abductor digiti minimi
ulnar nerve
Peripheral nerve for abductor pollicis brevis
median nerve
Peripheral nerve for iliopsoas
femoral nerve
Peripheral nerve for vastus medialis
femoral nerve
Peripheral nerve for vastus lateralis
femoral nerve
Peripheral nerve for adductor longus
obturator
Peripheral nerve for tibialis anterior
deep fibular
Peripheral nerve for peroneus longus
superficial fibular
Peripheral nerve for medial gastrocnemeus
tibial nerve
Roots and divisions for medial gastrocnemeus
anterior; S1, S2
Roots and divisions for lateral gastrocnemeus
anterior; L5, S1
Peripheral nerve for soleus
tibial
Peripheral nerve for extensor digitorum brevis
deep fibular
Peripheral nerve for tensor fascia lata
superior gluteal
Peripheral nerve for gluteus maximus
inferior gluteal
Peripheral nerve for extensor hallucis longus
deep fibular
Peripheral nerve for abductor hallucis
medial plantar nerve (tibial)
Peripheral nerve for medial hamstrings
tibial division of the sciatic
Peripheral nerve for lateral hamstrings
biceps long head: tibial of sciatic
biceps short head: fibular of sciatic
Peripheral nerve for gluteus medius
superior gluteal nerve
Only hamstring innervated by the fibular branch of the sciatic nerve
short head of the biceps femoris
method of activation of infraspinatus
externally rotate humerus
electrode insertion site for infraspinatus
into infraspinous fossa 2 fingerbreadths below the medial portion of the spine of the scapula
method of activation of anterior deltoid
arm flexion
electrode insertion site for anterior deltoid
3 fingerbreadths below the anterior margin of the acromion
method of activation of middle deltoid
arm abduction
electrode insertion site for middle deltoid
1/2 way between tip of acromion and the deltoid tubercle
method of activation of posterior deltoid
arm extension
electrode insertion site for posterior deltoid
2 fingerbreadths caudal to posterior acromion
method of activation for biceps
flex and/or supinate forearm
electrode insertion site for biceps
into bulk of the muscle in mid arm
method of activation for brachioradialis
flex forearm in neutral position
electrode insertion site for brachioradialis and electrode insertion depth
along flexor crease 1/2 way between biceps tendon and lateral epicondyle; depth to 1/2 inch
method of activation for pronator teres
pronate forearm (with elbow extended)
electrode insertion site for pronator teres
2 fingerbreadths distal to midpoint between medial epicondyle and biceps tendon
method of activation for flexor carpi radialis
wrist flexion with radial deviation
electrode insertion site for flexor carpi radialis
3-4 fingerbreadths distal to the midpoint of the medial epicondyle and the biceps tendon
method of activation for extensor carpi radialis
extend wrist with radial deviation
electrode insertion site for extensor carpi radialis
2 fingerbreadths distal to lateral epicondyle
method of activation for flexor carpi ulnaris
flex wrist with ulnar deviation
electrode insertion site for flexor carpi ulnaris
2 fingerbreadths volar to the ulnar at proximal 1/3 of forearm
method of activation for extensor carpi ulnaris
extend wrist with ulnar deviation
electrode insertion site for extensor carpi ulnaris
just above ulnar shaft in middle of dorsal forearm
method of activation for lateral triceps
extend elbow
electrode insertion site for lateral triceps
immediately posterior to the deltoid tubercle
method of activation for long triceps
extend elbow
electrode insertion site for long triceps
4 fingerbreadths distal to posterior axillary fold
method of activation for medial triceps
extend elbow
electrode insertion site for medial triceps
3 fingerbreadths proximal to the medial epicondyle of the humerus
method of activation for extensor digitorum
extend MCPs
electrode insertion site (approach and depth) for extensor digitorum in the hand
At proximal 1/3 of forearm; grasp ulna between thumb and middle finger with index 1/2 way between these two; insert at index finger to depth of 1/2 inch
method of activation for extensor indicis proprius
extend index finger with other fingers in flexion
electrode insertion site and depth for extensor indicis proprius
2 fingerbreadths proximal to ulnar styloid at just off (radially) of ulna (1/2 inch)
method of activation for 1st dorsal interosseus in the hand
abduct the index finger
electrode insertion site for 1st dorsal interosseus
proximal to 2nd MCP; direct obliquely and rostrally along dorsum of the hand
method of activation for abductor digiti minimi in the hand
abduct little finger
electrode insertion site for abductor digiti minimi in the hand
obliquely at the midpoint of the 5th metacarpal
method of activation for abductor pollicis brevis
abduct thumb with IP joint flexed
electrode insertion site for abductor pollicis brevis
midway along the shaft of the 1st metacarpal, obliquely
method of activation for iliopsoas
flex hip with knee flexed at least 90 degrees
electrode insertion site for iliopsoas
2 fingerbreadths lateral to the femoral artery and 1 fingerbreadth below inguinal ligament
method of activation for vastus medialis
lift heel with knee extended
electrode insertion site for vastus medialis
4 fingerbreadths proximal to the superior-medial angle of the patella
method of activation for vastus lateralis
lift heel with knee extended
electrode insertion site for vastus lateralis
lateral thigh 1 handbreadth above the patella
method of activation for adductor longus
adduct LE
electrode insertion site for adductor longus
palpate mm on pubic tubercle and insert into muscle belly 4 fingerbreadths distal
method of activation for tibialis anterior
DF
electrode insertion site for tibialis anterior
4 fingerbreadths below tibial tuberosity and one fingerbreadths lateral to tibial crest
method of activation for peroneus longus
PF and evert the foot
electrode insertion site for peroneus longus
3 fingerbreadths below the fibular head, direct needle toward lateral fibula
method of activation for medial gastrocnemeus
PF foot with knee extended
electrode insertion site for medial gastrocnemeus
one handbreadth below the popliteal crease on the medial mass of the calf
method of activation for soleus
PF with knee flexed
electrode insertion site for soleus
distal to belly of gastroc, medial and anterior to the Achilles tendon
method of activation for extensor digitorum brevis in the foot
extend toes
electrode insertion site for extensor digitorum brevis in the foot
3 fingerbreadths distal to the lower border of lateral malleolus
method of activation for tensor fascia lata
abduct thigh with hip flexed
electrode insertion site for tensor fascia lata
2 fingerbreadths anterior to greater trochanter
method of activation for gluteus maximus
extend hip with knee flexed
electrode insertion site and depth for gluteus maximus
1/2 way betwen greater trochanter and sacrum; depth 1-3 inches
method of activation of extensor hallucis longus
dorsiflex and invert foot, and extend great toe
electrode insertion site for extensor hallucis longus
8cm proximal to bimalleolar line just lateral to tibia
method of activation of abductor hallucis
spread toes
electrode insertion site for abductor hallucis
1 fingerbreadth below navicular on mid-medial foot
method of activation of semimembranosus
flex knee, internally rotate tibia
electrode insertion site for semimembranosus
in the "v" lateral to semitendinosus tendon
method of activation of semitendinosus
flex knee, internally rotate tibia
electrode insertion site for semitendinosus
1/2 way between ischial tuberosity and medial epicondyle of the femur
method of activation of biceps femoris long head
flex knee
electrode insertion site for biceps femoris long head
1/2 between ischial tuberosity and fibular head
method of activation of biceps femoris short head
flex knee
electrode insertion site for biceps femoris short head
4 fingerbreadths proximal to fibular head medial to tendon of long head of biceps
method of activation of gluteus medius
abduct thigh
electrode insertion site for gluteus medius
1 inch distal to middle/high point of iliac crest
Myotome(s) for shoulder flexion
C5, C6
Myotome(s) for shoulder abduction
C5, C6
Name the pairings of the most general movements of the shoulder for myotomes
C5, C6: flexion and abduction
C7, C8: extension and adduction
Myotome(s) for shoulder extension
C7, C8
Myotome(s) for shoulder adduction
C7, C8
Myotome(s) for elbow flexion
C5, C6
Myotome(s) for elbow extension
C7, C8
Myotome(s) for wrist extension
C6, C7
Myotome(s) for wrist flexion
C6, C7, C8
Myotome(s) for hand intrinsics
C8, T1
Myotome(s) for long finger flexors
C8
Myotome(s) for long finger extensors
C8
Myotome(s) for hip flexors
L2, L3
Myotome(s) for hip extensors
L4, L5, S1
Myotome(s) for knee extensors
L3, L4
Myotome(s) for dorsiflexors
L5, S1
Myotome(s) for ankle DF
L4, L5
Myotome(s) for ankle PF
S1, S2
Dorsal scapular nerve comes off at the level of the _____
roots
Suprascapular nerve comes off at the ___________
upper trunk
Segments for suprascapular nerve
C5, C6
cord, division, trunk and segments for the upper subscapular nerve
posterior cord; posterior division; upper trunk; C5, C6
cord, division, trunk and segments for the lower subscapular nerve
posterior cord; posterior division; upper trunk; C5, C6
cord, division, trunk and segments for the axillary nerve
posterior cord; posterior division; upper trunk; C5, C6
cord, division, trunk and segments for the musculocutaneous nerve
lateral cord; anterior division upper trunk (and middle trunk for coracobrachialis); C5, C6, (C7)
cord, division, trunk and segments for the thoracodorsal nerve
posterior cord; posterior division; upper, middle and lower trunk; C6, C7, C8
cord, division, trunk and segments for the radial nerve (overall)
posterior cord, posterior division, upper, middle and lower trunk; C5, C6, C7, C8
Major muscles innervated by the posterior interosseous nerve
- supinator
- extensor carpi ulnaris
- extensor digitorum
- extensor digiti minimi
- abductor pollicis longus
- extensor pollicis longus
- extensor pollicis brevis
- extensor indicis
Muscles innervated by the radial nerve before it becomes the posterior interosseous
- triceps
- anconeus
- brachioradialis
- extensor carpi radialis
What is the only muscle innervated by the posterior interosseous nerve that does not have C7, C8 segments
supinator (C5, C6)
Muscles innervated by the radial nerve or its branches that get a contribution from the upper trunk
- triceps
- anconeus
- brachioradialis
- extensor carpi radialis
- supinator
(all muscles before interosseous nerve)
cord, division, trunk and segments for the median nerve
medial and lateral cord; anterior divisions; upper, middle and lower trunks; C6, C7, C8, T1
Muscles innervated by the median nerve (proper)
- pronator teres
- flexor carpi radialis
- palmaris longus
- flexor digitorum superficialis
- 1st and 2nd lumbricals
- opponens pollicis
- flexor pollicis brevis
- abductor pollicis brevis
Muscles innervated by the anterior interosseous nerve
- flexor digitorum profundus 1 and 2
- flexor pollicis longus
- pronator quadratus
cord, division, trunk and segments for the anterior interosseous nerve
lateral and medial cord; anterior division; middle and lower trunk; C7, C8, T1
Major muscles innervated by the median nerve that only have a contribution from the lower trunk
- abductor pollicis brevis
- opponens pollicis
- flexor pollicis brevis (superficial head)
cord, division, trunk and segments for the ulnar nerve
medial cord; anterior division; lower trunk; C8, T1
Muscles innervated by the ulnar nerve
- flexor carpi ulnaris
-flexor digitorum profundus 3 and 4
- abductor digiti minimi
- opponens digiti minimi
- flexor digiti minimi
- palmar interosseous
- 1st dorsal interosseous
- adductor pollicis
- flexor pollicis brevis
- lumbricals 3 and 4
Muscles innervated by the femoral nerve
- iliacus
- pectineus
- sartorius
- rectus femoris
- vastus lateralis
- vastus intermedius
- vastus medialis
- pectineus
Femoral muscles that are L2, 3 and femoral muscles that are L2, L3, L4
L2, L3: iliopsoas, sartorius, pectineus

L2, L3, L4: rectus femoris, vastus lateralis, vastus intermedius, vastus medialis
Muscles innervated by the obturator nerve
- adductor brevis
- adductor longus
- gracilis
- adductor magnus
Innervation of adductor magnus
obturator and sciatic
Only hip adductor with dual innervation
adductor magnus (obturator and sciatic)
Muscles innervated by the superior gluteal nerve
- gluteus medius
- gluteus minimus
- tensor fasciae latae
Muscle innervated by the inferior gluteal nerve
- gluteus maximus
Segments of superior gluteal nerve vs. inferior gluteal nerve
- superior: L4, L5, S1
- inferior L5, S1, S2
Muscles innervated by the sciatic nerve
- adductor magnus
- semitendinosus
- semimebranosus
- bicpes femoris
The sciatic nerve is composed of the
tibial and common fibular nerves
muscles innervated by the deep fibular nerve
- extensor digitorum longus
- tibialis anterior
- extensor hallucis longus
- peroneus tertius
- extensor digitorum brevis
muscles innervated by the superficial fibular nerve
- peroneus longus
- peroneus brevis
muscles innervated by the tibial nerve (proper)
- lateral gastrocnemius
- medial gastrocnemius
- popliteus
- soleus
- tibialis posterior
- flexor hallucis longus
Muscles innervated by the lateral plantar branch of the tibial nerve
- abductor digiti minimi
- flexor digiti minimi
- dorsal interossei
- plantar interossei
- adductor hallucis
Muscles innervated by the medial plantar branch of the tibial nerve
- abductor hallucis
- flexor digitorum brevis
- flexor hallucis brevis
Muscles innervated by the musculocutaneous nerve
- coracobrachialis
- biceps
- brachialis
Muscles innervated by the axillary nerve
- deltoid
- teres minor
Nerves of the lumbosacral plexus that have contributions from the anterior divisions of the plexus
obturator, tibial, pudendal
Nerves of the lumbosacral plexus that have contributions from the posterior divisions of the plexus
femoral, lateral femoral cutaneous nerve, common fibular, superior gluteal, inferior gluteal, nerve to piriformis