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29 Cards in this Set

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List five situations which may cause breathing emergencies.
Drugs
Poisoning
Drowning
An Obstructed Airway
Shock
List three signs and symptoms of respiratory distress.
1. Cannot catch their breath or gasping for air.
2. Make grunting sounds. Breaths may be fast, slow, deep, or shallow.
3. Skin may be moist and appear flushed. Later, it may be pale, ashen or bluish.
List 3 examples of respiratory distress.
1. Asthma
2. Emphysema
3. Hyperventilation
Define Asthma.
A condidtion that narrows the air passages and makes breathing difficult.
Define anaphylaxis.
This is a severe allergic reaction in which the air passages may swell and resrict the victim's breathing.
Define rescue breathing.
A technique of breathing air into a person to supply him or her with th eoxygen needed to survive.
What are three causes of why air gets in the victim's stomach when giving rescue breaths?
1. Breathing into the victim longer than 2 seconds may cause extra air to fill the stomach.
2. If the victim's head is not tilted back far enough, the air way will not open completely.
3. Breaths given too quickly creat more pressure in the airway causing air to enter the stomach.
List three common causes of chocking.
1.Trying to swally large pieces of porrly chewed food.
2. Drinking alcohol before or during meals.
3. Wearing dentures.
What are your first three priorities in managing a pateint with chest pain?
*
1. Care for airway.
2. Care for breathing.
3. Care for circulation.
What is the definition of a cardiac emergency?
Sudden illnesses involving the heart.
Define cardiac arrest.
The condition in which the heart stops.
What are the four chambers of the heart?
1. Right atrium
2. Right ventricle
3. Left atrium
4. Left ventricle
The coronary arteries supply the heart muscle with...
...oxygen-rich blood.
Define heart attack.
When heart tissue dies, the resulting sudden illness is a heart attack.
Fill in the blanks: Deposits of ______, a fatty substance made by the body and other material may gradually build up on the inner walls of the arteries. This condition is called ________.
1. Cholesterol
2. Atherosclerosis
What is a stroke?
A disruption of blood flow to a part of the brain.
List five signs and symptoms of a heart attack.
1. Persisten chest pain or discomfort
2. Difficulty breathing.
3. Changes in pulse rate.
4. Skin appearance.
5 Radiating pain to arms, shoulds, neck, or back.
What are three questions would you ask a patien with chest pain?
1. When did the pain start?
2. What brought it on?
3. Does anything lessen it?
4. What does it feel like?
5. Where does it hurt?
What does CPR stand for?
Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation.
Define Defibrillator.
A device that sends and electric shock through the chest to the heart to start the heart beating effectively again.
How many compressions per minute do you want...
...for an adult? 80-100
...for a child? 100
...for an infant? 120
Define hemorrhage.
A large amount of bleeding occuring in a short time.
What are the three major functions of the blood?
1. Transporting oxygen, nutrients, and wastes.
2. Protecting against disease by producing antibodies and defending against infections.
3. Helping to maintain constant body temperature by circulating throughout the body.
What are the five steps for controlling bleeding?
*
1. Follow BIS precautions.
2. Place pressure directly on the wound with a sterile gauze pad or any clean cloth.
3. Elevate the injured area above the level of the heart if the victime does not have a painful, swollen deformity.
4. Apply a pressure bandage
5. If bleeding continues, apply pressure at a pressure point to slow the flow of blood.
What are five signs and symptoms of internal bleeding?
1. Discoloration of the skin in the injured area.
2. Anxiety or restlessness.
3. Rapid Breathing.
4. Rapid, weak pulse.
5. Excessive thirst.
Define shock.
A condition in which the circulatory system fails to adequately circulate oxygen-rich blood to all parts of the body. Shock is the inevitable resulat of any serious injury or illness.
List three types of shock.
1. Anaphylactic
2. Metabolic
3. Respiratory
List four signs and symptoms of shock.
1. Restlessness
2. Irritability
3. Pale or ashen, cool moist skin: rapid breathing: a rapid and weak pulse.
4. Nausea.
List five ways to manage shock.
1.Control any external bleeding as soon as possible to minimize blood loss.
2. Elevate the legs about 12 inches to keep blood circulation to vital organs.
3. Administer oxygen if it is available and you are trained to do so.
4. Do not give the victim anything to eat or drink.
5. Call more advanced medical personell immediately.