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81 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Teratogenic effect of:
Alcohol
Fetal alcohol syndrome
Birth defects and MR
Teratogenic effect of:
ACE inhibitors
Fetal Renal damage
Teratogenic effect of:
Cocaine
Abnormal fetal development & fetal addiction
Teratogenic effect of:
Diethylstilbestrol
Fetal Vaginal Clear cell carcinoma
Teratogenic effect of:
Iodide
Congenital goiter or hypothyroidism
Teratogenic effect of:
13-cis-retinoic acid
Extremely high risk for birth defects
Teratogenic effect of:
Thalidomide
Limb defects ("flipper" limbs)
Teratogenic effect of:
Tobacco
Preterm labor, placental problems, ADHD
Teratogenic effect of:
Warfarin
Multiple anomalies
Teratogenic effect of:
Anticonvulsants
Multiple anomalies
Teratogenic effect of:
X-rays
Multiple anomalies
What does the truncus arteriosus become?
Ascending aorta & pulmonary trunk
What does the bulbis cordis become?
Smooth parts of left & right ventricle
What does the primitive ventricle become?
Trabeculated parts of left & right ventricle
What does the primitive atria become?
Trabeculated parts of left & right atria
What does the sinus venosus become?
Left horn becomes coronary sinus
Right horn becomes smooth part of right atrium
What embryonic structure becomes the SVC?
Right common cardinal vein & right anterior cardinal vein
What is used to close a PDA?
Indomethacin
What is used to keep a PDA open?
Prostaglandin- PGE1 analogs
Misoprostol/Alprostadil
What is the remnant of:
Umbilical vein
Ligamentum teres hepatis
What is the remnant of:
Umbilical arteries
Medial umbilical ligaments
What is the remnant of:
Ductus arteriosus
Ligamentum arteriosum
What is the remnant of:
Ductus venosum
Ligamentum venosum
What is the remnant of:
Foramen ovale
Fossa ovalis
What is the remnant of:
Allantois
Median umbilical ligament
More specifically, the ligament is a remnant of the urachus (the part of the allantois between the bladder & umbilicus)
What is the remnant of:
Notochord
Nucleus pulposus of intervertebral disk
What fetal structure forms:
Maxillary artery
1st aortic arch
What fetal structure forms:
Stapedial artery
2nd aortic arch
What fetal structure forms:
Hyoid artery
2nd aortic arch
What fetal structure forms:
Common carotid artery
3rd aortic arch
What fetal structure forms:
Proximal internal carotid
3rd aortic arch
What fetal structure forms:
Part of the aortic arch
Left side of 4th aortic arch
What fetal structure forms:
Proximal Right subclavian a.
Right side of 4th aortic arch
What fetal structure forms:
Proximal pulmonary arteries and ductus arteriosus
6th aortic arch
What fetal structure forms:
Meckel's Cartilage
1st Branchial Arch
What fetal structure forms:
Mandible
1st Branchial Arch
What fetal structure forms:
Muscle of mastication
1st Branchial Arch
What fetal structure forms:
Anterior 2/3 of tongue
1st Branchial Arch
What fetal structure forms:
Many structures of ear
1st Branchial Arch
What fetal structure forms:
Muscles of facial expression
2nd Branchial Arch
What fetal structure forms:
Stapes
2nd Branchial Arch
What fetal structure forms:
Styloid process
2nd Branchial Arch
What fetal structure forms:
Stylopharyngeus muscle
3rd Branchial Arch
What fetal structure forms:
Posterior 1/3 of tongue
3rd and 4th Branchial Arch
What fetal structure forms:
Thyroid cartilage
4th-6th Branchial Arch
What fetal structure forms:
Cricoid cartilage
4th-6th Branchial arch
What fetal structure forms:
Arytenoid cartilage
4th-6th Branchial arch
What fetal structure forms:
Cuneiform cartilage
4th-6th Branchial arch
What fetal structure forms:
Most pharyngeal constrictors
4th Branchial arch
What fetal structure forms:
Cricothyroid muscle
4th Branchial arch
What fetal structure forms:
Levator veli platini muscle
4th Branchial arch
What fetal structure forms:
Intrinsic muscles of larynx
6th Branchial arch
Exception: Cricothyroid muscle
What fetal structure forms:
External auditory meatus
1st Branchial cleft
What fetal structure forms:
A branchial cyst
2nd-4th Branchial cleft
Abnormal finding from persistance of the temporary cervical sinuses
What fetal structure forms:
Endoderm lined structures of ear
1st Branchial pouch
What fetal structure forms:
Eustachian tube
1st Branchial pouch
What fetal structure forms:
Middle ear cavity
1st Branchial pouch
What fetal structure forms:
Mastoid air cells
1st Branchial pouch
What fetal structure forms:
Epithelium of palatine tonsil
2nd Branchial pouch
What fetal structure forms:
Inferior parathyroids
Dorsal wings of 3rd Branchial pouch
What fetal structure forms:
Thymus
Ventral wings of 3rd Branchial pouch
What fetal structure forms:
Superior parathyroids
4th Branchial pouch
What nerve innervates:
1st Branchial arch
CN V2 and V3- Trigeminal
What nerve innervates:
2nd Branchial arch
CN VII- Facial
What nerve innervates:
3rd Branchial arch
CN IX- Glossopharyngeal
What nerve innervates:
4th Branchial arch
Superior laryngeal nerve
Branch of CN X- Vagus
What nerve innervates:
6th Branchial arch
Recurrent laryngeal nerve
Branch of CN X- Vagus
What nerve innervates:
Taste on anterior 2/3 of tongue
CN VII- Facial
What nerve innervates:
Taste on posterior 1/3 of tongue
CN IX- Glossopharyngeal
Extreme posterior is via CN X- Vagus
What nerve innervates:
Sensation on anterior 2/3 of tongue
CN V3- Trigeminal
What nerve innervates:
Sensation on posterior 1/3 of tongue
CN IX- Glossopharyngeal
Extreme posterior is via CN X- Vagus
What nerve innervates:
Motor functions of tongue
CN XII- Hypoglossal
Failure of development of what fetal structure leads to DiGeorge syndrome
3rd & 4th Branchial pouches
These form the Thymus & Parathyroids which are absent in DiGeorge syndrome
What does the Genital tubercle form into in men?
Glans penis
What does the Genital tubercle form into in women?
Glans clitoris
What does the Urogenital sinus form into in men?
Corpus spongiosum, Bulbourethral glands(of cowper), Prostate gland
What does the Urogenital sinus form into in women?
Vestibular bulbs, Greater vestibular glands(of Bartholin), urethral & paraurethral glands(of Skene)
What do the Urogenital folds form into in men?
Ventral shaft of penis(penile urethra)
What do the Urogenital folds form into in women?
Labia minora
What does the Labioscrotal swelling form into in men?
Scrotum
What does the Labioscrotal swelling form into in women?
Labia majora