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47 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
detraction
n. slandering; aspersion
He is offended by your frequent detractions slanderings aspersions of his ability as a leader

disenfranchise
v. deprive of a civil right
The imposition of the poll tax effectively disenfranchised poor Southern blacks, who lost their right to vote
dregs
n. sediment; worthless residue
David poured the wine carefully to avoid stirring up the dregs
emendation
n. correction of errors; improvement
Please initial all the emendations you have made in this contract
extenuate
v. weaken; mitigate
It is easier for us to extenuate our own shortcomings that tbose of others
fitful
adj. spasmodic; intermittent
After several fitful attempts, he decided to postpone the start of the project until he felt more energetic
frugality
n. thrift; economy
In economically hard times, anyone who doesn't learn to practice frugality risks bankrupcy
glut
v. overstock; fill to excess
The many manufacturers glutted the market and could not find purchasers for the excess articles they had produced
incriminate
v. accuse
The evidence gathered against the racketeers incriminates some high public officials as well
magnanimous
adj. generous; great-hearted
Philanthropists by definiton are magnanimous; misers, by definition, are not. Cordelia was too magnanimous to resent her father's unkindness to her; instead, she generously forgave him
criterion
n. standard used in judging
What criterion did you use when you selected this essay as the prizewinner?
defoliate
v. destroy leaves
In Vietnam the army made extensive use of chemical agents to defoliate the woodlands
drivel
n. nonsense foolishness
why do I have to spend my days listening to such idiotic drivel? Drivel is related to dribble; think of dribbling, driveling idiot
escapade
n. prank; flighty conduct
The headmaster could not regard this latest escapade as a boyish joke and expelled the young man
extol
v. praise; glorify
The president extolled the astronauts, calling them the pioneers of the Space Age
fruition
n. bearing of fruit; fulfillment; realization, attainment of anything desired
After yearss of saving and scrimping, her dream of owning her own home finally came to fruition.
heyday
n. time of greatest success; prime
In their heyday, San Francisco Forty-Niners won the Super Bowl two years running
impermeable
adj. impervious; not permitting passage through its substance
Sue chose a raincoate made of GoreTex because the material is impermeable to liquids.
incrustation
n. hard coating or crust
In dry dock, we scraped off the incrustation of dirt and barnacles that covered the hull of the ship
innocuous
adj. harmless
An occasional glass of wine with dinner is relatively innocuous and should have no ill effect on you
inveterate
adj. deep-rooted; habitual
An inveterate smoker, Bob cannot seem to break the habit, no matterhow hard he tries
laggard
adj. slow; sluggish
The sailor had been taught not to be laggard in carrying out orders
magnate
n. person of prominence or influence
Growning up in Pittsburg, Annie Dillard was surrounded by the mansions of the great stell and coal magnates who set their mark on that city
outstrip
v. surpass; outdo
Jesse Owens easily outstripped his white competitors to win the gold medal at the Olympic Games
cupidity
n. greed
The defeated people could not satisfy the cupidity of the conquerors, who demanded excessive tribute
delineate
v. portray; depict; sketch
Using only a few descriptive phrases, Austen delineates the character of Mr. Collins so well that we can predict his every move
diatribe
n. bitter scolding; invective
During the lengthy diatribe delivered by his opponent he remained calm and self-controlled
Dichotomy
n. split; branching into two parts (especially contradictory ones).
Willie didn't know how to resolve the dichotomy between his ambition to go to college and his childhood longing to run away and join the circus
dutiful
adj. respectful; obedient
When Mother told Billy to kiss Great-Aunt Hattie, the boy obediently gave the old woman a dutiful peck on her cheek.
endorse
v. approve; support
Everyone waited to see which one of the rival candidates for the city council the mayor would endorse.
endemic
adj. prevailing among a specific group of people or in a specific area or country
This disease is endemic in this part of the world; more than 80 percent of the population are at one time or another affected by it
euphonious
adj. pleasing in sound
Euphonious even when spoken, the Italian language is particularly pleasing to the ear when sung
euphoria
n. feeling of great happiness and well-being (sometimes exaggerated)
Delighted with her SAT scores, sure that the university would accept her, Allison was filled with euphoria
facetious
adj. joking (often inappropriately); humorous
I'm serious about this project; I don't need any facetious, smart-alecky cracks about do-gooder little rich girls
facile
adj. easily accomplished; ready or fluent; superficial
Words came easily to Jonathan; he was a facile
floe
n. mass of floating ice
The ship made slow progress as it battered its way through the ice floes
flora
n. plants of a region or era
Because she was a botanist, she spent most of her time studying the flora of the desert
gale
n. windstorm; gust of wind; emotional outburst (laughter, tears).
The Weather Channel warned viewers about a rising gale, with winds of up to sixty miles per hour
gratis
adj. free
The company offered to give one package gratis to every purchaser of one of thier products
gratuitous
adj. given freely; unwarranted; uncalled for
Quit making gratuitous commments about my driving; no one asked you for your opinion
implicit
understood but not stated
Jack never told Jill he adored her; he believed his love was implicit in his actions
indices
n. signs; indications
Many college admissions officers believe that SAT scores and high school grades are the best indices of a student's potential to succeed in college
indict
v. charge
The district attorney didn't want to indict the suspect until she was sure she had a strong enough case to convince a jury
insinuate
v. hint; imply; creep in
When you said I looked robust, did you mean to insinuate that I'm getting fat?
irreproachable
adj. blameless; impeccable
Homer's conduct at the office party was irreproachable; even Marge didn't have anything to say about how he behaved
irresolute
adj. uncertain how to act; weak
Once you have made your decision, don't waver; a leader should never appear irresolute
malign
v. speak evil of; bad-mouth; defame
Putting her hands over her ears, Rose refused to listen to Betty malign her friend Susan