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20 Cards in this Set

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Name: Hydrogen
Symbol: H
Atomic Number: 1
Date of Discovery: 1766
Discoverer: Henry Cavendish
Name Origin: From the Greek words hudôr (water) and gennan (generate)
Uses: Balloons, metal refining
Obtained From: mines, oil, gas wells
Name: Helium
Symbol: He
Atomic Number: 2
Date of Discovery: 1895
Discoverer: Sir William Ramsay
Name Origin: From the Greek word hêlios (sun)
Uses: balloons, deep sea diving
Obtained From: natural gas deposit, air
Name: Lithium
Symbol: Li
Atomic Number: 3
Date of Discovery: 1817
Discoverer: Johann Arfvedson
Name Origin: From the Greek word lithos (stone)
Uses: batteries, ceramics, lubricants
Obtained From: passing electric charge through melted lithium chloride, spodumene
Name: Beryllium
Symbol: Be
Atomic Number: 4
Date of Discovery: 1798
Discoverer: Fredrich Wohler
Name Origin: From the mineral beryl
Uses: spacecraft, missiles, aircraft
Obtained From: beryl, chrysoberyl
Name: Boron
Symbol: B
Atomic Number: 5
Date of Discovery: 1808
Discoverer: Sir Humphry Davy, J.L Gay-Lussac
Name Origin: From borax and carbon
Uses: heat resistant alloys
Obtained From: kernite
Name: Carbon
Symbol: C
Atomic Number: 6
Date of Discovery: Known to the ancients
Discoverer: Unknown
Name Origin: From the Latin carbo (coal)
Uses: steel, filters
Obtained From: burning with insufficient oxygen
Name: Nitrogen
Symbol: N
Atomic Number: 7
Date of Discovery: 1772
Discoverer: Daniel Rutherford
Name Origin: Greek
Uses: forms most of atmosphere
Obtained From: from liquid air
Name: Oxygen
Symbol: O
Atomic Number: 8
Date of Discovery: 1774
Discoverer: Joseph Priestly
Name Origin: From the Greek words oxus (acid) and gennan (generate)
Uses: supports life
Obtained From: from liquid air
Name: Fluorine
Symbol: F
Atomic Number: 9
Date of Discovery: 1886
Discoverer: Joseph Henri Moissan
Name Origin: From the Latin word fluo (flow)
Uses: Refrigerants
Obtained From: mineral fluorite
Name: Neon
Symbol: Ne
Atomic Number: 10
Date of Discovery: 1898
Discoverer: Sir William Ramsay
Name Origin: Form the Greek word neos (new)
Uses: lighting
Obtained From: liquid air
Name: Sodium
Symbol: Na
Atomic Number: 11
Date of Discovery: 1807
Discoverer: Sir Humphrey Davy
Name Origin: soda (Na2CO3)
Symbol Origin: From the Latin word natrium (sodium)
Uses: medicine, agriculture
Obtained From: table salts and other foods
Name: Magnesium
Symbol: Mg
Atomic Number: 12
Date of Discovery: 1808
Discoverer: Sir Humphrey Davy
Name Origin: Magnesia (City)
Uses: airplanes, missiles
Obtained From: sea water
Name: Aluminum
Symbol: Al
Atomic Number: 13
Date of Discovery: 1825
Discoverer: Hans Christian Oersted
Name Origin: From the Latin word alumen
Uses: airplanes, soda cans
Obtained From: bauxite
Name: Silicon
Symbol: Si
Atomic Number: 14
Date of Discovery: 1823
Discoverer: Jons Berzelius
Name Origin: From the Latin word silex (flint)
Uses: glass, semiconductors
Obtained From: Second most abundant element. Found in clay, granite, quartz, sand
Name: Phosphorus
Symbol: P
Atomic Number: 15
Date of Discovery: 1669
Discoverer: Hennig Brand
Name Origin: From the Greek words phôs (light) and phoros (bearer)
Uses: fertilizers, detergents
Obtained From: phosphate rock
Name: Sulfur
Symbol: S
Atomic Number: 16
Date of Discovery: Known to the ancients
Discoverer: Unknown
Name Origin: From the Latin word sulfur (brimstone)
Uses: matches, gunpowder, medicines
Obtained From: naturally
Name: Chlorine
Symbol: Cl
Atomic Number: 17
Date of Discovery: 1774
Discoverer: Carl Wilhelm Scheele
Name Origin: From the Greek word khlôros (green)
Uses: Water purification, bleaches
Obtained From: Salt
Name: Argon
Symbol: Ar
Atomic Number: 18
Date of Discovery: 1894
Discoverer: Sir William Ramsay
Name Origin: From the Greek word argon (inactive)
Uses: Lighting
Obtained From: air
Name: Potassium
Symbol: K
Atomic Number: 19
Date of Discovery: 1807
Discoverer: Sir Humphrey Davy
Name Origin: potash
Symbol Origin: From the Latin word kalium
Uses: glass, soap
Obtained From: minerals (carnallite)
Name: Calcium
Symbol: Ca
Atomic Number: 20
Date of Discovery: 1808
Discoverer: Sir Humphrey Davy
Name Origin: From the latin word calcis (lime)
Uses: life forms for bones and shells
Obtained From: chalk, limestone, marble. 3.5% of crust