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24 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Explain programmed instruction
directly related to behavioral psychology

Instructional Application:
1. Tutorial
2. Drill & Practice
3. Data-base Problem Solving
4. Simulation Programs
Social Studies
a composite subject area based on findings & processes drawn from the social science disciplines
Define idea
mental image thru conception
Define concept
cluster of related ideas with which we organize knowledge, experiences, & events we encounter
Describe the Expanding Horizons view of social studies
K-1= focus on family & self, draw pictures, show & tell

1-2= focus on community; visit fd, pd, post office, nurse or doctor's office

3= focus on city government or rural area

4= region; cultural regions or state history, national regions (NE, SE, W, MW)

5= focus on country, history or federal government

6= world history
Define generalization
a statement describes primary relationships among generated & repetitive phenomena
What is oral history?
passing down of stories or other info verbally
viewed the world in three ways, inactive, iconic, or symbolic

felt that every child could be successful given the appropriate teaching method
Name the 7 Core disciplines of social studies
Explain discovery/inquiry learning approach
new information as a result of learners efforts

students learn strategies to manipulate & process information; test hypothesis, apply conclusions

Bruner applies this approach with focus on intrinsic rather than extrinsic, takes responsibility for their own learning
believes the developmental process lags behind the learning process

children often complete task with help of teacher, peer etc. process of internalization

exact opposite of Piaget

Constuctivist theorist

Zone of Proximal Development-dif. btwn individual current level & his or her potential level of development
Describe Bruner's three views
ICONIC-learn concepts thru graphic or mental image

ENACTIVE-learn by doing

SYMBOLIC-child uses a symbol that represents a concept or verbal & written symbols that represent a certain culture
Describe Cultural Anthropology as a Core Discipline
the study of activities of the people, ideas held, things produced, culture
Describe Philosophy/Social Philosophy as a Core Discipline
why people live the way they do; the activities of shaping basic beliefs and dynamics of a group of people
What are the three theoretical schools of learning?
2.Cognitive Information Processing
3.Humanistic Psychology
Describe Economics as a Core Discipline
to learn activities of production, exchange, consumptions goods and services with in conflict of unlimited wants and limited resources; "supply & demand"
Describe Geography as a Core Discipline
to learn activities of human culture in interaction with natural environment factors
also involves "Cartology" the science of making maps
thinking about your own thinking
Describe Historians as a Core Discipline
learn activities of identifying & describing events of the past

look at primary & secondary sources
Describe Political Science as a Core Discipline
learn regulations & assignments of power through legal government
theories of cognitive development

SENSORIMOTOR- birth to 2; begin to develop motor skills

PRE-OPERATIONAL- 2-7; begin to use language, egocentric thought

CONCRETE OPERATIONAL- 7-11; begin to develop clear methods of thinking, better understand spatial relationships but bound to concrete world

FORMAL OPERATIONAL- 11-continue; think logically, systematically, think abstractly and causality & choice concepts
NCSS Ten Strands
2.Time,Continuity & Change
3.People, Places, and Environments
4.Individual Dev. & Identity
5.Individuals, Groups, & Institutions
6.Power, Authority, and Governance
7.Production, Distribution, and Consumption
8.Science, Technology, and Society
9.Global Connections
10.Civil Ideals & Practices
Desribe Sociology as a Core Discipline
learn activities of people in groups within a society, culture, and formal/informal institutions
What is Readability?
the quality of a reading material that makes it easy to read