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42 Cards in this Set

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135-145 mEq/L
Sodium (Na)
3.5- 5.0 mEq/L or 125-140 mEq/L
Potassium (K)
95- 108 mEq/L
Chloride (Cl)
4.5-5.5 mEq/L or 8.5- 10.0 mg/dL
Calcium (Ca)
1.8 - 2.5 mEq/L or 1.6 -2.5
Magnesium (Mg)
1.8 - 2.6 mEq/L or 2.5-4.5 mg/dL
Phosphate (PO4)
280 -300 mOsm/kg water
serum osmolality
95%-98%
O2 Saturation
-2 to +2
Base Excess BE
7.35-4.45
normal pH
35-45 mmHg
PaCO2
22-26 mmHg
HCO3
80-100 mmHg
PO2
1,400 -1,00 ml
urine output
350-450 ml
-lungs
-skin
100 mL
sweat
100-200 mL
feces
2,300 - 2,600 ml
total normal fluid output
1,200 -1,500 mL
oral fluid intake
1000 mL
water in in foods
200 mL
water as a by product of metabolism
2,400 -2,700 mL
normal fluid intake
below 135 mEq/L
hyponatremia
above 145 mEq/L
hyernatremia
below 90 mEq/L
hypochloremia
above 108 mEq/L
hyperchloremia
below 3.5 mEq/L
hypokalemia
above 5.0 mEq/L
hyperkalemia
above 10.0 mg/dL or 5.5 mEq/L
hypercalcemia
below 4.5 mEq/L or 8.5 mg/dL
hypocalcemia
above 2.5 mEq/L
hypermagnesimia
below 1.5 mEq/L
hypomagnesimia
below 2.5 mg/dL
hypophosphatemia
above 4.5 mg/dL
hyperphosphatemia
pH below 7.35 & a PCO2 above 45mmHg with a HCO3 within normal range is indicative of
respiratory acidosis
pH above 7.45 and a PCO2 below 35mmHg with a HCO3 within normal range is indicative of
respiratory alkalosis
pH above 7.45, PaCo2 within normal range and a HCO3 above 26mmHg is indicative of
metabolic alkalosis
pH below 7.35, PCO2 within normal range and HCO3 below 22mmHg is indicative of
metabolic acidosis
1.005 to 1.030
normal specific gravity of urine
500-800 mOsm/Kg
normal osmolality of urine
4.6 to 8.0
normal urine pH
6.8 to 7.8
normal blood pH