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10 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Causes of Hypercalcemia
> 10.2
Hyperparathyroidism & parathyroid tumors, Paget's disease of the bone, multiple myeloma, metastatic cancer
Causes of Hypocalcemia
< 8.2
Hypoparathyroidism, total parathyroidectomy, Cushing syndrome, renal failure
Causes of Hyperchloremia
> 108
Severe dehydration, complete renal shutdown, head injury (producing neurogenic hyperventilation)
Causes of Hypochloremia
< 100
May result from low sodium & potassium levels due to prolonged vomiting, gastric suctioning, intestinal fistula, or chronic renal failure
Causes of Hyperkalemia
> 5
Burn or crush injuries, diabetic ketoacidosis, transfusions of large amounts of blood
Causes of hypokalemia
< 3.5
Cushing syndrome, long term diuretic therapy, vomiting, or diarrhea
Causes of hypermagnesemia
> 2.1
Renal failure, magnesium administration or ingestion adrenal insufficiency
Causes of hypomagnesemia
< 1.3
Chronic alcoholism, malabsorbtion syndrome, diarrhea, acute pancreatitis
Causes of hypernatremia
> 145
Inadequate water intake, diabetes insipidus, impaired renal failure
Causes of hyponatremia
< 135
Inadequate sodium intake or excess sodium loss due to profuse sweating, GI suctioning, diuretic therapy, diarrhea, vomiting, burns