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5 Cards in this Set

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What is the normal distribution & function of sodium?
Extracellular, provides osmotic forces to maintain interstitial fluid water balance = indicator of overall fluid balance
What is the normal distribution & function of potassium?
Intracellular, provides osmotic forces to maintain H2O balance in intracellular fluid, PLASMA levels may NOT reflect total body levels. Imbalances affect excitable membranes (heart/CNS), N kidney reqd for N K+.
What is the normal distribution & function of Calcium?
highly protein bound, plasma levels vary with ALB, but IONIZED levels may be constant;
FXN: neuromm, heart, cell membrane, coagulation
What is the normal distribution & function of CHLORIDE?
Extracellular, levels inversely related to HCO3 (via renal regulation)
What is the normal distribution & function of BICARB?
Buffer, level inversely related to Cl-