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37 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Sodium mEq/L
136-145
Chloride mEq/L
98-106
Potassium
3.5-5
Total Calcium
9-10.5
Ionized free serum Calcium
4.5-5.6
Magnesium
1.3-2.1
Phosphate serum phosphorus
3-4.5
What it does: sodium
maintain acid-base balance

Natriuretic peptides increase Na+ and water excretion

shift triggers vol. change

involved in muscle contraction
What it does:chloride
ECF osmolality

affects body pH

Passive transport follows; Na+
What it does: Potassium
regulate cell excitability
What it does:Phosphorus
Ca+ and P are indirectly related
What it does: total Ca+
Aids in coagulation

maintain shape of cell memb.
What it does:Magnesium
40% -60% stored in bone

Regulate by kidneys

important in nerve impulse
and transmission

Aids in protein synthesis
Sodium symptoms hyper
restlessness

increase thirst
Sodium symptoms hypo
weakness

sleepiness

behavior change

decreased tendon reflexes
treatment Na+ hyper
push fluids

inspect for edema
treatment Na+ hypo
fluid restriction
Cl- sym. hypo
hypoventilation

confusion

tetany

restlessness
Cl- sym hyper
hyperventilation

decrease cardiac output

peripheral vasodialation
Cl- treatment hypo
increase NaCl

seizure precautions
Cl- treatment hyper
give NaHCo3

give IV fluids

Monitor consciousness/respiratory status
Potassium sym. hypo
constipaton

muscle weakness

cramps

decrease in tendon reflexes

postural hypotension
K+ sym. hyper
hyperactive bowel sounds

fatigue

numbness

tingling of tongue, feet, or hands
K+ treatment hypo
replace K+ orally or IV
K+ treatment hyper
Kayxelate

dialysis
P sym. hypo
decreased oxygen transbort by RBCs

dysfunctions in WBCs

affect nerve/muscle function
P sym. hyper
same as those of hypocalcemia
P treatment hypo
give phosphorus salts

not life threatening
P treatment hyper
dialysis

give aluminum OH-
Ca+ sym. hypo
paraesthesias

brittle nails

trousseau signs
Ca sym. hyper
cardiac arrest

polyuria
Ca treatment hypo
give Ca++
Ca treatment hyper
meds for bone pain

laxatives
Mg+ sym hypo
neuromuscular irritability

swallowing difficulties

tremors

hyperrelixa

depression

cardiac arrhythmias
Mg+ sym hyper
increase sweat

hypotension

muscle weakness
Mg+ treatment hypo
give oral/IV Mg++
Mg+ treatment hyper
give fluids/duretics/ Ca+ gluconate