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16 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Who did Southerners attack for the tariff of 1828?
Despite Martin Van Buren and the Jacksonians playing the major role in enacting the tariff, they blamed Adams because of his support of higher tariffs and his position on native American land rights in Georgia and other Southern states.
What happened over the treaty that had been signed between U.S. commissioners and a faction of the Creek people in 1825?
The Creek National Council declared the treaty fraudulent and therefore not binding. Adams supported the Indians' position and ordered new negotiations. Georgia's governor, George M. Troup, vowed to take the lands by force and attacked the president as a "public enemy." Resistance in Georgia and sentiment in Congress to get rid of Creek land titles caused Adams to back down. By 1828 most Creeks had left Georgia; Adams alienated white planters without even succeeding in protecting Native American land rights.
Adams payed little attention to his waning popularity and failed to employ patronage-What is patronage?
Patronage is the rewarding of supporters by awarding them positions in government.
In 1828, Adams "stood" for Election. What quote of his displays this attitude?
"If my country wants my services, she must ask for them."
What role did Martin Van Buren play in the Election of 1828?
Beginning in 1827 he constructed the first national campaign organization. He allied with Virginia politicians, recreating the old "Jeffersonian" coalition, uniting farmers and artisans(The "Plain Republicans of the North") with southern slaveowners who had voted for Jefferson and Monroe.
What role did Calhoun play in the Election of 1828?
He was Jackson's semi-official running-mate and brought his supporters from S. Carolina to Van Buren's party.
Where did Jackson gather his *personal* electoral support?
Tenessee and Kentucky
What role did state leaders play in the Election of 1828?
1)They orchestrated newspaper campaigns
2)Mobilized groups to run mass meetings, torchlit parades, and barbecues
What forms of negative campaigning did Jackson's supporters employ?
1)They attacked the "Corrupt Bargain" with Clay
2)They accused Adams of(as minister to Russia) trying to persuade an American girl to become the tsar's mistress.(False by the way ;) )
Jackson drew support from this aspect of his character.
He was a self-made man without influential parents, high education, or political intrigue.
Nicknamed: Old Hickory
What names did Jackson's party take on during the campaign?
Initially they were the Democratic-Republicans, but later separated themselves as the Democrats.
Jackson's hostility to special privileges for business corporations and to Clay's American System gained him support from who?
Small farmers and property holders who resented state subsidies to the rich or "connected."
Jackson's mistrust of banks and "monied aristocrats" drew support from who?
Urban workers and artisans who felt threatened by industrialization and the spread of the market system.
Jackson's hostility to natives drew support from who?
White farmers in the Southeast who wanted to force Indians to go West.
The active Democratic approach to the election caused far more people to vote than in 1824. The percent of eligible voters rose from what to what?
It rose from 25% in 1824 to 50+% in 1828
Jackson was the first president to what?
He was the first president to be born in the Trans-Appalachian West; Daniel Webster warned when Jackson took presidency that he would "bring a breeze with him. Which way it will blow, I cannot tell. . . My fear is stronger than my hope."