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21 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
List 7 kinds of Semantic Change.
1. Generalization
2. Specialization
3. Amelioration
4. Pejoration
5.Transfer of Meaning
6. Morphological Merging
7. Reinterpretation & Folk Etymology.
Generalization
When a word becomes more general in meaning.
"Holiday" once meaning "holy day" is an example of:
Generalization
The fact that "picture" once only referred to paintings is an example of
Generalization
"Companion" once meaning someone you share bread with is an example of:
Generalization
Specialization
When a word becomes more specific in meaning.
The fact that "meat" used to mean food in general and now means the flesh of animals is an example of:
Specialization
The fact that "liqueur" used to refer to any liquid is an example of:
Specialization
Amelioration
When words take on a more positive meaning.
The fact that "knight" used to mean "a slave" is an example of:
Amelioration
The fact that "jolly" used to mean arrogant or lustful is an example of:
Amelioration
The fact that "fond" used to mean "crazy" is an example of:
Amelioration
Pejoration
When words take on more negative meanings.
The fact that "vulgar" used to mean "of the people" is an example of:
Pejoration
The fact that "awful" used to mean "full of awe" is an example of:
Pejoration
The fact that "discriminate" used to mean "to make distinctions" is an example of:
Pejoration
The fact that "undertaker" used to be anyone you undertook a task is an example of:
Pejoration
Euphemisms often under go what form of semantic change?
Pejoration
The fact that "bead" was the O.E. word for prayer and came to mean the the things used to count prayers is an example of:
Transfer of Meaning
Changes in technology at the vocabulary that follows (ex. horsepower, spaceSHIP, etc.) are examples of:
Transfer of Meaning
Morphological Merging
When 2 words are merged and for awhile maintain both meanings, but eventually drop one of the original meanings.