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33 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Name of the Nine Charateristics of organisms?
1-organisms are made of one or more cells
2-Oragnisms move
3-Organisms respond to changes in thier environment
4-Organisms use energy
5-Organisms adjust to changes in thier environment
6-Organisms reproduce
7-Organisms grow and develop
8-Organisms adapt
9-Organisms have life spans
What is the main source of energy for all organisms?
What are the raw materials that organisms use and how are they used?
water,oxygen, and minerals; they are used and then returned to the environment to be used over and over again
What is water important?
living things are made up of 70% water they need to maintain this level to survive
Francesco Redi
Italian Doctorconducted one of the first controlled experimants is scined
he showed that maggots hatch from eggs
Lazzaro Spallanzani
designed an experiment to show that tiny organisms came form other tiny orgainism
Louis Pasteur?
A french chemist; showed that living things do not come from nonliving materials
Life Science is?
The study of living things
Basic Chemistry is?
the study of matter of which things are made
Earth Science?
the study of planet earth
What do botanists study?
What do zoologists study?
What do Ecologist study?
who study how living things interact with each other and thier environment
What is Genetics?
explains how triats of organism are passed from generation to generation
What is the Scientific Method?
The form of a series of procedures
Steps of the Scientific Method?
1-Indentify the Problem
2-Collect Information
3-Suggest hypothesis
4-Design an experiement
5-Carry out the experiement
6-Analyze Data
7-Draw Conclusions
8-Hypothesis supported or not
What is a hypothesis?
is a prediction that can be tested
What is a variable?
is the factor tested in an experiement
What is the control?
is the standard used to campare with the outcome of a test
What is in a conclusion?
is a logical answer to a question based on data and observations
A theory
is an explanation of things or events based on many ovservations
Theories can be changed as new data uncover new information
A Law
is a reliable description of nature based on many observations
Law may change as more information becomes known
What is Critical Thinking?
is a process that used certain skills to solve problems
What does SI Stand for?
international system of units; is based on certain units;using the same system gives scientists a common knowledge
What is technology?
is applied science or ths use of scientific knoweledge to solve everyday problems or improve the quality of life
is the study of how organisms interct with each other and the environement
Zacharia Janssen
maker of reading glasses; put two magnifying glasses together in a tube the result was the first crude microscope
Anton Van Leeuwenhoek
Dutch Scintist; made a simple microscope with tiny glass bead for lens
What is a compound light microscope?
lets light pass through an object and the through two or more lenses
Transmission Electron Microscope TEM
Which is used to study parts inside a cell
What is a scanning electron Microscope SEM
is used to the surface of whold objectts
Who is Robert Hooke
An English Scientist; An made a very thin slice of cork and looked at it under his microscope
Who is Matthias Schleiden
A German Scientist used a microscope to study plant parts; Cocnluded that plants were made of cells