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60 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Denotative Meaning
The dictionary meaing for a word
Connotative Meaning
The Suggested meaning of the word
Thesaurus
A book of synonyms
Concreate words
Words that refer to tangible objects
Abstract words
Words that refer to ideas or concepts
Clutter
Discourse that takes many more words than are necessary to express an idea
Imagery
The use of vivid language to create mental images of obects, actions or ideas
Simile
An explicit comparison introduced with the words "like" or "as" between things that are essentially different yet have something in common
Cliche
A trite or overused expression
Metaphor
An implicit comparison not introduced withthe words "like" or "as" Between to two thing that are differnet yet have something in common
Rhythm
The patterb of sound in a speech created by the choice and arrangement of words
Parallelism
The similar arrangement of a pair or series of related words, phrases or sentences

ie: "One hundred years ago"
Repetition
Repeting the same thing over and over again
Alliteration
Repetiotn of the initial condonant sound of close or adjioning words
Antithesis
The juxtaposition of contrasting ideas, usually in parrallel structure
Inclusive language
Language that does not stereotype, demean or patronize people on the basis of gender, race, religion, disbility, or sexual orientation
Generic
The use of "he" to refer to both women and men
How does language help shape our sense of reality?
Helps shape reality becaus eit gives us the same definition for words
What is the difference between denotative and Connotative meaning?
Denotative = Dictionary Definition

Connotative= Implied/feeling meaning
How might you use both denotative and connotative meanings to convey your message effectivly?
connotative stirs up listeners emotions, rally them to a cause.
dennotative can be used when speaking on a controversial topic.
What are the four criteria for using language effectivly in your speeches?
1.Accurately
2.Clearly
3.Vividly
4.Appropriately
What are three things you should do to use language clearly in your speeches?
1. Use words that are known to the average listener.
2. Use more concreate then abstract words.
3. eliminate verbal clutter
What are two ways to bring your speech to life with vivid, animated language?
1.vivid: use imagry or creation of words pictures
2.exploting the rhythm of language
What does it mean to say you should use language appropriately in your speech?
Means adapting to the particular occasion
Why is it important for a speaker to use inclusive language?
More likly to succeed, have been so widly accepted that can not afford to ignore them, ie:"he" when refering to men or women.
What are five uses of inclusive language which have become so widely accepted that no speaker can afford to ignore them?
1.Avioding the generic
2.refraining from stereotyping jobs or social roles by gender
3.advioding identifing personal traits that are unrelated to the topic
4.using names tghat groups use to identify them selves
5.Dropiing the use of "man" when refering to men and women
Non-verbal Communication
Communication based on persons use of vioce and body instead of their use of words
Manuscript speech
Speech written word for word and then read to the audience
Impromptu speech
B.S. Speech...Speech delivered with little or no preparation
Extemporanous Speech
Speech presented from an outline or breif set of notes, well prepared
Conversational Quality
Presenting a speech so it sounds spontaneous no matter how many how many times it has been rehersed
Volume
The loudness or softness of the speaker's vioce
Pitch
The highness or lowerness of the speaker's vioce
Inflection
Change in pitch or tone
Monotone
No change on pitch or tone
Rate
The speed at which a person speaks
Pause
Momentary break in vocal delivery
Vocalized Pause
a pause that has fillders such as uh, um, well,
Vocal variety
changes in rate,pitch or volume that give the vioce variety and expressiveness
pronunciation
Standard of sound and rhythm that is accepted for words in a given language. How a word is supposed to sound
Articulation
ability to form words and sentenses so what you are saying is understood
dialect
The way a person talks
Kinesics
The study of body motion as a systematic mode of communication
gestures
Motion of hands or arms during a speech
eye contact
Direct visual contact with another person during a speech
What is non-verbal communication
Body language and vioce
Why is non-verbal communication important to effective public speaking
Can not have a good speecfh wothout knowing how to say what you want the audience to know
What are the elements of good speech delivery
conveys speakers ideas clearly, interestingly, and without distracting the audience
what are the eight aspects of voice usage you should concentrate on in your speeches
1. volume
2. pitch
3. rate
4. pauses
5. vocal variety
6. pronunciation
7. articulation
8. dialect
what are four aspects of bodily action you should concentrate on during your speech
1. personal appearence
2. movement
3. eye contact
4. gestures
What are the five steps you should follow when practicing your speech delivery
1. go through preparation out-line out load
2. prepare speaking out-line
3. Practice speech out load using only the speech out-line
4. Polish and refine delivery
5. Give speech dress rehersal
What steps should you take when preparing a questions-answer session?
1. Take it as seriously as the speech it self
2. work out answers to possible questions
3. practice delivery of answers
What should you concentrate on when responding to question during the question - answer session
concentrate on keeping your answers breif
persuation
The process of creating, reinforceing or changing people's beliefs or actions
mental dialogue with the audience
The mental give-and-take between a speaker and the listener during a pursuasive speech
target audience
The portion of the entire audience the speaker most wants to pursuade
question of fact
The question of the truth or falsity of an asseration
question of value
Question about the worth, rightness, of an idea or action
question of policy
Question of whether a course of action should or should not be taken
speech to gain passive agreement
To convice the audience that a policy is disirable without encouraging the audience to take action to support the policy