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20 Cards in this Set

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irrigation
Canals and ditches to bring water to the fields
silt
loose, rich soil that is carried by water
hieroglyphics
Egyptian writing system

Over 800 picture/signs that each stand for a picture or sound
scribe
Specially trained writers of hieroglyphics
papyrus
A reed plant that grow along the Nile

Pressed to make paper
Rosetta Stone
A stone with three languages written on it

Was used to understand hieroglyphics
Pharaoh
A ruler of Egypt

means "great palace"
dynasty
a group of rulers from the same family
mummification
process of preserving the dead
social pyramid
a triangle shaped chart that shows the rank of people in society
pyramid
tomb, burial place for the pharaoh
shaduf
tool used to lift water from the Nile into irrigation canals
natron
substance found in ancient Egypt (mostly salt)

Used to dry out the body during mummification
unified (unification)
joined together as one

Upper Egypt and Lower Egypt were unified and the double crown was designed
White crown
Upper Egypt
Red crown
Lower Egypt
Ra
The Sun god

The most important god - gave life to the earth and power to the pharaoh
First pyramid was built for
Pharaoh Zoser
The Great Pyramid was built for
Pharaoh Khufu
delta
flat, fertile land at the mouth of a river (fertile because of silt)

fan shaped