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115 Cards in this Set

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Solid elevated lesion smaller than 5mm in diameter
Papule
A solid elevated lesion larger than > 5mm in diameter and extending into deep tissue.
Nodule
Accumulations of fluid between the layers of skin that are larger than 5mm diameter
Bulla
A vesicle or bullae filled with pus.
Pustule
Hyperplasia and thickening of all the skin layers
Lichenification
Loss of epidermis and papillary layer of the dermis.
Ulcer
Cleavage of the epidermis and extending into the dermis
Fissure
An area of skin indurated from underlying interstitial inflammation
Sclerosis
A plate of dried serum, blood, pus or sebum on the surface of the skin
Crust
Elevated and irregular growths
vegetation
Is the most common diseased organ causing clubbing of the nails
COPD
Is the cause of a red lunule in the nail
cardiac failure
Is the cause of azure-blue lunule of the nails
Wilson's disease
Name given to a transverse indentation in the nail plate from a severe illness
Beau's lines
Concave nails associated with iron deficiency
koilonychia
Diagnostic significance of chalky white nails
normal finding
cause of yellow-brown thick nail plates
Fungus
Cause of large hemorrhage under the nails
trauma
cause of a very painful, round, red or violet spot under the nail plate
Glomus Tumor
Muscles of mastication
CN 5 Trigeminal
Eye cannot turn to the nasal side`
CN 3 Occulomotor
eye cannot turn down and in
CN 4 Trochlear
eye cannot turn to the temporal side
CN 6 Abducens
cannot shrug the shoulder strongly
CN 11 Spinal Accessory
Cannot taste in the Anterior 2/3 of the tongue
CN 7 Facial
cannot taste in the posterior 2/3 of the tongue
CN 9 Glossopharyngeal
Cannot push the tongue straight out of the mouth
CN 12 Hypoglossal
Elevates the uvula
CN 10 Vagus
One use a Q-tip to evert which eyelid for inspection
Upper
Synonym for an internal sty
Chalazion
Pathologic condition that causes serious complications
Pterygium
Circular band of golden brown pigment
Kayser-Fleischer ring
Physiologic cup in the eye is absent in:
Papilledema
Microaneurysms around the macula indicate:
Diabetes Mellitus
Cotton wool exudates in the retina indicate:
hypertension
Physiologic cup in the eye is accentuated in:
Glaucoma
Cranial nerve affecting the gag reflex and uvula:
CN 10 Vagus
Cause of constant and intermittent headache, with progressive increasing frequency & duration, changing from the customary individual headache pattern:
tumor
Name of a headache that is brief, severe usually unilateral, occurs several times a day or for several weeks, with long remissions between attacks:
CLUSTER
Name of headache that is severe, usually unilateral, and is often accompanied by nausea, emesis, and is inherited as a remissive gene 70% of the time:
Migraine
Physiologic cup of the eye is obliterated:
Papilledema
Herald patch with satellite lesions:
Pityriasis rosea
Dark chocolate waxy exudate:
seborrheic keratosis
Irregularly shaped white patches of skin:
Vitiligo
Fever blister anywhere on the body:
herpes
Cause of an acute generalized headache, throbbing or constant accompanied by fever and a stiff neck:
Temporal Arteritis
Small splinter hemorrhages under the nail plate are caused by:
subacute bacterial endocarditis
Silver scales that bleed when scraped off?
Psoriasis
Multicolored, irregular shaped, ulcerated lesions:
Melanoma
Contagious staph / strep pediatric skin infection:
Impetigo
Reddish rash on the face and over the cheeks:
Systemic Lupus Eerythematous
Deep infection of sebaceous glands:
Acne cystica
Blisters that show a positive Nikolsky sign:
Pemphigus Vulgaris
Irregularly shaped white patches of skin found in the mouth:
Leukoplakia
Appear like broccoli flowerets:
Verruca Vulgaris
The name given to concave nails and the vitamin deficiency that causes it:
Spoon nails and B12 (iron too)`
Fungal infection in the groin area:
Tinea Cruris
Target shaped lesions:
erythema multiform
Yellow deposits around the eyelids:
xanthelasma
boils:
carbuncles
Throbbing earache accompanies:
Suppurative Otitis media
The eardrum in serous otitis media can be either:
bulging or retracted
True / False:

Macular degenerqation leads to total blindness:
FALSE
True / False

Retinal detachment is a 24 hour emergency:
TRUE
True / False

Scurvy can develop if a mega dose of vitamin c is cut off suddenly.
TRUE
Cover / uncover test is for:
Strabismus
Cherry red macula indicates:
Retinal Artery occlusion
Flame hemorrhage in retina:
hypertension
Cause of yellow (not yellow brown) thick nails:
Decreased lymph flow
TRUE / FALSE

Pinguecula leads to vision deficit
FALSE
Nasal polyps are sen where?
Middle meatus
Hepatolenticular degeneration:
Blue lunula
When you do Hirshbrungs? you checking for:
Strabismus
Cup of the eye is inverted inside out:
papilledema
Cup is accentuated:
Glaucoma
Patient with anhydrosis, myosis, and ptosis:
Horner's
Kolionychia can be caused by:
fungus, iron deficiency, anemia, syphilis
In children, to look in the ear, you pull the pinna ____________.
down
Clubbing of nails is measured at:
160 degrees
TRUE / FALSE

Accommodation is the same as converging.
FALSE
Serous Otitis Media:
bubbles and an amber color fluid
Carotenemia and jaundice:
yellow conjunctiva
TRUE / FALSE

Uvula deviates away from lesions, the tongue deviates towards the lesion.
TRUE
The most common cause of loss of teeth is:
poor dental hygiene and lack of scaling
TRUE / FALSE

Lymph nodes are tender in Hodgkin's disease.
False
TRUE / FALSE

Lymph Nodes are tender in Tuberculosis:
FALSE
TRUE / FALSE

Lymph nodes are suppurative in Hodgkin's disease.
FALSE
Lymph nodes are suppurative in tuberculosis.
FALSE
conjunctivitis, urethritis, arthritis:
Reiter's Syndrome
Yellow bees wax exudate, not contagious
Seborrheic dermatits
Associated with comedones but no cysts
acne vulgaris
looks like acne but no comedones:
rosacea
disease associated with a cottage cheese type exudate:
Candida Albicans, thrush, moniliasis
exudate smells like rotten cheese
Epydermoid cyst (wen)
looks like broccoli
verruca vulgaris
highly invasive, rapid growing "rodent ulcer"
squamous cell carcinoma
slow growing, not as invasive "rodent ulcer"
basal cell carcinoma
has oyster shell colored exudate
molluscum contagiousum
has positibe FTA-ABS test
Syphilis
purple-blue cancer on the skin
Kaposi's sarcoma
small blisters on the lips and tongue
hemorrhagic telangiectasia
dark brown freckles on buccal muscosa and lips
Puetz-Jeghers syndrome
Rash on palms and soles of feel
syphilis
Dialated pupil
Myadriasis
meiosis
small or constricted pupil
anisocopin
unequal pupil size
red eye reflex
normal color of papillary light reflex
Tonic or adie's pupil
very slow to react to light
Argyll - Robertson pupil
associated with syphillis, tabes dorsalis, paresis
accommodation
when one can focus from far to near
when axis' of the eyes come together
convergence
eyelid is turned inward
entropion
eyelid is turned outward
ectropion
tympanic membrane is perforated and draining, pressure is released, blood and pus drains
Chronic Otitis media
abnormal collection of vessels than look like a spider
spider hemangioma