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11 Cards in this Set

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Social Darwinist, believed that education should be based on necessary activities that sustain survival, he emphasized science, math and technology and was against public schools
Spencer
People should be empowered to resist and overcome forces that oppressed them; students must study their lives to raise their consciousness; teachers should have awareness of power relationships in schools and conditions that affect their schools
Freire
Believed in empiricism- that everything was learned from birth through sensation and newborns' minds were like blank slates; believed all persons possessed inalienable rights of life, liberty and property
Locke
Was an idealist- spiritually based reality; teacher should be sensitive to child's needs and be very respectable (have high moral standards). He brought up the idea of kindergarten.
Froebel
Created pansophism, which emphasized sensorty learning; believed that universally shared knowledge would generate a love of wisdom that would overcome ethnic/relgious hatreds and create world peace; wanted teachers to be gentle and loving and materials should be appropriate to age and development
Comenius
Believed children view the world very different from adults, yet their view is always changing as they learn more and reconnect new knowledge and understanding to old concepts (stages of cognitive development); believed one cannot force learning on children and the teacher's classroom should be rich with stimulating information
Piaget
Believed in respecting children's freedom and learning through sensation; believed society corrupted children and curriculum should center on children's interests and needs
Rousseau
Believed everyone should have an opportunity for education; children have an inner need to work at what interests them
Montessori
Believed schools should be closely connected with society for sake of politics; emphasized scientific method; schools should allow children to test all ideas, and it should be available to all
Dewey
Wanted schools that were like a famiy and nurtured children's development; the teacher should be skilled and loving
Pestalozzi
Emphasized learning for immigrants, urban and women; schools should ideally be multifunctional, creating new sense of community; feminist
Addams