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50 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
How will systematic, intentional observation help you as a teacher?
It will guide teaching and ensure all children are learning.
When planning for observation, what is a good guide to follow?
Consider who, what, when, where, how, and set a goal
Which of the following is not a characteristic of authentic assessment?
Creates a high-stakes process for accountability
What is the purpose for screening?
Screening identifies particular needs of children so they may be tentatively placed, referred, and additionally tested, as necessary.
You are having a conference with Marianne’s parents and as you prepare, you pull out an assessment item to review ahead of time. In December, Marianne created her first letter to her grandmother “I L U” (I love you) surrounded by illustrated purple and pink hearts. You note the difference in how she writes now in March “Bnns R m FT FD” (Bananas are my favorite food) and compare this with what she did in early October (she drew pictures; her name was the only writing). “Yes,” you think, “Marianne’s parents will be excited over this documentation!” What type of assessment will you share with Marianne’s parents?
Portfolio assessment
What is the purpose of general screening instruments such as the DIAL-3 and the BRIGANCE® K & 1 Screen?
To provide general information for grouping and planning strategies without special training for the evaluators
Why will standardized assessment continue in early childhood education?
Because accountability and reform continue to be required in early childhood education
What areas are tested by four 15-minute standardized assessment batteries in the Head Start National Reporting System (HSNRS)?
Verbal comprehension, vocabulary, letter naming, and early math
Which of the following statements is true about the intent of developmentally appropriate assessment in early childhood education?
Assessment is an ongoing process designed to promote, support, extend, and enrich children’s learning.
Which statement below is not true about portfolio assessments?
Artifacts included in the portfolio connect to district and state standards and goals.
What are the most outstanding developmental milestones of the infant/toddler years?
Walking and rapid language development
Which of the following is crucial to the formation of neural connections that nurture typical development and behavior in children?
The right experiences at the right times
Which of the following plays the most significant role in the development of social and emotional relationships in infants and toddlers?
Bonding and attachment
Identify the statement that best shows how children develop motor skills.
Motor development matures from gross to fine motor behaviors in a sequence: from head to foot and from the central part of the body to the extremities.
Which of the following are most characteristic of the six Piagetian sensorimotor stages of cognitive development?
Reflexive action, circular response, object permanency, experimentation, and representational intelligence
Which theories play into language development in infants and toddlers, according to your text?
Maturationist and environmental theories
What is motherese or parentese?
A distinctive way of adapting speech to children, such as short and clear sentences, expanding on what children say, or using repetitions
What is the most important concept that a teacher of infants and toddlers should understand about developing programs?
Developmentally appropriate practice
How does developing cultural sensitivity assist in the care of young children?
Children and families are not all the same and may differ with child care policy or practice.
What does the concept of “responsive relationships” mean when used in the context of infant and toddler curriculum development?
All dimensions of infant and toddler curricula are based on being responsive to the needs and interests of each infant and toddler.
In the past, what was preschools’ focus in preparation for kindergarten?
To help socialize children and enhance social development
According to your text, how have preschool-age children changed over time?
They are experiencing more stress and trauma from divorce, more years of child care before preschool, and more television and technology.
Which physical motor characteristics are essential in the preschool?
Locomotion and fine-motor activities
Ms. Palmer recently changed her nature learning center because she noticed that while outdoors, children were watching the birds carry around bits and pieces of grass and twigs. The center now contains three bird nests, small blue-speckled broken egg shells, twigs, feathers, dried insects, seeds, children’s books, magnifying glasses, clipboards, paper, pencils, and crayons. Each natural bird-related item is sealed in a heavy-duty clear plastic bag and cannot be opened (Ms. Palmer is concerned about the health and safety of children at all times). Children choose to visit the center, use magnifying glasses, conduct observational drawings, browse the related children’s books, and make hypotheses about the birds and nests. In which of Erikson’s psychosocial development stages are Ms. Palmer’s preschool children involved?
Generativity versus stagnation
What are a few of the characteristics of young children who are in the preoperational stage of development?
They are incapable of reversible mental action in their thinking, they are unable to conserve, and they are egocentric.
According to your text, which is the most important readiness skill?
Independence
According to your text, which of the following cultural dimensions influence children’s school readiness?
Parental beliefs and social conventions about early learning
According to your text, what is at the heart of the preschool program?
Play
What is supported and developed by social play?
Social, behavioral, and ethical aspects
What is the best statement below that demonstrates the purpose of learning centers in the preschool?
Learning centers are implemented to address social and emotional skills’ development.
What was so revolutionary about Froebel’s ideas about the kindergarten?
He educated young children in a group outside the home environment using child-centered methods with play-based learning materials, songs, and activities.
One day, a small group of kindergarten children discussed creating a project to build a bird feeder for outside the preschool classroom window since the preschoolers were learning about birds. After conferring with their teacher, Ms. Dill, children worked together to create a drawing of the feeder, solved problems, and ultimately reached consensus on the building plan and materials needed. Ms. Dill and the children made a list after checking the woodworking center for the necessary materials. They devised a plan for replenishing missing pieces for the next day in order to build the bird feeder. In which of Erikson’s psychosocial development stages do Ms. Dill’s kindergarten children appear to be?
Generativity versus stagnation
What is most characteristic of kindergarten today?
Public school kindergarten is the new first grade, a time for serious learning, high expectations, and accomplishment.
According to your text, why is there more testing in kindergarten than in the past?
The accountability movement and recognition that district testing in the third grade (and earlier) does put more emphasis on what kindergarten children should learn.
According to your text, which is most characteristic of kindergarten environments?
A room organized for interactions and learning: tables, learning materials, and learning stations
According to the text, which is the best way to approach literacy instruction in the kindergarten?
Phonics approach
Ms. Ortiz shared a favorite big book, Silly Sally by Audrey Wood, with her class. She discussed the cover by reading the title and noted that the author is also the illustrator. Ms. Ortiz previewed the book by sharing a few pages with children: “Hmmm, I wonder what happens here?” she asked when Neddie Buttercup showed up. She asks for predictions from children and after jotting a few of them down, she read the book in its entirety, stopping for a few vocabulary and comprehension checks. As Ms. Ortiz read to the children, she pointed to the words with a special pointer, making sure to have one-to-one correspondence, especially in the repetitive phrase, “walking backwards, upside down!” After reading, she asked questions and encouraged participation. Later, she reread the book and also extended the book by asking deeper questions. What reading strategy is Ms. Ortiz using with her kindergarten children?
Shared reading
Which of the following is the best description of a developmentally appropriate social studies curriculum?
Child centered: It begins with who the children are and where they are geographically.
Which one of the following is not identified in your text as an assessment tool currently misused for high-stakes kindergarten testing?
IQ testing
What do research studies that compare age and school effects suggest?
Developmentally appropriate educational intervention contributes more to children’s cognitive competence than maturation.
Which of the following is most descriptive of what guiding behavior is all about?
Developmental guidance
Which of the following is one strategy teachers use to guide behavior in the zone of proximal development?
Scaffolding
Alexandra, a five-year-old preschooler, is painting an A-B pattern on two-inch tiles that several parents created for the class by gluing them on boards. Alexandra checked her work and said, “Purple, yellow, purple, yellow; I need purple!” She began painting the next tile. Which strategy is Alexandra using to intentionally regulate her behavior?
Adult-child interaction
What is the primary means of guiding behavior in Parental Effectiveness Training (PET) and Teacher Effectiveness Training (TET)?
Communication
Which of the following is not a part of Teacher Effectiveness Training?
You Messages
When Mr. James notices that children are fully engaged in their work, he acknowledges their work by speaking to each individual child. “You are working hard on your design, LeEllen!” and “My, you’ve spent a lot of time making sure you got the details in your observational drawing, Josh!” What is Mr. James promoting through his acknowledgements?
Internal locus of control
In your textbook, which of the following is described in your textbook as a developmentally appropriate way that helps typically developing children build responsible behavior?
Provide choices
What is the overall goal for guiding children’s behavior?
Responsibility
Which of the following are identified in your text as key ways to establish appropriate expectations?
Set limits and develop classroom rules
What are teachers doing when they demonstrate respect for others in their actions?
Modeling socially appropriate behavior