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66 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What are characteristics of older books?
The books are smaller
They are "readers": meant to teach reading
There is a very formal arrangment: one type of font
They have easy to read words
They talk about everyday things
The characters are white and make up traditional families
What are characteristics of newer books?
There is more print/text
Illustrations are emphasized
There are different techniques for illustrations
The arrangement is informal
The books are glossy/pretty
There is mixed media
What three things really affected children's literature?
The industrial revolution
The printing press
Required schooling
What were the 3 types of early books?
Describe them.
Hornbook: covering made of horn, wood. Instructional purposes
Battledore: Cheaper to make, made of cardboard. Instructional purposes.
Chapbooks: Cheap, made of paper, focus on entertainment. Chaps sold these books on the streets.
What is one way to categorize children's lit?
Prose (narratives) vs. Verse (poetry)
What is the second way to categorize children's lit?
By genre
How many genres are there?
8
Describe the picturebook genre
It is the only genre based on format (how it looks inside)
Define the folklore genre
Give examples
Stories passed down from oral tradition (no known author)
Examples are tall tales, fables, and fairy tales
Define the fantasy genre
Give examples
Stories that couldn't happen in real life
Science fiction is included
Define realistic fiction
Stories that could happen in real life
Define historical fiction
Give examples
Stories set in the past
Examples include stories about wars, slavery, Holocaust, Gold Rush, etc.
Define poetry
Give examples
Expressive language told in short verses
Examples include haiku, nursery rhymes, concrete poetry
Define biographies
Give examples
An account of someone's life
Examples include autobiographies and memoirs
Define nonfiction
Give examples
Facts about the real world
Examples include space, electricity, oceans, etc
List the 8 Genres
Poetry
Folklore
Fantasy
Realistic Fiction
Historical Fiction
Biography
Nonfiction
Picture books
What are the 6 milestones in the history of children's lit before 1800?
It started with oral tradition.
Then the printing press was invented in 1440 which made books cheaper and more available.
Early books came out in the 1500s, usually meant for instruction.
Comenius wrote the first picture book in the 1600s
Pervault and Newbery collected Mother Goose Tales
Newbery's Books came about in 1774
What are 2 milestones in the history of children's lit from 1800-1900?
There was the industrial revolution, which made books cheaper and more people could afford them.
Illustrators developed fast after 1850. Randolph Caldecott is a good example. He wrote The Diverting History of John Gelpin in 1878. The Caldecott Medal is the 2nd most pop award in children's lit.
There were 3 popular authors listed from 1800-1900.
List them and describe their contribution to children's lit.
The Brothers Grimm: they collected books
Hans Christian Anderson: he wrote some of the first children's books
Lewis Carroll: he wrote Alice in Wonderland, which was pure fantasy
What are 3 milestones in the history of children's lit after 1900?
American Bookseller's Association (1900): started Children's Books Week
Horn Book Magazine (1924): critically reviewed children's books
Required schooling came about in 1907, which increased the demand for books
There are several stories mentioned that characterize children's lit after 1900. What are they? Why important?
The Tale of Peter Rabbit: one of 1st fantasies for kids
Little House on the Prairie
Bridge to Terabithia: death theme
Speak and Monster (dealt with heavier themes)
Book series
What are the five literary elements?
Plot
Setting
Characterization
Theme
Style
What is the definition of plot?
the sequence of events
What is the definition of setting?
Where the story takes place (time, era, weather)
What is the definition of characterization?
Who is in the story?
Strengths and weakness of characters
Character's thought, appearances
Characters have to change
What is the definition of theme?
Central idea of the story
What is the definition of style?
What kind of writing?
Dense description?
Use of vocabulary
Point of view
What are the four major children's literature awards?
Coretta Scott King Award (African American lit)
Pura Belpre (Hispanic lit)
Caldecott (illustrations)
Newberry (best story of the year)
What are the five ways to develop responsive readers?
Describe them
Buddy reading: class and cross-age, increases fluency
Shared reading: teachers presents text and all students have copy of book; large group
Guided reading: small group instructions; 5-6 students; groups according to level
Read alouds: whole class; teacher reads to students
Independent reading: students read what they want
What should you never do in buddy reading?
Pair two lower level readers together
Children will become engaged readers...
When they are presented with a variety of genres
When they are presented with a variety of authors
based on where they read
based on who they read with
When they respond in a variety of ways
What are three types of responses to books?
Give examples of each
Oral: retell story, describe setting, act out
Written: graphic organizer, plot summary, work sheets, new ending, write to author
Art: collage, draw favorite scene, timeline, book cover, puppet show, comic book
What is Louise Rosenblatt's Reader Response Theory?
She says that reading is...
a transaction between reader and text both being equally important. The reader brings background, feelings to the text
Readers vary how they read depending on purpose (aesthetic vs. efferent stance)
What type of books should you have in your classroom library?
Quality examples from children's awards
Diverse books
Books which relate to the curriculum
Recreational reading books
How can you choose to organize your classroom library? By...
Genre
Author
Reading Level
What other things can you have in your classroom library beside the books?
Support materials
Comfy atmosphere
Posters
Finger puppets
CDs, cassettes
Teacher's Favorite children's books tub
What are the four levels of books in children's lit?
Picture books
Patterned, predictable trade books
Transitional books
Chapter books
Describe a Literature focus unit
Whole class reads one book
Teacher instructs through mini-lessons
Students explore vocab
There is a culminating project or exam
Describe a reading workshop
Begin class w/mini-lesson
Students are reading different books
Respond via journal entries, letters, narratives
Teacher conferences w/students on a weekly basis on-the-spot
What is the advantage of a reading workshop?
Motivation (student reads what he wants)
What is the disadvantage of a reading workshop?
Teacher has to know all the books that the children are reading
What are basal readers?
When did they begin?
It's a student anthology with teacher's edition and workbooks
Language Arts is connected to all of the units/themes
They began in the 1970s
What are some disadvantages of basal readers?
Not all kids are on same level, some won't like the topic, they are scripted
What are different ways to do assessment at the end of a lit unit?
Observations
Tests associated w/basal readers
Standardized testing
Writing assignments
Products that students generate
What are the four visual elements that illustrators use?
Line
Shape
Color
Texture
Describe the following with regard to organizing the visual elements...
Most formal
Formal
Informal
Most informal
text placed opposite illustrations on adjacent pages
text positioned above or beneath illustrations
text shaped w/irregular boundaries to fit inside, between, around, and beside illustrations
absence of text
What are the different types of artistic media used in children's books?
Watercolor
Pen/pencil
Oil
Photography
Painting
Cut paper/collage
Mixed media
What are the 5 characteristics of patterned/predictable books?
Natural sounding language
Simple stories
Repeated phrases
Cumulative pattern of events
Content that appeals to children
What are the types of picture books for very young children?
Storybooks
Board books
Participation books
What are the types of books for children?
Alphabet
Counting
Concept books
What are the types of books for emergent readers?
Wordless
Patterned/predictable
What are the types of books for beginners to read?
Easy-to-read (lots of CVC or CVCe words)
Controlled vocab (sight words)
Leveled readers
What are the poetry preferences for children?
Easy to understand
narrative poems
rhyming poems
poems read w/enthusiasm
Poetry...
encourages creativity, can be fun, stirs emotions, makes us smile, can add movement to it, creates images, promotes school learning
What is a narrative poem?
It has the 5 literary elements
What is a free verse poem?
Doesn't have to rhyme, no style
What is a concrete poem?
Poetry in the shape of items
What is a haiku?
5
7
5
Often about nature
Started in Japan
What is a cinquain?
1 Noun
2 Adjectives
3 Verbs
4 Adverbs
5 (One synonym for first line)
What are some ways to build a poetry collection?
Have personal favorites
Keep up to date on awards
Have anthologies
What are the three types of poetry anthologies?
Describe them
Specialized: multiple poets about one topic
Generalized: multiple poets about many topics
Individual: one poet about any topic
What are the four criteria included on the poetry checklist?
Language is innovative/surprising
Sounds that almost sing
Rhyme, rhythm, repetition are used
Subject matter is engaging to children
What are the benefits of folklore?
Engaging to students
Build upon oral skills through storytelling and drama
Encourages own writing from students
Allows the study of culture
When did folklore originate?
What are the two theories of how it originated?
1500s and 1600s
People started writing these stories down around the same time
The stories all started in Germany and ppl went there, took back stories w/them, and adapted them to their own culture
What things do all folklore have in common?
Conventions: common literary patterns (once upon a time, beginnings, endings, numbers like 3,7,12)
Motifs: common objects; magic spells, characters like tricksters and animals
Themes: good vs. evil
What are the five sub-genres in folklore?
Describe them
Folktales: full story; 5 literary elements; collected by Grimm Brothers and Charles Perrault, originated in Germany
Fables: moral to the story; short 5-6 lines; collected by Aesop
Fairy tales: magic involved;prince, princesses, castle, dragon, happily ever after. Collected by Hans Christian Anderson
Myths: creation stories. Made up stories to explain the world
Tall Tales: unique to America. Exs: John Henry, Pecos Bill, Johnny Appleseed. Based on real people, but exaggerated