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35 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
counselors should consider 4 main factors when selecting a theory
1.personal experience
2.consensus of experts
4.verified body of knowledge
co leaders
-2 leaders
-good if over 10 people
-one works with the group, the other monitors the process
counseling/interpersonal probelm solving groups
-help group participants to resolve their unusual , yet difficult problems of living through interpersonal support & problem solving
-help clients to develop existing interpersonal & problem solving competencies
follow up
-help group members and leaders assess what they gained in the group experience and allows the leader to refer a group member for help
-3 months after termination
self disclosure
-here and now feelings, attitudes and beliefs
-higher the trust within the group, the greater self disclosure
psychotherapy/personality reconstruction groups
-help individual group members remediate in depth psychological problems
-often used in inpatient facilities
task/work groups
help members apply the principles and processes of group dynamics to improve practices and accomplish identified work tasks
ie.committees, teams, quality circle
guidence/psychoeducational groups
-preventive & instructional
-teach group participants how to deal a potential threat, event or crisis
-often in educational settings
quality circle
(example of task group)
employee run group of workers who meet weekly to examine the processes they are using in their jobs & devise ways to imporve them
-provides direction & guidance in examining basic assumptions about human beings
-useful in determining goals, clarifying roles
-can help in evaluating the outcomes of the group
groups all involve
work-the dynamic interaction between collections of individuals for prevention or remediation of difficulties or for the enhancement of personal growth/enrichment
group dynamics
interaction of members within the group
-emphasis on interpersonal relationships
-goal-learn how one's behavior in a group influences others' behavior and vice versa
encounter groups
-emerged from t groups
-focus-growth of the individual group members rather than the group itself
-intended for normally functioning people who want to grow, change & develop
multidimensional prosess that consists of group members' responding to the verbal messages and nonverbal behaviors of one another
group marathon
-extended, one session group experience that breaks down defensive barriors that individuals may otherwise use
-lasts minimum of 24 hours
ex. substance abuse
members enact unrehearsed role plays with the group leader serving as the director & other group members as actors in the play
self help/support groups
self help group-develop spontaneously, centers on a single topic, led by a person with little formal training but with experience in the stressful event that has brought the group together
-short of long term
-help members gain greater control of their lives
Support group-similar to self help groups, but organized by an established professional
group processes
how group member interactions influence the dev. of the group
group work
broad professional practice that refers to the giving of help or the accomplishment of tasks in a group setting
groups differ in
tuckman-stage process for group counseling
1.Forming Stage-foundation is laid down for what is to come and who will be considered in or out of group deliberations
2.Storming Stage-considerable turmoil and conflict
3.Norming-having survived the storm the group often generates enthusiasm & cohesion
4.Performing Stage-group members become involved with each other & their individual and collective goals
5.Mourning/Morning Stage(Adjourning)-group comes to an end
ASGW's Ethical Guidelines for Group Counselors says that during a pregroup interview
members will be selected whose needs and goals are compatible of that of the group
2 types of group processes
1.homogeneous group-members are more alike than unalike
2.heterogeneous group-members are more unalike than alike
advantages of groups
people feel that they are not alone, or abnormal in their problems
disadvantages of groups
-individuals may not be dealt with in enough depth
-group pressure
-groupthink mentality
groupthink mentality
stereotypical, defensive & stale thought processes become the norm and creativity & problem solving are squelched
optimal # of group members
-6 to 8
-with children, 3 to 4
2 thing essential to a successful group
how?-through pregroup interviews & training
2 or more people interacting to achieve a goal for their mutual benefit
open ended group
admit new members after they have started
closed ended groups
do not admit new members after they have started
groups work best when members feel a sense of confidentiality:
what is said in the group will not be said outside
group casualties
members who drop out or are worse off after the group experience
groups are becoming
more preventive(life skill training)