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41 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Super-vocational dev. unfolds in 5 stages
1.growth-birth to 14
-children become oriented to the work of work
2 most widely know career theories are associated with:
-donald super
-eli ginzberg
both based on personal dev.
psychodynamic career counseling
(Murray Bowen)
-uniqueness of people is interconnected with family of origin
-technique-draw a family or career genogram
psychodynamic theory
(anne roe)
-career choices reflect the desire to satisy needs not met by parents in childhood
displaced homemaker
enter the job market out of necessity
-exploration of the world of work; career preference
-3 substages:
psychodynamic theory
roe-3 different parent child relationships
1.a)overprotection-parents do to much for the child
b)overdemanding-parents emphasize achievement
-tend to choose careers that provide recognition
2.avoidance of the child
a)neglecting-little effort
b)rejecting-no effort
-careers involve mechanical interects as a way of finding gratification in life
3.acceptance-independence is encouraged
-careers that balance personal & non personal aspects of life
many cultural minorities have difficulty
obtaining meaningful employment because of employers discrimination, lask of marketable skills, and limited access to networks that lead to good jobs
preserving what one has achieved
-becoming established in a preffered & appropriate field of work
-2 substages:
career counseling adolescents
-CIDs-middle level computerized career info delivery systems for students to use
nontraditional careers
careers in which people of one gender are not usually employed
working with women counselors need to:
watch out for occupational sex role stereotyping
glass ceiling phenomenon
women can rise only so far in a corporation because they are not seen as being able to perform top level executive duties
career counseling is also called:
-vocational guidance
-occupational counseling
-vocational counseling
career counseling with adults
some adults may have midlife change in 40s(Erikson called generativity vs stagnation)
the course of events that constitue life
career information
info related to the work of work that can be useful in the process of career dev.
Tiedeman & O'Hara's social cognitive approach: 7 stage model of career decisions
-some overlap, each requires the individual to make a decision
career fairs
inviting practitioners in a number of fields to explain their jobs
career guidance
all activities that seek to disseminate info about present or future vocations in a way that individuals become more knowledgable and aware about who they are in relationship to the world of work
5.Decline(65 to death)
-disengagement from work
-2 substages:
computer assisted career guidance system (CAGSs)
offers career info and helps individuals sort through their values & interests or just find job info
career counseling of college students
half of college experience career related problem
career counseling children
-first 6 yrs or school many children dev. a stable self perception & make a tentative commitment to a vocation
krumboltz:4 factor influence career choice
1.genetic endowment
2.conditions & events in the environment
3.learning experiences
4.task approach skills

career dev. assessment & counseling model (C-DAC)
-system of career counseling
-views client as an individual and a constantly changing environment
-employed over life span
-promice for multicultural career theory
trait & factor theory
-6 categories in which personality types & job environments can be classified:
3 diagnosis of a client's career problems
1.differential-what the problems are
2.dynamic-why problems have occured
3.decisional-how the problems are being dealt with
trait and factor theory
-traits of clients should first be assessed and then systematically matched with factors inherent in various occupations
career shadowing
following someone around on his or her daily work routine
unrealistic aspirations
goals beyond a person's capabilities
2 ways of working with adults in career counseling:
1.differential approach
-stresses that the typology of persons & environments is more useful than any life stage strategies for coping with career problems

Educational programs like Mann's 4 Cs can
help students at risk become involved in career exploration
-cash, care, computers, coalitions
CIDs-4 components
-occupational search
-occupational info
-educational info
3 key career dev. areas at the elementary school level:
1.self awareness awareness & exploration
3.decision making
high school career counseling has 3 emphases:
-stimulating career dev
-providing treatment
-aiding placement
late entry or delayed entry women
decide to enter the job market after considerable time at home, they pose considerable challenges for career counselors
career counseling
one to one or small group relationship between a client and a counselor with the goal of helping the client integrate and apply and understanding of self and the environment to make the most appropriate career decisions and adjustments approach
examines a greater number of individual & environmental variables
focus in test use:
interpreting the tests without the tests
letting the cloent & counselor share responsibility for interpreting what the test results mean independently of standardized norms