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24 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is phonology?
The sound system of a language; how words sound and are produced.
What is semantics?
The meanings of words and word combinations.
What is syntax?
Rules used to put words together into sentences.
What is pragmatics?
Conventions and strategies used in effective and socially acceptable verbal interactions.
What is nativism?
Theoretical perspective proposing that some knowledge is biologically built-in and present at birth or soon thereafter.
What is a language acquisition device?
Biologically built-in mechanism hypothesized to facilitate language learning.
What is functionalism?
Theoretical perspective of language development that emphasizes the purposed language serves for human beings.
What is receptive language?
The ability to understand the language one hears or reads?
What is expressive language?
The ability to communicate effectively through speaking and writing.
What is holophrase?
A single word used to express a complete thought; commonly observed in children's earliest speech.
What is telegraphic speech?
Short, grammatically incomplete sentences that include lexical (rather than grammatical) words almost exclusively; common in toddlers.
What are phonemes?
The smallest units of a spoken language that signify differences in meaning.
What is figurative speech?
Speech that communicates meaning beyond a literal interpretation of its words.
What is narrative?
Verbal account of a temporal sequence of events that are logically interconnected; a story.
What are sociolinguistic behaviours?
Social and culturally specific conventions that govern appropriate verbal interaction.
What is the IRE cycle?
Adult-child interaction pattern marked by adult initiation, child response, and adult evaluation; in Western cultures such a pattern is often seen in instructional settings.
What is wait time?
The length of time a teacher pauses, after either asking a question or hearing a student's comment, before saying something.
What is metalinguistic awareness?
Extent to which one consciously understands and thinks about the nature of language.
What is bilingualism?
Knowing and speaking two languages fluentely.
What is immersion?
Approach to second-language instruction in which students hear and speak that language almost exclusively in the classroom.
What is bilingual education?
Approach to second-language instruction in which students are instructed in academic subject areas in their native language while simultaneously being taught to speak and read in the second language.
What is Standard English?
Form on English generally considered acceptable in school (as reflected in textbooks, grammar instruction, etc.) and in the media.
What is dialect?
Form of a language characteristic of a particular geographic region or ethnic group.
What are speech and communication disorders?
Disability characterized by abnormalities in producing or understanding spoken language, to the point where special educational services are needed.