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55 Cards in this Set

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What does INTASC stand for?
: Interstate New Teacher Assessment and Support Consortium Standards;
- Agreement within states where teachers licensed in one state are eligible for licensure in another state
RECIPROCITY AGREEMENT
unlicensed person hired by the department of education when school superintendents are unable to find a licensed teacher to fill a position. It buys time for the school district to find another teacher who is licensed.
EMERGENCY LICENSE
approval to teach without having gone to a traditional or state-approved teacher education program.
ALTERNATIVE LICENSURE
program established in 1994 by the Department of Defense to help Department of Defense and Department of Energy civilian employees affected by military reductions develop new careers in public education. It also helps relieve teacher’s shortage.
TROOPS TO TEACHERS
started in 1989 and it provides college graduates who do not have teacher education backgrounds with the opportunity to become teachers.
TEACH FOR AMERICA
A continuing contract granted at the end of the probationary status. teachers can only be released when “just cause” or good reason can be demonstrated.
TENURE
Negotiation of the professional rights and responsibilities of teachers as a group.
COLLECTIVE BARGAINING
What are the steps in Reflective Teaching
PERCEIVE, VALUE, KNOW, ACT, EVALUATE
List a few factors of an at-risk child
LOW-INCOME FAMILY, SINGLE-PARENT FAMILY, HUNGER ISSUES, UNDER-FUNDED SCHOOLS, LACK OF EDUCATIONAL RESOURCES
federal funded program to improve academic performance and motivated levels of low income high school students (particularly in math and science)
UPWARD BOUND
federal funded program for at risk students in elementary and secondary school.
TITLE I
federal law that prohibits schools from discriminating on the basis of gender.
TITLE IX
keeping kids in school until graduation or an equivalency certificate; on the graduation rate, completion rate or transfer rate
HOLDING POWER
United States federal law that reauthorizes a number of federal programs that aim to improve the performance of U.S.'s primary and secondary schools by increasing the standards of accountability for states, school districts and schools, as well as providing parents more flexibility in choosing which schools their children will attend.
NO CHILD LEFT BEHIND ACT
Schools that offer a range of services for children and their families
FULL-SERVICE SCHOOLS
any public or private school having a special curriculum, esp. an elementary or secondary school offering a more flexible program of study than a traditional school.
ALTERNATIVE SCHOOL
provided financial support to states that implemented programs for the identification, prevention and treatment of child abuse and neglect.
CHILD ABUSE PREVENTION AND TREATMENT ACT
a public school usually including both primary and secondary grades but sometimes primary grades alone.
COMMON SCHOOL
School offering a two-year course and certification to high-school graduates preparing to be teachers, esp. elementary-school teachers.
NORMAL SCHOOL
Sharing the same national heritage or cultural background
ETHNICITY
maintaining unique characteristics
CULTURAL PLURALISM
learned characteristics of people based on their values, beliefs, and ideas-it influences the classroom and how students learn.
CULTURE
group of persons related by common descent or heredity
RACE
treatment or consideration of, or making a distinction in favor of or against, a person or thing based on the group, class, or category to which that person or thing belongs rather than on individual merit: racial and religious intolerance and discrimination.
DISCRIMINATION
Definitions are determined by state legislatures but may include intellectual giftedness, outstanding school achievement, outstanding achievement in the arts and humanities.
GIFTEDNESS
-Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (1990)
IDEA
it reads at a child’s current performance level, it is long and short term goals, lists the criteria for success, states methods for accessory mastery of objects, the amount of time to be spent in general education classrooms and the beginning and ending date for special services.
IEP--Individualized Education Program
a trained person to assist a teacher, or other professionals but not licensed to practice that profession.
PARAPROFESSIONAL
education designed for and offered to all people, regardless of their physical, social, emotional, and intellectual characteristics. Education provided in mainstream classrooms to students with disabilities.
INCLUSIVE EDUCATION
industrialization led to an increasing emphasis on practical rather than theoretical learning. People wanted to learn mechanics and trade skills that would lead to jobs w/a paycheck. Negative effect on schools’ enrollment b/c of the demands for cheap, reliable labor. Instead of staying in school, children worked in the factories and cotton mills.
INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION
- textbooks designed to teach rudimentary reading skills, and each usually consisted of a collection of rhymes for the letters of the alphabet, adorned with woodcut drawings.
PRIMERS
also known as Webster’s American Spelling Book was a text that helped to establish the United States w/it’s own distinctive vocabulary, spelling, and usage.
BLUE-BACKED SPELLERS
a single piece of parchment imprinted w/the alphabet, vowels, syllables, and a couple of prayers (first reader for many students)
HORN BOOKS
kept “negroes” in an inferior position. The codes allowed African Americans to hold property, to sue and be sued, and to marry, and forbade them carry firearms, to testify in court in cases involving European Americans, and to leave their jobs.
BLACK CODES OF CONDUCT
believed that African Americans should be educated among “normal schools” to become effective leaders of their people. He believed that vocational or industrial education was the best way for African Americans to gain financial self-sufficiency and better their lives.
BOOKER T. WASHINGTON
legalized separate but equal public facilities for African Americans and served to legalize school segregation
PLESSY V. FERGUSON
determined that segregation of students by race is unconstitutional and that education is a right that must be available to all Americans on equal terms
BROWN V. BOARD OF EDUCATION
method of teaching in which at eacher provides assistance, guidance and structure to enhance student learning and self-regulation
SCAFFOLDING
independent public schools supported by state funds but exempt from many regulations
CHARTER SCHOOLS
nonprofit, tax-exempt institutions governed by boards of trustees. Financed through private funds
PRIVATE SCHOOLS
passing children to successive grades to keep them with other children of their age
SOCIAL PROMOTION
assigning students believed to have similar abilities to certain instructional groups, class sections, and programs of study
TRACKING
Who is ultimately responsible for school governance?
THE STATES
Principals lead school-based management teams w/parents, students, and teacher b/c of the belief that people closest to a school best understand the school culture and have the biggest stake in its outcomes.
WHY PRINCIPALS LEAD SCHOOL-BASED MANAGEMENT TEAMS WITH PARENTS, STUDENTS, AND TEACHERS
When disputes arise over educational practices or policies, at what level do schools look to settle the agreement initially?
THEY TRY TO SETTLE THEIR DIFFERENCES AT THE LOCAL LEVEL
prohibits schools from releasing information about a student to third parties w/o parental or student permission
BUCKLEY AMENDMENT
Same as the Buckley Amendment
FAMILY EDUCATION RIGHTS AND PRIVACY ACT
says that failure to report suspected abuse and neglect constitutes a misdemeanor in most states and w/a few exceptions, teachers are identified among the professionals required to make such reports.
CHILD ABUSE AND NEGLECT ACT
occurs when the student who was injured failed to exercise the required standard of care for his or her own safety.
CONTRIBUTORY NEGLIGENCE
occurs in situations where student and teacher are both held liable for an injury.
COMPARATIVE NEGLIGENCE
usually only applicable in cases of competitive athletics. It means that people who are aware of possible risks involves in an activity voluntarily participate, thus agreeing to take their chances.
ASSUMPTION OF RISK
decided that prayers at a high school graduation ceremony are unconstitutional;
LEE V. WEISMAN
that educators cannot require students to pause for a moment of silence for meditation or voluntary prayer
WALLACE V. JAFFREE
decided that prayer and Bible reading in public school classrooms are unconstitutional, but studying the Bible for its literary and historic value is allowed.
28. School District of Abington Township v. Schempp state?