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8 Cards in this Set

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Organizatons serving the needs of children who are blind
National Federation of the Blind (NFB), American Council of the Blind (ACB), American Printing House for the Blind (APH), The American Foundation for the Blind (AFB)
What can teachers do for Children who are Blind?
-Keep student's minds and bodies active
-Keep hands looking
-Challange enabling dependency
-Maintain high expectations
-Know individual students
-Be an expert on subject matter
-be tough
-be generous with time
-give good explanations
-Know blindness techniques
Three ways children who are blind are educated:
State residential schools,
Regular school with itinerant teacher,
Regular school with a resident specialist.
What we call the Blind
Visually impaired, Visually challenged, Low vision
Process of a parent of a child who is blind
1. Denial and Isolation
2. Anger
3. Bargaining
4. Depression
5. Acceptance
Mental Retardation def. (characteristics)
-Below Average intellectual ability/less than average intelligence
-Learn slowly
-Appear delayed in most areas of school preformance
-Reasoning and abstract thinking difficult
Mental Retardation def. (paragraph form)
Mental retardation is a disablility characterized by substantial limitations both in intellectual functioning and in adaptive behavior as expressed in conceptual, social, and practical adaptive skills. Originates before age 18.
Adaptive behavior
the effectivness or degree with which individuals meet the standards of personal independence and social responsibility expected for their age and cultural group.
(the way students meet expectations of total social environment, not merely of the school