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97 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Persons who have visual acuity of 20/200 or less in the better eye even with correction or has a field of vision so narrow that its widest diameter subtends an angular distance no greater than 20 degrees.
Legally blind
Services for students who are visually impared in which the special eduaction teacher visits several different schools to work with students and their general education classrooms.
Itinerant teacher services
Books having an 18-point font size, much larger than the usual 10-point font.
Large print books
Varitey of repetivive behaviors, that are sometimes found in individuals who are blind, serverly retarded, or psychotic; sometimes referred to as sterotypies or blindisms.
Stereotypic behaviors
Ability to see fine details; usually measured with the Snellen chart.
visual activity
Appraisal of an individual's use of vision in everyday situations
Functional vision assessment
Term used by educators to refer to individuals whose visual impairment is not so severe that they are unable to read print of any kind; they may read large or regular print and they may need some kind of magnification.
Low vision
Skill possessed by some people who are blind, wehreby they can detect the presence of obstacles in their enviornments; research has shown that it is not an indication of an extra sense, as popularly thought; it is the result of learning to detect subtle changes in the pitches of high frequency echoes.
Obstacle sense
Ability to have a sense of where one is in relation to other people, objects, and landmarks and to move through the environment.
Orientation and mobility skills
T or F: Blindness is among the least prevenlent of all childhood disabilities.
T or F: People who are blind automatically develop better acuity in other senses
T or F: Most people who are blind can actually see
T or F: Legal blindness qualifies a person for certain legal benefits, such as tax advantages and money for special materials.
T or F: Most cases of stabismus are correctable with eye exercise or surgery.
T or F: IQ tests containg visual items more accurately measure the intelligence of individuals who are blind than tests containing verbally based items.
T or F: Good tactual perception, like good visual perception, relies on being able to use a variety of strategies.
T or F: COnceptually, very young children who are blind tend to not lag behind their sighted peers.
T or F: The low achievement of some students who are blind may be due to low expectations and lack of exposure to Braille.
T or F: Good listening skills develop automatically in children who are blind.
T or F: the guide dog is a frequently recommended aid to individuals who are blind.
Most visual problems are the result of errors of _______.
The most common visual impairments of low vision are _____and _____.
Most students with visual impairment are educated in either _____ or ________.
braille/listening skills
During the transition to adulthood, _________and ______ are two closley related areas of difficulty for some adolescents snf young adults with visual imparements.
Disorder characterized by psychotic behavior manifested by loss of contact with reality, distorted thought processes, and abnormal perceptions.
Parroting repetition of words or phrases either immediately after they are heard ir later; often observed in individuals with autistic spectrum disorder.
One of five autistic spectrum disorders; pervasive delay in development that does not fit into any of the other categories
One of the five autistic spectrum disorders; characterized by extreme social withdrawl and imapairment in communication; other common characteristics are stereotyped movements, resistance to enviornmetal change or change in daily routines, or unusual responses to sensory exprerience; usually evident before the age of 3 years.
Need to communicate for social reasons; thought to be lacking in most children with autism.
Communicative intent
One of five autistic spectrum diorders; a milder form of autism without significant impairments in language and cognition; characterized by primary problems in social interaction.
Asperger's syndrome
One of five autistic spectrum disorders; normal development for five months to four years, followed by regression and mental retardation; much more prevalent in females
Rett's disorder
T or F: the symptoms of autistic spectrum disorders are often noticed soon after birth and are first observed in most cases before the child is 2 years old.
T or F: Some, but ot all children with autistic spectrum disorders improve somewhat as they progress through later childhood and adolescence in their ability to relate to other people
T or F:Autistic spectrum disorders may exist across a range of mild, moderate, or severe.
T or F:The central problem in Asperger's syndrome is qualitative imparement in social interaction.
T or F: a student with TBI may acquire a language disorder after a period of normal development.
T or F:The effects of TBI on language are highly predictable, and careful assessment of the individual is usually not necessary.
T or F: many of the typical behavior modification or behavior management strategies used with other
T or F: There are three tyoes of Usher syndrome, varying with respect to the type and time of occurance of the major symptoms of hearing loss, vision loss, and balance problems.
T or F: all persons with severe and multiple diabilities exhibit severe behavioral problems
Students with Asperger's syndrome need explicit instructions in ___________ that most students pick up through indirect and incidental learning.
Social skills
TBI is a special case of __________ imapairments, in which there is a sudden alteration in abilities.
A loss of ability to understand and formulate language due to brain injury is sometimes referred to as __________.
motor speech disorder
Most authorities believe that the biggest obstacle faced by persons with deaf-blindness is ________
being cut off from the sights and sounds of daily life.
Behavior casuing injury or mutilation of oneself, such as self-biting, or head banging
self-injurious behavior
Person who assists adult workers with disabilities by proving vocational assessment, instruction, overall planning, and interaction assistance with employers, family, and related government and service agencies.
job coach
SKills required for living independently, such as dressing, toileting, bathing, cooking, and other typical daily activities of nondisabled adults.
Daily living skills
Workplace that provides employment that pays as least minimum wage and in which most workers are nondisabled adults.
Competitive employment
Any repetitive, stereotyped activity that seems only to provide sensory feedback
injury to the brain resulting in total or partial diability.
Traumatic brain injury
Having control over one's life
Resouces in a person's enviornment that can be used for support, such as friends, family, and coworkers.
natural supports
Evaluation that consists of finding out the consequences, antecedents, and setting events that maintain inappropriate behaviors; this information can help teachers to plan educationally for students
functional behavior assessment
Brain injury in which there is an open head wound
open head injury
systematic control of enviornmental events, especially of consequences, to produce specific changes in obervable responses.
behavior modification
damage to the brain that occurs without penetration of the skull
closed head injury
Hereditary disease characterized by progressive weakness caused by degeneration of muscle fibers
muscular dystrophy
Device designed to restore, partially or completely, a lost function of the body
pattern of repeated seizures
sudden alteration of consciousness, usually accompanied by motor activity and/or sensory phenomena; caused by an abnormal discharge of electrical energy in the brain.
device designed to replace, partially or completely, a part of the body
Method od integrating people with disabilities who cannot work independently into competitive employment; includes use of an employment specialist, or job coach, who helps the person with a disability function on the job.
supported employment
Systemic disease with major symptoms involving the muscles and joints
juvenille rheumatoid arthritis
Characterized by muscle stiffness and problems in voluntary movement; associated with spastic cerebral palsy.
Lack of muscle tone
Congenital midline defect resulting from failure of the bony spinal column to close completely during fetal development
spina bifida
abnormalities associated with the mother's drinking alcohol during pregnancy; defects range from mild to severe, including growth retardation, brain damage, mental retardation, hyperactivity, anomalies of the face, and heart failure.
fetal alcohol syndrome
T or F: over 290,000 studetns with physical disabilities recieve special education services in the US
T or F: Data indicates that the population of children and youth with physical disabilities is growing.
T or F:Brain injuries can be caused by hypoxia, infection of the brain or its linings, tumors, metabolic disorders, or toxic chemicals.
T or F: Students with neuromotor impairment do not need special equipment, special procedures, or other accomodations
T or F: some individuals have a mixture of various types of cerebral palsy.
T or F: Spina bifida is one of the most common birth defects resulting in physical disability; its causes are not known.
T or F: Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis involves the muscles and joints and it is sometimes accompianed by complications such as fever, respiratory problems, heart problems, and eye infections.
T or F: The intelligence of children with muscular dystrophy and arthritis is usually seriously and negatively affected.
_________ are the result of injury to the brain that also affects the ability to move parts of one's body. It may be associated with injury to the brain before, during, or after birth.
A teacher who fails to report child abuse or neglect may be held legally ____________.
The partial functioning of a body part is enchanced with a ___________.
Ability to express novel and useful ideas, to sense and elucidate new and important relationships, and to ask previously uinthought-of, but crucial questions.
Approach in which students with special gifts or talents are placed in grade levels ahead of their age peers in one or more academic subjects.
Ability to separate and/or combine various pieces of information in new, creative, and useful ways.
special ability, aptitude, or accomplishment
approach in which additional learning experiences are provided for students with special gifts or talents while the students remain in the grade levels appropriate for thier chronological ages.
Word sometimes used to indicate a particular aptitude or capacity in any area; rare intellectual powers
remarkable early development
refers to cognitive superiority, creativity, and motivation of sufficent magnitude to set the child apart from the vast majority of age peers and make it possible for the child to contribute something of particular value to society.
T or F: Professionals have clear and agreed-on definition of giftedness
T or F: People with special gifts and talents are superior in every way, and they comprimise a distinct category of human beings.
T or F: Individually administered standardized intellegnece tests are the only ways to measure intelligence
T or F: Many children who are gifted learn to read easily, often before entering school.
T or F: Unhappiness, emotional instability, and social rejection characterize the lives of most indivduals who are gifted.
T or F: individuals with special gifts and talents come from higher socioeconomic groups and do not have disabilities.
T or F: ther is little evidence of widespread support for early intervention programs for young children who are gifted.
T or F: Transitions for youths who are gifted tend to mirror the problem in transitions faced by adolescents and young adults w/disabilities.
_________ giftedness involves insight, intuition, creativity, or adeptness at coping with novel situations.
An extrodinary capacity to apply analytic and syntheic abilities to the solution of everyday problems is known as ____________.
Practical giftedness
Programs that provide students with additional learning experiences while they remain in the grade levels appropriate for their chronological age are known as ______________ programs.