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90 Cards in this Set

  • Front
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融洽
róngqià s.v. with mutual understanding; on friendly/good terms
活跃[-躍]
huóyuè* s.v. brisk; active; dynamic
维持[維-]
wéichí* v. keep; preserve现状[現狀] ¹xiànzhuàng* n. status quo; present conditions他试图维持现状
招牌
zhāopai* n. ①shop sign; signboard ②reputation of a business M:²kuài
整顿[-頓]
zhěngdùn n./v. rectify; reorganize
飞跃[飛躍]
¹fēiyuè v. leap
股票
gǔpiào n. share certificate; stock M:¹fèn/¹zhāng
欠薪
qiànxīn n. back pay ◆v.o. delay paying a salary
消耗量
xiāohàoliàng n. consumption / "wastage"
前题/提[-題/提]
¹qiántí n. 〈log./lg.〉 premise; prerequisite; presupposition
崩溃[-潰]
bēngkuì v. collapse; fall apart
衰退
shuāituì* v. fail; decline | Zhège lǎorén de jìyìlì kāishǐ ∼. The old man is losing his memory. ◆n. 〈econ.〉 recession MW: 逢 ¹féng
生长率[-長-]
shēngzhǎnglǜ n. growth rate
接轨[-軌]
jiēguǐ v.o. link (rail) lines (lit./fig.)
通货膨胀[-貨-脹]
tōnghuò péngzhàng currency inflation
的萧条[蕭條]
xiāotiáo depression
增值税[--稅]
zēngzhíshuì n. 〈econ.〉 value-added tax (V.A.T)
剥削[剝-]
bōxuē* v. exploit
巨头[-頭]
¹jùtóu* n. ①magnate; tycoon ②national leader; big chief
董事会[--會]
dǒngshìhuì n. board of directors M:cì/ge
人均
rénjūn n. per capita; average for individuals
夺取[奪-]
duóqǔ* v. ①capture; seize; wrest ②strive for
补贴[補貼]
bǔtiē v./n. subsidize M:¹fèn
下岗[-崗]
xiàgǎng v.o. ①〈mil.〉 come off sentry duty ②be laid off due to restructuring
资本密集[資---]
zīběn mìjí v.p. capital-intensive
附加值
fùjiāzhí n. added value
国营企业[國營-業]
guóyíng qǐyè p.w. state-owned enterprise; (written chinese)
国有企业
SOE
包产到户[-產-戶]
bāochǎndàohù f.e. 〈PRC〉 fixing of farm output quotas for each household ②production contracted to the household. A radical reform measure initiated to break up collectivized agriculture.
健全
jiànquán* v. strengthen; amplify; perfect | Shèhuì fúlì xìtǒng xūyào ∼. The social wellfare system needs to be strengthened. ◆s.v. sound; perfect
公社
¹gōngshè* n. ①primitive commune ②commune ③people's commune
生产队[-產隊]
shēngchǎnduì p.w. production team
大队[-隊]
dàduì* n. ①a military group ②production brigade ③a large number
国资委
SASAC: State Asset Supervision and Administration Commission; Supervises.SOEs
底保
dǐbǎo rural floor to maintain minimum income
改制
gǎizhì v. ①convert ②change a social system; reform
定额[-額]
dìng'é n. quota; norm
致富光荣
zhìfùguāngróng "to get rich is glorious"
伪造[偽-]
wěizào v. forge; counterfeit
轮休[輪-]
lúnxiū v. ①rotate days off ②lie fallow in rotation (of land)
汇率[匯-]
huìlǜ* n. exchange rate | Rénmínbì de ∼ yòu ²zhǎng le. The exchange rate of RMB is up again.
外汇储备[-匯儲備]
wàihuì chǔbèi n. foreign-exchange reserve
外汇[-匯]
wàihuì n. foreign exchange M:²bǐ
跨国[-國]
kuàguó* attr. transnational; multinational
赤字
chìzì* n. deficit
框架
kuàngjià n. frame(work)
直接投資
FDI
回合
huíhé* n. ①round; bout ②encounter M:¹cì
壁垒[-壘]
bìlěi n. ①rampart; barrier ②rival camps
反倾销[-傾銷]
fǎn qīngxiāo v.o. anti-dumping
汇款[匯-]
huìkuǎn v.o. remit money n. remittance
局面
júmiàn n. ①aspect; phase; situation | Yīdìng yào dǎkāi ∼. We must get things underway. ②scope; scale
折旧[-舊]
zhéjiù* n. 〈econ.〉 depreciation
物质鼓励[-質-勵]
wùzhì gǔlì n. material reward/incentive
拖欠
tuōqiàn v. be in arrears | Nǐ bùnéng ∼ shuìkuǎn. You should not be in arrears with tax payment.
追讨[-討]
zhuītǎo v. ①dun ②demand payment of an old debt
积欠[積-]
¹jīqiàn* v. amass debts | Gōngsī ∼le shíwàn Měiyuán de zhàiwù. The company has amassed debts of ten thousand dollars. ◆n. outstanding debts; arrears
清理
qīnglǐ* v. ①settle (accounts/etc.); sort out affairs ②arrange; tidy up | ²Tā bāng wǒ ∼ fángjiān. She helped me tidy up my room. ③cleanse (e.g. a wound)
援助
¹yuánzhù* n./v. support; aid
融资[-資]
²róngzī n. ①funds; financial capital ②circulate neccessary funds
硬通货[--貨]
yìngtōnghuò n. 〈loan〉 hard currency
报酬[報-]
bàochou* n. reward; remuneration; pay | bùjì ∼ not care about pay
失业率[-業-]
shīyèlǜ n. rate of unemployment
设置[設-]
¹shèzhì* v. set/put up; install
就业[-業]
¹jiùyè* v.o. get or take up a job | Jīngjì shuāituì shí
资本家[資--]
zīběnjiā n. capitalist
打杂[-雜]
dǎzá v.o. do odd jobs | Tā zài gōngsī li ∼. He does odd jobs in the company. ◆n. 〈coll.〉 odd-jobs man; all-purpose servant
省钱[-錢]
shěngqián v.o. save money; be economical
股权[-權]
gǔquán n. ①rights of shareholders/stockholders ②equity rights; shareholding M:¹fèn
裁员[-員]
²cáiyuán v.o. reduce staff | Shìchǎng bù jǐngqì zhìshǐ gōngsī ∼. A depressed economy causes companies to reduce their staff.
回报率[-報-]
huíbàolǜ n. rate of return
勾结[-結]
gōujié v. collude/collaborate with
开支[開-]
kāizhī v. pay (expenses/wages/etc.) ◆n. expenses | Nǐ yào jiǎnshǎo ∼. You should reduce expenses. M:²bǐ
预计[預計]
yùjì* n./v. calculate in advance; estimate | Zhège gōngchéng ∼ liǎng nián wánchéng. This project is estimated to be completed in two years.
业务[業務]
¹yèwù* n. ①professional work | Xīnlái de rén ∼ zěnmeyàng? How good is the work of the new personnel? ②business | Jīnnián ∼ bù duō. This year there's not much business.
得益
²déyì v.o. benefit; profit | Wǒ xué Zhōngwén
公有制
gōngyǒuzhì n. public ownership (of means of production)
个体户[個體戶]
gètǐhù n. ①individual entrepreneur ②privately owned small enterprise ③self-employed worker (no longer really used)
恩格斯
(①姓氏 ②Friedrich
伯恩斯坦
boensetan Bernstein--Engels' antecedent
民营[-營]
mínyíng attr. ①privately run (of enterprises) ②run by the local people
外向型经济[---經濟]
wàixiàngxíng jīngjì* n. export-oriented economy | Zhōngguó de ∼ fāzhǎn hěn hǎo. China's export-oriented economy is developing very well.
逃汇[-匯]
táohuì v.o. evade foreign-exchange regulations
国际货币基金组织
IMF
附加 条件
¹fùjiā* v. add; attach ◆attr. additional; attached; appended | Zhùyì
最惠国待遇[--國--]
zuìhuìguó dàiyù n. most-favored-nation (MFN) trading status
顺差[順-]
shùnchā n. favorable balance; surplus
通货膨胀[-貨-脹]
tōnghuò péngzhàng n. currency inflation
贸易壁垒[貿--壘]
màoyì bìlěi n. trade barrier
贬值[貶-]
¹biǎnzhí v.o. 〈econ.〉 ①devalue; devaluate | Rénmínbì huì ∼ ma? Is PRC currency going to be devaluated? ②depreciate