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12 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Importance of the cotton gin
Eli Whitney invented the cotton gin in 1793. It revolutionized cotton picking and made cotton growing profitable in the South. By the 1850s, cotton was the nation's leading export.
The Beginning of the Industrial Revolution
Revolution started in the US around 1790. Because of trade restrictions by the Embargo Act and the War of 1812, merchants took advantage of water power, cheap labor, and excellent climate.
Erie Canal
New York legislature approved construction in 1817. When completed, it carried wheat and meat from farming communities in the interior to eastern cities and foreign markets.
Railroads
Cemented union between the Northeast and the Midwest. It was more convienent and faster than canals, and were main carriers of frieght by 1859. Railroad construction facilitated the modernization of iron industry. The midwest and northeast increasingly resembled each other in ethnic composition, cultural values, and technical skills.
Social Classes
The Business Elite- increasingly separtated themselves from lower classes. Usually lived away from cities in favor of suburbs.
The Middle Class- this growing class consisted of farmers, mechanics, manufacturers, and traders who prospered in cities and towns
The Urban Poor- mostly the nations free workers who labored for others rather than for themselves.
The Factory System
New England was the center of production of clothing and textles. Number of factories multiplied rapidly in the 1820s.
Important Inventions
Power Loom (Francis Lowell, 1814), Sewing Machine (Elias Howe, 1846), Steel Making (William Kelly, 1850s), Interchangable parts (Eli Whitney)
Importance of the cotton gin
Eli Whitney invented the cotton gin in 1793. It revolutionized cotton picking and made cotton growing profitable in the South. By the 1850s, cotton was the nation's leading export.
The Beginning of the Industrial Revolution
Revolution started in the US around 1790. Because of trade restrictions by the Embargo Act and the War of 1812, merchants took advantage of water power, cheap labor, and excellent climate.
Erie Canal
New York legislature approved construction in 1817. When completed, it carried wheat and meat from farming communities in the interior to eastern cities and foreign markets.
Railroads
Cemented union between the Northeast and the Midwest. It was more convienent and faster than canals, and were main carriers of frieght by 1859. Railroad construction facilitated the modernization of iron industry. The midwest and northeast increasingly resembled each other in ethnic composition, cultural values, and technical skills.
Social Classes
The Business Elite- increasingly separtated themselves from lower classes. Usually lived away from cities in favor of suburbs.
The Middle Class- this growing class consisted of farmers, mechanics, manufacturers, and traders who prospered in cities and towns
The Urban Poor- mostly the nations free workers who labored for others rather than for themselves.