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83 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
abiotic
nonliving
biotic
living
Species
the kinds of plants animals microbes in the community
population
the certain number of individuals that make up a species
ecosystem
a grouping of plants animals and microbes occupying an explicit unit of space and interacting
biome
a formation of major kinds of ecosystems
ecotone
transitional region between two adjacent ecosystems
autotrophs
any organism that makes its own food
heterotrophs
any organism that consumes organic matter as a source of energy
carnivore
feeds strictly on meat
herbivore
feeds strictly on plants
omnivore
feeds on plants and animals
predator
an animal that feeds on another organism
parasite
organisms that attatch themselves to a host and feed on it over a period of time
Detritus
the dead organic material found in an ecosystem
decomposer
organisms whose feeding action results in decay of organic material
Trophic Niche
All herbavores
Habitat Niche
where an animal is adapted to live
Ecological Niche
where an animal lives, where it nests, what it feeds on
Consumer
derive energy from feeding on other organisms
Producer
organisms that are capable of producing their own food
Primary Consumer
organisms that feed on plants or their products
Secondary Consumer
organisms that feed on animals who feed on plants
Ecology
Study of plants and animals and how they interact
Environmental science
the study of ecological principles and their application to humans
Environmentalism
effort to live in harmony with the global ecosystem
Doomsayers
people who believe the world is going to come to an end
Pollyanna
everything is good
Cassandra
Everything is bad
Paradign
assumption of how something should be done
Science
Seeking to understand the natural world with measurable observable information
Ancient African Proverb
earth is not ours, it is a treasure we hold in trust for our children and their children
Margaret Mead
Never doubt that a small group of thoughtful committed citizens can change the world, indeed it is the only thing that ever has
Stewardship
conserving our world and its natural resources for future generations.
food chain
linear progress from prodcer to consumer to scavenger to decomposer
Earth's 4 spheres
hydro - water
atmos -air
bio - living things
litho - earth rocks soil
mutually supportive relationship
both species mutually benefit from the relationship
organism
individual life form
community
population of different plants and animals in a given area
carrying capacity
how many organisms a cerain area can hold
dynamic
constantly changing
sustainability
earth can sustain its own natural resources
Ethnocentric
view of world through our own eyes
Neomalthusians
yes we are overpopulated due to number of people
Overconsumptionists
yes due to over use of resources
Julien Simon
No overpopulation; no overconsumption
more babies=more brains=more answers to our problems
Megacity
mass migration into industrial cities
CAFO
Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations
E Coli
campylobacter
salmonella
gastro intestinal diseases that spread from feces.
What do we feed our cows
horse and pig parts
where does all the shit go?
lagoons and cesspools
what is the largest shit tank?
50 million gallons
How much money annually does the US spend on treating antibiotic resistant infections.
300 million
Who inspects our meat?
companies who buy and sell the meat to us.
How fight bacteria on meats
fully cook meat
never reuse plates knives etc
never eat raw eggs
rinse meat
eat less meat
cold pasteurization
Radiation treating meat to kill bacteria
mad cow disease
disease that cows get from eating other cow parts; infects the brain, eats it away
What are the steps to the scientific method
collect the facts
organize facts into data
analyze data for info
Redo-gather more info
Prove something
Peer Review
other scientists review theories of other scientists to see if they are true
law
proven
theory
an assumption as to what happened
hypothesis
an educated guess
Levels of awareness
0- realization of nature
1- acceptance of pollution
2- acceptance of " + overpopulation and overconsumption
3-" + environmental degradation
4- we belong to the earh vs. vice versa
EPA
nixon; protection of environment
Clean air act
nixon; automobile emissions
Clean water act
nixon; sewer systems
safe drinking water act
nixon-ford; safe city water
Comprehensive environmental response compensation and liability act
carter; super fund
well water
super fund
tax dollars go toward something
Endangered Species act
nixon; protection of endangered species and their habitat
Federal INsecticide Fungicide and Rodenticide act
(FIFRA)
regulates poisions
what part of the earth is made up of plants?
All of it
Competetive Exclusion Principle
No 2 species ever occupy the same niche
WHO
World Health Organization
sound science
the basis for our understanding of how the world works and how humans interact with it.
ecosystem capital
the natural and managed ecosystems that provide essential goods and services to human enterprises
policy and politics
the human decisions that determine what happens to the natural world and the political process which leads to those decisions
globalization
the accelerating interconnectedness of human activities, ideas, and cultures
development
the continued improvement of living standards by economic growth
economist
concerned with growth, and use of our natural resources
sociologist
human needs and concepts
ecologist
preserving natural resources
worldview
assumptions and values that the person believes to be true about how the world works and about their place in it