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63 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Includes all organisms living in an area, and the
physical environment with which these organisms interact.
ecosystem
Highest level of ecological organization.
biosphere
Biological Interactions
Community, species, population, individuals
Physical and chemical interactions
Biosphere, region, landscape, ecosystems
How can the several insect eating warblers live in the same forest without one species eliminating the competition
partion
what are the role of epiphytes in forest ecosystem nutrient dynamics
they contain significant quantities of nutrients, and support a diverse community of plants and animals
What is the
influence of forests on
nutrient budget of
northern hardwood
forests
They provide nutrients and if removed nitrate levels decrease 10x
The ___ ______ of landscapes can be reconstructed using the pollen contained within the sediments of a nearby lake.
vegetation history
Three fundamental ways to test a hypothesis
observation experiment modeling
Many global-scale phenomena are mediated through
interactions between the atmosphere and the
________
hydrosphere
There tends to be warm temps off the coast of SA during
El Nino
During El Nino the storm generation moves
eastward
The interaction of ______ and _______ circulation leads to shifting
patterns of rainfall and temperatures globally
Walker Meridonial
Strongly positive values indicate high barometric pressure and are
la nina
atmospheric circulation system that moves in the plane of the equator
Walker circulation
reduced concentration of C14 in the atmosphere as a consequence of fossil fuel burning
suess effect
highest concentration of atmospheric gases occur in the
troposphere
ozone is most concentrated in the
stratosphere
Human alteration of 4 global cycles
carbon, nitrogen, phosphorous, mercury
Environmental problem: production of persistent _____ ______
organic pollutants
_____ ______ by human processes now exceeds non-human sources
nitrogen fixation
_____ has varied directly in relation to CO2 levels
temperature
The concentration of C14 has decreases with the _____________
burning of fossil fuels
Northern hemisphere has ____ ____ as the equator faces the sun
spring equinox
subtropical and polar air masses meet, creating a _____ _____ climate
moist temperate
Dry descending air absorbs moisture, forming ______
deserts
Rising air at the equator is associated with a ____ ____ climate
moist tropical
There are _____ air circulation cells on each side of the equator
three
produces a deflection of winds to the right in the northern hemisphere, and vice versa for southern
coriolis effect
tool to explore the relationship between the distribution of terrestrial vegetation and climate
climate diagrams
Soil Horizons
OABC
major divisions of the terrestrial environment,
distinguished by their predominate plants and are
associated with particular climates.
biomes
Rainfall exceeds 100 mm, and temperature variation is slight
tropical rainforest
very wet and very dry seasons
tropical dry forest
the wet season is generally short and drier than a tropical dry forest, and some soils are impermeable
grass lands
has summer drought and moist cool season, but moderate temperatures year round
mediterranean climate
winters are cold and dry, and peak rain coincides with peak temp, several months are below freezing
temperate grasslands
_____ _____ can store lots of dead organic matter
temperate forest
produces a deflection of winds to the right in the northern hemisphere, and vice versa for southern
coriolis effect
tool to explore the relationship between the distribution of terrestrial vegetation and climate
climate diagrams
Soil Horizons
OABC
major divisions of the terrestrial environment,
distinguished by their predominate plants and are
associated with particular climates.
biomes
Rainfall exceeds 100 mm, and temperature variation is slight
tropical rainforest
very wet and very dry seasons
tropical dry forest
the wet season is generally short and drier than a tropical dry forest, and some soils are impermeable
grass lands
has summer drought and moist cool season, but moderate temperatures year round
mediterranean climate
winters are cold and dry, and peak rain coincides with peak temp, several months are below freezing
temperate grasslands
_____ _____ can store lots of dead organic carbon
temperate forest
great temperature variation, limited growing season
boreal forest
short growin season, low temps
tundra
decreasing elevations in mountain ranges demonstrate
less rain and higher temps
  Heat - wind circulation

 Evaporation

Condensation

time
required for the entire
volume of a reservoir to be
renewed.
turnover time
oceanic zones in descending order
epipelagic,mesopelagic, bathypelagic, abyssal, hadal
marine environment supports _____ phyla
endemic
indicates that the
characteristics of
streams and rivers
change from
headwaters to mouths
river continuum
A ________ river has a max flow 50x greater than its minimum flow
semiarid
_____ and Great lakes contain 40% of the worlds fresh water
Baikal
plants grow in the _____ zone of a lake
littoral
descending lake zones
limnetic, metalimnion, hypolimnion
Low biological production, although
often well oxygenated.
oligotrophic
High biological production, but may be
depleted of oxygen
eutrophic
_____ _____ carves the salt marsh into highly complex landscape
tidal ebb
- the measurable or manifest characteristics of an
organism
phenotype