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100 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The living organisms within an ecosystem
Community
Stable communities classified by vegetation
Biome
broad geographical areas with some internal uniformity of climate, rocks, soils, and living things that can be distinguished from adjacent areas by one or more characteristic communities
Ecological Region
Biome 1
Central Prairies and Woodlands
Biome 2
Eastern Forests
Biome 3
Edwards Plateau
Biome 4
Southern Thorn Woodlands and Prairies
Biome 5
Trans-Pecos Mountains and Deserts
Biome 6
Western Plains
There is a ____ to ____ rainfall gradient
East to West
There is a ____ to ____ temperature gradient
Norrthwest to Southeast
The highest mean annual rainfall is in ____.
Eastern Forests
The lowest mean annual rainfall is in ____.
Trans-Pecos Mountains and Deserts
The highest mean temperature is in ____.
Gulf Coast, Lower Rio Grande Valley
The lowest tmean annual temperature is in the ____.
Western Plains, Panhandle Region
What effects rainfall and temperature?
Elevation
Rainfall ____ as altitude ____.
Increases, Increases
Temperature ____ as altitude ____.
Decreases, Increases
Increasing size and density of woody species is called ____.
Thicketization
List three causes of thicketization
Overgrazing, Seed dispersal of livestock, fire prevention
The Edwards Plateau is defined on the ____ and the ____ by the Balcones Escarpment.
South and East
The Edwards Plateu border is less defined on the ____ and ____.
North and West
UTSA vegetation is influenced by _____.
The Southern Thorn Woodlands and Prairies
Historically the Edwards Plateau was characterized by ____ with ____ more restricted in their distribution.
Live Oak Savannah, Junipers
Zone where two or more communities meet and integrate
Ecotone
Sotol
Dasylirion texanum
Agarita
Berberis trifoliolata
Ash juniper
Juniperus ashei
Ball Moss
Tillandsia recurvata
Evergreen Sumac
Rhus virens
Mistletoe
Phorandendron tomentosum
Mountain Laurel
Sophora secundiflora
Scrub live Oak
Quercus fusiformis
Spanish Dagger
Yucca treculeana
Texas Persimmon
Diospyrus texana
Twist Leaf Yucca
Yucca rupicola
Semi-arid region dominated by thorny shrubs
Southern Thorn Woodland and Prairies
Most biodiverse biome due to elevation gradient
Trans-Pecos Mountains and Deserts
Big bluestem, little bluestem, indian grass
Central Prairies and Woodlands
Sideoats Grama, Sea Oats
Central Prairies and Woodlands
Blazing Star, Maximillian Sunflower
Central Prairies and Woodlands
Beach pursane, Beach morning Glory
Central Prairies and Woodlands
Mesquite, Cedar Elm
Central Prairies and Woodlands
Hackberry, Burr Oak
Central Prairies and Woodlands
Prairie Kingsnake
Central Prairies and Woodlands
Great Plains Ratsnake, Keeled Earless Lizard
Central Woodlands and Prairies
Eastern meadowlark
Central Prairies and Woodlands
Atwater Prairie Chicken
Central Prairies and Woodlands
Whooping Crane
Central Prairies and Woodlands
Red Wolf, Coyote
Central Prairies and Woodlands
Texas Trillium, Cardinal Flower
Eastern Forest
Southern Pitcher Plant, Roundleaf Sundew
Eastern Forests
Southern Red Oak, Sweetgum, Bluejack Oak
Eastern Forests
Post Oak, Black Hickory, Water Oak
Eastern Forests
Bald Cypress, Swamp Tupelo
Eastern Forests
Longleaf Pine, Loblolly Pine, Shortleaf Pine,
Eastern Forests
Green Tree Frog, Spring Peeper
Eastern Forests
Texas Rat Snake
Eastern Forests
Eastern Fence Lizard
Eastern Forests
Cottonmouth
Eastern Forests
Timber Rattlesnake
Eastern Forests
Coral Snake
Eastern Forests
American Alligator
Eastern Forests
Pileated Woodpecker
Eastern Forests
Gray Catbird, Indigo Bunting
Eastern Forests
Beaver
Eastern Forests
Edge Falls Anemone
Edwards Plateau
Texas Snowbell
Edwards Plateau
TX Blind Salamander
Edwards Plateau
Nightsnake
Edwards Plateau
TX Alligator Lizard
Edwards Plateau
Golden Cheeked Warbler, Black Capped Vireo
Edwards Plateau
Ringtail Cat
Edwards Plateau
Rock Squirrel
Edwards Plateau
Mexican Free-Tailed Bat
Edwards Plateau
Black brush, Prickly Pear Cactus
Southern Thorn Woodlands and Prairies
Huisache, Mesquite, texas Ebony
Southern Thorn Woodlands and Prairies
Anaqua, Tepequaje, Texas palmetto
Southern Thorn Woodlands and Prairies
Roadrunner, Chachalaca
Southern Thorn Woodlands and Prairies
White Wing Dove, Altamira Oriole
Southern Thorn Woodlands and Prairies
Green Jay, Great Kiskadee
Southern Thorn Woodlands and Prairies
Javelina, Woodrat, Ocelot
Southern Thorn Woodlands and Prairies
Claret Cup
Trans Pecos Mountains and Deserts
Cactus, Agave, Yucca, Creosote Bush
Trans Pecos Mountains and Deserts
Gray Oak, Alligator Juniper, Pinyon Pine
Trans Pecos Mountains and Deserts
DOuglas Fir, Limer Pine, Ponderosa Pine
Trans Pecos Mountains and Deserts
TX Horned Lizard, Trans-Pecos Rat Snake
Trans Pecos Mountains and Deserts
TX Horned Lizard
Trans Pecos Mountains and Deserts
Black-Tailed Jack Rabbit, Mule Deer
Trans Pecos Mountains and Deserts
Longleaf Pine, Shortleaf Pine
Eastern Forests
Contains the greatest variation of trees and amphibians than anywhere else in the state.
Eastern Forests
Dominated by Tall Trees
Eastern Forests
Elevations Differ greatly within this region
Trans Pecos Mountains and Deserts
This is an extension of the Great Plains Area of the US
Western Plains
Milkweed
Western Plains
Buffalo grass, Blue Grama
Western Plains
Redberry Juniper, Rocky Mountain Juniper
Western Plains
Monarch Butterfly, Prairie Rattlesnake
Western Plains
Burowing Owl, Red-Tailed Hawk, Sandhill Crane
Western Plains
Prairie Dog, Coyote
Western Plains