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874 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
abeo, abire, abivi(ii), abitus
depart, go away; go off, go forth; pass away, die, disappear; be changed
accipio, accipere, accepi, acceptus
take, grasp, receive, accept, undertake; admit, let in, hear, learn; obey
acer, acris -e, acrior -or -us, acerrimus -a -um
sharp, bitter, pointed, piercing, shrill; sagacious, keen; severe, vigorous
addo, addere, addidi, additus
add, insert, bring/attach to, say in addition; increase; impart; associate
adeo, adire, adivi(ii), aditus
approach; attack; visit, address; undertake; take possession
adgredior, adgredi, adgressus sum
approach, advance; attack, assail; undertake, seize, attempt
thus far, till now, to this point; hitherto; yet, as yet; still; besides
adjungo, adjungere, adjunxi, adjunctus
add, attach, join to, add to, support; apply to; harness, yoke; direct; confer
adloquor, adloqui, adlocutus sum
speak to; address, harangue, make a speech; call on; console
admoneo, admonere, admonui, admonitus
admonish, remind, prompt; suggest, advise, raise; persuade, urge; warn, caution
adoleo, adolere, -, -
emit/give out a smell/odor
adsiduus, adsidua -um, adsiduior -or -us, adsiduissimus -a -um
constant, regular; unremitting, incessant; ordinary; landowning, first-class
adspicio, adspicere, adspexi, adspectus
look/gaze on/at, see, observe, behold, regard; face; consider, contemplate
adsurgo, adsurgere, adsurrexi, adsurrectus
rise/stand up, rise to one's feet/from bed; climb, lift oneself; grow; soar
advenio, advenire, adveni, adventus
come to, arrive; arrive at, reach, be brought; develop, set in, arise
advenus, advena, advenum
foreign, alien; migrant; recently arrived; unskilled, inexperienced, ignorant
adverto, advertere, adverti, adversus
turn/face to/towards; direct/draw one's attention to; steer/pilot
aequo, aequare, aequavi, aequatus
level, make even/straight; equal; compare; reach as high or deep as
aequor, aequoris N
level/smooth surface, plain; surface of the sea; sea, ocean
aer, aeris
air; atmosphere, sky; cloud, mist, weather; breeze; odor
aerius, aeria, aerium
of/produced in/existing in/flying in air, airborne/aerial; towering, airy; blue
aestas, aestatis F
summer; summer heat/weather; a year
aetas, aetatis F
lifetime, age, generation; period; stage, period of life, time, era
Aethiops, Aethiopis
Ethiopian, of/connected with Ethiopia/Sudan/central Africa
aevum, aevi N
time, time of life, age, old age, generation; passage/lapse of time; all time
agellus, agelli M
little field, small plot of land, farm, small estate
ager, agri M
field, ground; farm, land, estate, park; territory, country; terrain; soil
agnus, agni M
ago, agere, egi, actus
drive/urge/conduct/act; spend; thank; deliver
agrestis, agrestis, agreste
rustic, inhabiting countryside; rude, wild, savage; of/passing through fields
agricola, agricolae M
farmer, cultivator, gardener, agriculturist; plowman, countryman, peasant
albus, alba -um, albior -or -us, albissimus -a -um
white, pale, fair, hoary, gray; bright, clear; favorable, auspicious, fortunate
alga, algae F
sea-weed; rubbish, uncountable stuff; water plants
largely, to a large extent, a lot of
alius, alia, aliud
other, another; different, changed
almus, alma, almum
nourishing, kind, propitious; of a nurse/breast, providing nurture, fostering
alnus, alna, alnum
of alder-wood, alder-
alnus, alni F
alder; plank, bridge, boat, ship
alo, alere, alui, altus
feed, nourish, rear, nurse, suckle; cherish; support, maintain, develop
Alpinus, Alpina, Alpinum
Alpine; of the Alps
altar, altaris N
altar, fittings for burnt offerings; burnt offerings; high altar
alter, altera, alterum
one; second/another; former/latter
alternus, alterna, alternum
alternate, one after the/every other, by turns, successive; mutual; reciprocal
altus, alta -um, altior -or -us, altissimus -a -um
high; deep/profound; shrill; lofty/noble; deep rooted; far-fetched; grown great
amarus, amara -um, amarior -or -us, amarissimus -a -um
bitter, brackish, pungent; harsh, shrill; sad, calamitous; ill-natured, caustic
ambo, ambae, ambo
both; two of pair; two considered together, both parties; each of two
can it be that
anguis, anguis
snake, serpent; dragon; Draco, Serpens, Hydra
anima, animae F
soul, spirit, vital principle; life; breathing; wind, breeze; air
animal, animalis N
animal, living thing/offspring; creature, beast, brute; insect
animus, animi M
mind; intellect; soul; feelings; heart; spirit, courage, character, pride; air
annus, anni M
year; age, time of life; year's produce; circuit, course
ansa, ansae F
handle, tiller; opening, opportunity; end, loop, hook
anser, anseris
in front/presence of, in view; before; over against, facing
antiquus, antiqua -um, antiquior -or -us, antiquissimus -a -um
old/ancient/aged; time-honored; simple/classic; venerable; archaic/outdated
antrum, antri N
cave; cavern; hollow place with overarching foliage; cavity, hollow; tomb
aper, apri
boar, wild boar; a fish
apio, apere, -, aptus
fasten, attach, join, connect, bind
Apollo, Apollinis M
appareo, apparere, apparui, apparitus
appear; be evident/visible/noticed/found; show up, occur; serve
apricus, aprica -um, apricior -or -us, apricissimus -a -um
sunny, having lots of sunshine; warmed by/exposed to/open to the sun, basking
apsum, apesse, afui, afuturus
be away/absent/distant/missing; be free/removed from; be lacking; be distinct
aqua, aquae F
water; sea, lake; river, stream; rain, rainfall, rainwater; spa; urine
aquilus, aquila, aquilum
dark colored/hued, swarthy
aquosus, aquosa -um, aquosior -or -us, aquosissimus -a -um
abounding in water, well watered, wet; humid, rainy; clear as water, watery
aratrum, aratri N
arbor, arboris F
tree; tree trunk; mast; oar; ship; gallows; spearshaft; beam; squid?
arbutus, arbuti F
arbutus, strawberry tree
arcadia, arcadiae
a region in mainland Greece
arcas, arcadis
an Arcadian
arethusa, arethusae
a Nereid nymph
arguo, arguere, argui, argutus
prove, argue, allege; disclose; accuse, complain of, charge, blame, convict
armentum, armenti N
herd; a head of cattle, individual bull/horse; cattle/horses
armum, armi N
arms, weapons, armor, shield; close fighting weapons; equipment; force
aro, arare, aravi, aratus
plow, till, cultivate; produce by plowing, grow; furrow, wrinkle
artus, arta -um, artior -or -us, artissimus -a -um
close, firm, tight; thrifty; dense, narrow; strict; scarce, critical; brief
asper, aspera -um, asperior -or -us, asperrimus -a -um
rude/unrefined; cruel/violent/savage/raging/drastic; stern/severe/bitter; hard
aspicio, aspicere, aspexi, aspectus
look/gaze on/at, see, observe, behold, regard; face; consider, contemplate
assum, adesse, affui, affuturus
be near, be present, be in attendance, arrive, appear; aid
astrum, astri N
star, heavenly body, planet/sun/moon; the stars, constellation; sky, heaven
but, but on the other hand; on the contrary; while, whereas; but yet; at least
attero, atterere, attrivi, attritus
rub, rub against; grind; chafe; wear out/down/away; diminish, impair; waste
attondeo, attondere, attondi, attonsus
clip, shear; strip of money, fleece; thrash; prune, trim, crop
audio, audire, audivi, auditus
hear, listen, accept, agree with; obey; harken, pay attention; be able to hear
aufero, auferre, abstuli, ablatus
bear/carry/take/fetch/sweep/snatch away/off, remove, withdraw; steal, obtain
aura, aurae F
breeze, breath, wind; gleam; odor, stench; vapor; air, heaven
aureus, aurea, aureum
of gold, golden; gilded; gold bearing; gleaming like gold; beautiful, splendid
auris, auris F
ear; hearing; a discriminating sense of hearing,"ear"; pin on plow
avena, avenae F
reed, straw; shepherd's pipe, pan pipe; oats, wild oats, other allied grasses
averto, avertere, averti, aversus
turn away from/aside, divert, rout; disturb; withdraw; steal, misappropriate
baca, bacae F
berry, fruit of tree/shrub; olive; pearl; piece/bead of coral
baccor, baccari, baccatus sum
run riot/wild/crazy, dash in a frenzy; be frenzied
barbo, barbare, barbavi, barbatus
supply with a beard
beatus, beata -um, beatior -or -us, beatissimus -a -um
happy, fortunate, bringing happiness; rich, wealthy, copious, sumptuous
bellus, bella -um, bellior -or -us, bellissimus -a -um
pretty, handsome, charming, pleasant, agreeable, polite; nice, fine, excellent
bene, melius, optime
well, very, quite, rightly, agreeably, cheaply, in good style; better; best
bibo, bibere, bibi, bibitus
drink; toast; visit, frequent; drain, draw off; thirst for; suck
bitumen, bituminis N
bitumen, pitch, asphalt
bonus, bona -um, melior -or -us, optimus -a -um
good, honest, brave, noble, kind, pleasant, right, useful; valid; healthy
Boreas, Boreae M
north wind; the North; Boreas
bos, bovis
ox; bull; cow; ox-ray; cattle
brevis, breve, brevior -or -us, brevissimus -a -um
short, little, small, stunted; brief, concise, quick; narrow, shallow; humble
bucula, buculae F
heifer, young cow
cacumen, cacuminis N
top, peak, summit; shoot, blade of grass, tip of tree/branch; zenith; limit
cado, cadere, cecidi, casus
fall, sink, drop, plummet, topple; be slain, die; end, cease, abate; decay
caelus, caeli M
heaven, sky, heavens; space; air, climate, weather; universe, world; Jehovah
Caesar, Caesaris M
calamus, calami M
reed, cane; reed pen; reed/pan pipe; arrow; fishing pole; stalk; sweet flag
cancer, cancri M
crab; Cancer; the South; summer heat; cancer, disease, tumor, canker
candidus, candida -um, candidior -or -us, candidissimus -a -um
bright, clear, transparent; clean/spotless; lucid; candid; kind; innocent, pure
canis, canis
dog; hound; subordinate; "jackal"; dog-star/fish; lowest dice throw; clamp
cantharus, canthari M
large drinking vessel with handles; bowl/basin of fountain; Black Sea bream
caper, capri M
he-goat, billy-goat; goatish/armpit smell; star in Auriga; grunting fish
capio, capere, cepi, captus
take hold, seize; grasp; take bribe; arrest/capture; put on; occupy; captivate
caput, capitis N
head; person; life; leader; top; source/mouth; capital
carpo, carpere, carpsi, carptus
seize/pick/pluck/gather/browse/tear off; graze/crop; tease/pull out/card
carus, cara -um, carior -or -us, carissimus -a -um
dear, beloved; costly, precious, valued; high-priced, expensive
castanea, castaneae F
chestnut-tree, chestnut
castrum, castri N
fort/fortress; camp, military camp/field; army; war service; day's march
causo, causare, causavi, causatus
cautis, cautis F
rough pointed/detached rock, loose stone; rocks, cliff, crag; reef
caveo, cavere, cavi, cautus
beware, avoid, take precautions/defensive action; give/get surety; stipulate
cavo, cavare, cavavi, cavatus
hollow out, make concave/hollow; excavate; cut/pierce through; carve in relief
cedo, cedere, cessi, cessus
go/pass; withdraw/retire/leave; step aside/make way; take place of
cero, cerare, ceravi, ceratus
smear/coat with wax
certamen, certaminis N
contest, competition; battle, combat, struggle; rivalry; dispute
certo, certare, certavi, certatus
vie, contest, contend/struggle, dispute; fight, strive
certus, certa -um, certior -or -us, certissimus -a -um
fixed, settled, firm; certain; trusty/reliable; sure; resolved, determined
cervos, cervi M
stag/deer; forked branches; chevaux-de-frise
cesso, cessare, cessavi, cessatus
be remiss/inactive; hold back, leave off, delay, cease from; rest; be free of
chalcidicum, chalcidici N
kind of portico or porch
chorus, chori M
chorus; choral passage in a play; dancing/singing performance/ers; school
chromis, chromis
sea fish
cingo, cingere, cinxi, cinctus
surround/encircle/ring; enclose; beleaguer; accompany; gird, equip; ring
cinis, cineris
ashes; embers, spent love/hate; ruin, destruction; the grave/dead, cremation
cinis, cineris
ashes; embers, spent love/hate; ruin, destruction; the grave/dead, cremation
cinna, cinnae
around, about, among, near, in neighborhood of; in circle around
circumdo, circumdare, circumdedi, circumdatus
surround; envelop, post/put/place/build around; enclose; beset; pass around
circundo, circundare, circundedi, circundatus
surround; envelop, post/put/place/build around; enclose; beset; pass around
circus, circi M
race course; circus in Rome, celebration of games; circle; orbit
clamo, clamare, clamavi, clamatus
proclaim, declare; cry/shout out; shout/call name of; accompany with shouts
claudo, claudere, clausi, clausus
close, shut, block up; conclude, finish; blockade, besiege; enclose; confine
clivus, cliva, clivum
which forbid anything to be done
coepi, coeptus (also coepio -ere)
begin, commence, initiate; set foot on
cognosco, cognoscere, cognovi, cognitus
become acquainted with/aware of; recognize; learn, find to be; inquire/examine
cogo, cogere, coegi, coactus
collect/gather, round up, restrict/confine; force/compel; convene; congeal
colligo, colligere, collegi, collectus
collect, assemble, bring/gather/hold/keep together; combine; harvest; pick up
collis, collis M
hill, hillock, eminence, hill-top; mound; high ground; mountains
collum, colli N
neck; throat; head and neck; severed head; upper stem; mountain ridge
colonus, coloni M
farmer, cultivator, tiller; tenant-farmer; settler, colonist; inhabitant
colos, coloris M
color; pigment; shade/tinge; complexion; outward appearance/show; excuse/pretex
columba, columbae F
pigeon; dove
commaculo, commaculare, commaculavi, commaculatus
stain deeply, pollute, defile; contaminate, defile morally; sully
compello, compellere, compuli, compulsus
drive together, round up; force, compel, impel, drive; squeeze; gnash
concedo, concedere, concessi, concessus
relinquish/give up/concede; depart; pardon; submit, allow/grant/permit/condone
concresco, concrescere, concrevi, concretus
thicken; condense/collect; set/curdle/congeal; clot/coagulate; solidify/freeze
concubeo, concubere, concubui, concubitus
lie with; have sexual intercourse with
condo, condere, condidi, conditus
put/insert; store up/put away, preserve, bottle; bury/inter; sink
conjungo, conjungere, conjunxi, conjunctus
connect, join/yoke together; marry; connect/compound
conjunx, (gen.), conjugis
yoked together; paired; linked as a pair
consido, considere, consedi, consessus
sit down/be seated; hold sessions, sit, try; settle; alight; subside/sink
consumo, consumere, consumpsi, consumptus
burn up, destroy/kill; put end to; reduce/wear away; annul; extinguish
contendo, contendere, contendi, contentus
stretch, draw tight, make taut; draw/bend; tune; stretch out
contingo, contingere, contigi, contactus
touch; reach; border on, be connected with; affect, hit; take hold, seize
against, facing, opposite; weighed against; as against; in resistance/reply to
cornix, cornicis F
cornu, cornus N
horn; hoof; beak/tusk/claw; bow; horn/trumpet; end, wing of army; mountain top
corripio, corripere, corripui, correptus
seize/grasp/snatch up, lay hold of; sweep off; carry away; appropriate/arrogate
cortex, corticis
bark; cork; skin, rind, husk, hull; outer covering, shell, carapace, chrysalis
corylus, coryli F
hazel-tree; hazel wood; filbert shrub
coturnus, coturni M
lofty-style-actor; tragic actor declaiming in lofty style; buskin-clad actor
credo, credere, credidi, creditus
trust, entrust; commit/consign; believe, trust in, rely on, confide; suppose
credulus, credula, credulum
credulous, trusting, gullible; prone to believe/trust; full of confidence
cresco, crescere, crevi, cretus
come forth/to be; arise/spring; be born; become visible/great; grow
crinis, crinis M
hair; lock of hair, tress, plait; plume; tail of a comet
crudelis, crudele, crudelior -or -us, crudelissimus -a -um
cruel/hardhearted/unmerciful/severe, bloodthirsty/savage/inhuman; harsh/bitter
when, at the time/on each occasion/in the situation that; after; since/although
cupio, cupere, cupivi, cupitus
wish/long/be eager for; desire/want, covet; desire as a lover; favor, wish well
curro, currere, cucurri, cursus
run/trot/gallop, hurry/hasten/speed, move/travel/proceed/flow swiftly/quickly
cursus, cursus M
running; speed/zeal; charge, onrush; forward movement/march; revolution
custos, custodis
guard; sentry/watch; guardian/protector/keeper; doorkeeper/watchman/janitor
cycnus, cycni M
cydonium, cydonii N
quince wine/juice; quince
cytisum, cytisi N
fodder plant, tree-medick Medicago arborea; wood of this; scrubby snail-clover
damma, dammae F
fallow/red-deer; small member of deer family; gazelle/antelope; doe
daphne, daphnes F
laurel-tree; bay-tree; daughter of river-god Peneus changed into laurel-tree
daps, dapis F
sacrificial feast/meal; feast, banquet; food composing it; food/meal of animals
down/away from, from, off; about, of, concerning; according to; with regard to
debeo, debere, debui, debitus
owe; be indebted/responsible for/obliged/bound/destined; ought, must, should
decedo, decedere, decessi, decessus
withdraw/retire, go off/away, depart, leave; relinquish/cease; desert/abandon
decipio, decipere, decepi, deceptus
cheat/deceive/mislead/dupe/trap; elude/escape notice; disappoint/frustrate/foil
deduco, deducere, deduxi, deductus
lead/draw//pull/bring/stretch down/away/out/off; escort; eject/evict
deerro, deerrare, deerravi, deerratus
go astray, wander off; miss, stray from target/goal; err/make a mistake/go wron
defendo, defendere, defendi, defensus
defend/guard/protect, look after; act/speak/plead/write for defense; prosecute
defero, deferre, detuli, delatus
carry/bring/sink/fall down/off; convey/deliver/transfer; reduce/slope
delabor, delabi, delapsus sum
slip/fall/glide/fly/flow down; fall freely/out of control/prostrate; slip into
delicia, deliciae F
favorite/pet/darling/beloved; man w/fine taste/gourmet; voluptuary
delphis, delphinos/is M
dolphin; ornament shaped like a dolphin; constellation
demitto, demittere, demisi, demissus
drop, let fall; sink; send/cast/go/flow/float/slope down; flow/shed/let
demo, demere, dempsi, demptus
take/cut away/off, remove, withdraw; subtract; take away from
densus, densa -um, densior -or -us, densissimus -a -um
thick/dense/solid; crowded/thick planted/packed/covered
depello, depellere, depuli, depulsus
drive/push out//off/away/aside, repel; expel; remove, wean; banish utterly
depono, deponere, deposui, depostus
put/lay down/aside/away; let drop/fall; give up; resign; deposit/entrust/commit
descendo, descendere, descendi, descensus
descend, climb/march/come/go/flow/run/hang down; dismount; penetrate/sink
desero, deserere, deserui, desertus
leave/depart/quit/desert; forsake/abandon/give up; withdraw support, let down
desino, desinere, desivi, desitus
stop/end/finish, abandon/leave/break off, desist/cease; come to/at end/close
despicio, despicere, despexi, despectus
look down on/over; relax attention; disdain, despise; express contempt for
desum, deesse, defui, defuturus
be wanting/lacking; fail/miss; abandon/desert, neglect; be away/absent/missing
detineo, detinere, detinui, detentus
detain, hold; hold off, keep away; hold prisoner; retain; occupy
deus, dei
god; God; divine essence/being, supreme being; statue of god
dies, diei
day; daylight; open sky; weather
dignor, dignari, dignatus sum
deem/consider/think worthy/becoming/deserving/fit; deign, condescend
dignus, digna -um, dignior -or -us, dignissimus -a -um
appropriate/suitable; worthy, deserving, meriting; worth
discludo, discludere, disclusi, disclusus
divide, separate, keep apart; shut off
disco, discere, didici, discitus
learn; hear, get to know, become acquainted with; acquire knowledge/skill of/in
distendo, distendere, distendi, distentus
stretch; spread out; distend; extend; rack; detract, perplex
diverto, divertere, diverti, diversus
separate; divert, turn away/in; digress; oppose; divorce/leave marriage
divinus, divina -um, divinior -or -us, divinissimus -a -um
divine, of a deity/god, godlike; sacred; divinely inspired, prophetic; natural
divus, diva -um, -, divissimus -a -um
divine; blessed, saint
do, dare, dedi, datus
give; dedicate; sell; pay; grant/bestow/impart/offer/lend; devote; allow; make
doceo, docere, docui, doctus
teach, show, point out
dolus, doli M
trick, device, deceit, treachery, trickery, cunning, fraud
while, as long as, until
dono, donare, donavi, donatus
present, grant; forgive; give, bestow
Dorius, Doria, Dorium
duco, ducere, additional, forms
lead, command; think, consider, regard; prolong
dulcis, dulce, dulcior -or -us, dulcissimus -a -um
pleasant, charming; sweet; kind, dear; soft, flattering, delightful
duro, durare, duravi, duratus
harden, make hard; become hard/stern; bear, last, remain, continue; endure
durus, dura -um, durior -or -us, durissimus -a -um
hard, stern; harsh, rough, vigorous; cruel, unfeeling, inflexible; durable
dux, ducis M
leader, guide; commander, general; Duke
out of, from; by reason of; according to; because of, as a result of
ebulum, ebuli N
danewort, dwarf elder
behold! see! look! there! here!
edisco, ediscere, edidici, -
learn by heart; commit to memory; study; get to know
edo, edere, edi, essus
eat/consume/devour; eat away; destroy; spend money on food
effero, efferre, extuli, elatus
carry out; bring out; carry out for burial; raise
effigies, effigiei F
copy, image, likeness, portrait; effigy, statue; ghost
electrum, electri N
electrum; amber; electron
behold! see! lo! here! hey! look at this!
eo, eare, evi, etus
go, walk; march, advance; pass; flow; pass; ride; be in the middle
same, the same, the very same; also
truly, indeed; for my part
equus, equi M
horse; steed
erigo, erigere, erexi, erectus
raise, erect, build; rouse, excite, stimulate
errabundus, errabunda, errabundum
erro, errare, erravi, erratus
wander, go astray; make a mistake, err; vacillate
error, erroris M
wandering; error; winding, maze; uncertainty; deception
erubesco, erubescere, erubui, -
redden, blush, blush at; blush for shame, be ashamed of
and also, besides/furthermore, in addition/as well; even, actually; yes/indeed
evincio, evincere, evinxi, evinctus
bind, bind up/around; wind around; wreathe round
out of, from; by reason of; according to; because of, as a result of
examen, examinis N
exam/test; apparatus/process of weighing, balance
excio, excire, excivi, excitus
rouse; call out send for; summon; evoke
exordium, exordi(i) N
beginning; introduction, preface
experior, experiri, expertus sum
test, put to the test; find out; attempt, try; prove, experience
exspecto, exspectare, exspectavi, exspectatus
lookout for, await; expect, anticipate, hope for
exter, extera -um, exterior -or -us, extremus -a -um
outer/external; outward; on outside, far; of another country, foreign; strange
exuvia, exuviae F
things stripped off; spoils, booty; memento, something of another's
fagus, fagi F
beech tree
fallo, fallere, fefelli, falsus
deceive; slip by; disappoint; be mistaken, beguile, drive away; fail; cheat
fama, famae F
rumor; reputation; tradition; fame, public opinion, ill repute; report, news
fascis, fascis M
bundles of rods
Faunus, Fauni M
rustic god; deity of forest, herdsman; sometimes identified with Pan
fax, facis F
torch, firebrand, fire; flame of love; torment
ferio, ferire, -, -
hit, strike; strike a bargain; kill, slay
ferula, ferulae F
stick, rod
ferus, fera, ferum
wild, savage; uncivilized; untamed; fierce
fessus, fessa, fessum
tired, wearied, fatigued, exhausted; worn out, weak, feeble, infirm, sick
fetura, feturae F
breeding; gestation, carrying young; bearing/forth young, parturition
fingo, fingere, finxi, fictus
mold, form, shape; create, invent; produce; imagine; compose; devise, contrive
fio, feri, factus sum
happen, come about; result; take place, be held, occur, arise
fiscella, fiscellae F
small wicker-basket
fistula, fistulae F
shepherd's pipe; tube; waterpipe
flamma, flammae F
flame, blaze; ardor, fire of love; object of love
fleo, flere, flevi, fletus
cry for; cry, weep
floreo, florere, florui, -
flourish, blossom, be prosperous; be in one's prime
flos, floris M
flower, blossom; youthful prime
fluctus, fluctus M
wave; disorder; flood, flow, tide, billow, surge; turbulence, commotion
fluo, fluere, fluxi, fluxus
flow, stream; emanate, proceed from; fall gradually
fluvius, fluvi(i) M
river, stream; running water
focus, foci M
hearth, fireplace; altar; home, household, family; cook stove
fons, fontis M
spring, fountain, well; source/fount; principal cause; font; baptistry
forma, formae F
form, figure, appearance; beauty; mold, pattern
formosus, formosa -um, formosior -or -us, formosissimus -a -um
beautiful, finely formed, handsome, fair; having fine appearance/form
fors, fortis F
chance; luck, fortune; accident
fortuno, fortunare, fortunavi, fortunatus
make happy, bless, prosper
foveo, fovere, fovi, fotus
keep warm; favor, cherish, maintain, foster
fragilis, fragilis, fragile
brittle, frail; impermanent
frango, frangere, fregi, fractus
break, shatter, crush; dishearten, subdue, weaken; move, discourage
fraxinus, fraxina, fraxinum
of ash; ashen
frigidus, frigida -um, frigidior -or -us, frigidissimus -a -um
cold, cool, chilly, frigid; lifeless, indifferent, dull
frons, frondis F
foliage, leaves, leafy branch, green bough, frond
frons, frontis
forehead, brow; face; look; front; fore part of anything
frustro, frustrare, frustravi, frustratus
disappoint, frustrate, deceive; escape/elude; baffle/evade; fail
frux, frugis F
crops, fruits, produce, legumes; honest men
fugio, fugere, fugi, fugitus
flee, fly, run away; avoid, shun; go into exile
fulcio, fulcire, fulsi, fultus
prop up, support
fuligo, fuliginis F
soot; lamp-black
fundo, fundere, fudi, fusus
pour, cast; scatter, shed, rout
furor, furoris M
madness, rage, fury, frenzy; passionate love
furtum, furti N
theft; trick, deception; stolen article
fuscus, fusca, fuscum
dark, swarthy, dusky; husky; hoarse
Galatea, Galateae F
Galatia, region of Asia Minor
gaudeo, gaudere, gavisus sum
be glad, rejoice
gelidus, gelida, gelidum
ice cold, icy
gemma, gemmae F
bud; jewel, gem, precious stone; amber; cup; seal, signet; game piec
genus, generis N
birth/descent/origin; race/family/house/stock/ancestry; offspring/descent
glacies, glaciei F
ice; ice fields
glans, glandis F
mast/acorn/beechnut/chestnut; missile/bullet thrown/discharged from sling
gracilis, gracile, gracilior -or -us, gracillimus -a -um
slender, thin, slim, slight; fine, narrow; modest, unambitious, simple, plain
gramen, graminis N
grass, turf; herb; plant
grandis, grandis, grande
full-grown, grown up; large, great, grand, tall, lofty; powerful; aged, old
gratus, grata -um, gratior -or -us, gratissimus -a -um
pleasing, acceptable, agreeable, welcome; dear, beloved; grateful, thankful
gravis, grave, gravior -or -us, gravissimus -a -um
heavy; painful; important; serious; pregnant; grave, oppressive, burdensome
grex, gregis
flock, herd; crowd; company, crew; people/animals assembled; set/faction/class
gryps, grypos/is M
gurges, gurgitis M
whirlpool; raging abyss; gulf, the sea; "flood","stream"
habito, habitare, habitavi, habitatus
inhabit, dwell; live, stay
haedus, haedi M
kid, young goat; two stars in constellation Auriga,"The Kid"
hamadryas, hamadryados/is F
wood-nymph, hamadryad, dryad
harundo, harundinis F
reed, cane, fishing rod, limed twigs for catching birds; arrow shaft; pipe
Hebrus, Hebri
the Hebrus river in Thrace
hedera, hederae F
Hesperus, Hesperi M
hesternus, hesterna, hesternum
of yesterday
oh! ah! alas!
hibernus, hiberna, hibernum
wintry; stormy, of/for winter time/rainy season
hibiscum, hibisci N
marsh mallow
hiems, hiemis F
winter, winter time; rainy season; cold, frost; storm, stormy weather
from here, from this source/cause; hence, henceforth
hirsutus, hirsuta, hirsutum
rough, shaggy, hairy, bristly, prickly; rude
homo, hominis M
man, human being, person, fellow
honos, honoris M
honor; respect/regard; mark of esteem, reward; dignity/grace; public office
hora, horae F
hour; time; season
horridus, horrida, horridum
wild, frightful, rough, bristly, standing on end, unkempt; grim; horrible
hortus, horti M
garden, fruit/kitchen garden; pleasure garden; park
hostis, hostis
enemy; stranger, foreigner; the enemy
here, to this place; to this point
humus, humi F
ground, soil, earth, land, country
hyacinthos, hyacinthi M
iris; sapphire; blue-dyed cloth
therefore, so/then; consequently; accordingly; well/in that case
ignarus, ignara, ignarum
ignorant; unaware, having no experience of; senseless; strange
ignis, ignis M
fire, brightness; passion, glow of passion
ignobilis, ignobilis, ignobile
ignoble; unknown, obscure; of low birth
ile, ilis N
groin, private parts; side of body from hips to groin, loin; guts
ilex, ilicis F
holm-oak, great scarlet oak, tree or wood; its acorn
Illyricum, Illyrici N
Illyricum; territory NE of Adriatic; Slovenia/Croatia region, Dalmatia/Albania
imber, imbris M
rain, shower, storm; shower of liquid/snow/hail/missiles; water
immemor, (gen.), immemoris
forgetful; lacking memory; heedless
immineo, imminere, -, -
threaten, be a threat; overhang, be imminent; with DAT
no indeed; on the contrary, more correctly; indeed, nay more
impar, (gen.), imparis
unequal; uneven, odd; inferior; not a match
impleo, implere, implevi, impletus
fill up; satisfy, fulfill; fill, finish, complete; spend
improbus, improba, improbum
wicked/flagrant; morally unsound; greedy/rude; immoderate; disloyal; shameless
imus, ima, imum
inmost, deepest, bottommost, last
inanis, inanis, inane
void, empty, hollow; vain; inane, foolish
incendo, incendere, incendi, incensus
set on fire; set fire to, kindle, burn; cause to flame/burn; keep fire burning
incido, incidere, incidi, incisus
cut into, cut open; inscribe, engrave inscription; break off
incumbo, incumbere, incumbui, incumbitus
lean forward/over/on, press on; attack, apply force; fall on
indignus, indigna -um, indignior -or -us, indignissimus -a -um
unworthy, undeserving, undeserved; unbecoming; shameful; intolerable; cruel
induco, inducere, induxi, inductus
lead in, bring in; induce, influence; introduce
iners, inertis (gen.), inertior -or -us, inertissimus -a -um
helpless, weak, inactive, inert, sluggish, stagnant; unskillful, incompetent
infelix, infelicis (gen.), infelicior -or -us, infelicissimus -a -um
unfortunate, unhappy, wretched; unlucky, inauspicious; unproductive
inflo, inflare, inflavi, inflatus
blow into/upon; puff out
inguen, inguinis N
groin; the sexual organs, privy parts
inicio, inicere, injeci, injectus
hurl/throw/strike in/into; inject; put on; inspire, instill
injussus, injussa, injussum
unbidden, voluntary, of one's own accord; without orders/command; forbidden
inquiam, -, -
insanus, insana -um, insanior -or -us, insanissimus -a -um
mad, raging, insane, demented; frenzied, wild; possessed, inspired; maddening
insero, inserere, inserui, insertus
plant, sow; graft on; put in, insert
insto, instare, institi, -
pursue, threaten; approach, press hard; be close to; stand in/on
intermisceo, intermiscere, intermiscui, intermixtus
intermingle, mix, mix among, mingle
invideo, invidere, invidi, invisus
envy, regard with envy/ill will; be jealous of; begrudge, refuse
invidia, invidiae F
hate/hatred/dislike; envy/jealousy/spite/ill will; use of words/acts to arouse
invitus, invita, invitum
reluctant; unwilling; against one's will
is, ea, id
he/she/it/they; that one
iste, ista, istud
that, that of yours, that which you refer to; such
jacio, jacere, jeci, jactus
throw, hurl, cast; throw away; utter
jacto, jactare, jactavi, jactatus
throw away, throw out, throw, jerk about; disturb; boast, discuss
jubeo, jubere, jussi, jussus
order/tell/command/direct; enjoin/command; decree/enact; request/ask/bid; pray
jubo, jubere, additional, forms
order/tell/command/direct; enjoin/command; decree/enact; request/ask/bid; pray
jugum, jugi N
yoke; team, pair; ridge, summit, chain
jungo, jungere, junxi, junctus
join, unite; bring together, clasp; connect, yoke, harness
juniperus, juniperi F
Juppiter, Jovis M
Jupiter; heavens/sky
juvenca, juvencae F
young cow, heifer; girl
juvencus, juvenci M
young bull; young man
laboro, laborare, laboravi, laboratus
work, labor; produce, take pains; be troubled/sick/oppressed, be in distress
lacero, lacerare, laceravi, laceratus
mangle; slander, torment, harass; waste; destroy; cut
lacrima, lacrimae F
tear; exuded gum/sap; bit of lead; quicksilver from ore; weeping; dirge
lacte, lactis N
milk; milky juice of plants; spat/spawn
laedo, laedere, laesi, laesus
strike; hurt, injure, wound; offend, annoy
laetus, laeta -um, laetior -or -us, laetissimus -a -um
happy/cheerful/joyful/glad; favorable/propitious; prosperous/successful
lapis, lapidis M
stone; milestone; jewel
latro, latrare, latravi, latratus
bark, bark at
laudo, laudare, laudavi, laudatus
recommend; praise, approve, extol; call upon, name; deliver eulogy on
laureus, laurea, laureum
laurel-, of the laurel/bay tree; made of laurel; resembling laurel
laurus, lauri F
laurel/bay tree/foliage/sprig/branch; triumph/victory; honor
laurus, laurus F
laurel/bay tree/foliage/sprig/branch; triumph/victory; honor
lentus, lenta -um, lentior -or -us, lentissimus -a -um
clinging, tough; slow, sluggish, lazy, procrastinating; easy, pliant
levis, leve, levior -or -us, levissimus -a -um
light, thin, trivial, trifling, slight; gentle; fickle, capricious; nimble
levo, levare, levavi, levatus
lift/raise/hold up; support; erect, set up; lift off, remove; comfort
liber, libera -um, liberior -or -us, liberrimus -a -um
free; unimpeded; void of; independent, outspoken/frank; free from tribute
libo, libare, libavi, libatus
nibble, sip; pour in offering/a libation; impair; graze, touch, skim
liceo, licere, licui, -
licium, lici(i) N
thread; leash or heddle
lilium, lili(i) N
lily; "lily" trap
limen, liminis N
threshold, entrance; lintel; house
limus, lima, limum
oblique, transverse; sidelong, sideways; askew, aslant; askance
lingua, linguae F
tongue; speech, language; dialect
liquesco, liquescere, -, -
become liquid/fluid, melt, liquefy; decompose, putrefy; grow soft/effeminate
liquidus, liquida -um, liquidior -or -us, liquidissimus -a -um
clear, limpid, pure, unmixed; liquid; flowing, without interruption; smooth
lis, litis F
lawsuit; quarrel
litus, litoris N
shore, seashore, coast, strand; river bank; beach, landing place
longus, longa -um, longior -or -us, longissimus -a -um
long; tall; tedious, taking long time; boundless; far; of specific length/time
loquor, loqui, locutus sum
speak, tell; talk; mention; say, utter; phrase
lucesco, lucescere, luxi, -
begin to shine; grow light, dawn
lucifer, lucifera, luciferum
light bringing
lucus, luci M
grove; sacred grove
ludo, ludere, lusi, lusus
play, mock, tease, trick
ludus, ludi M
game, play, sport, pastime, entertainment, fun; school, elementary school
luna, lunae F
moon; month
lupus, lupi M
wolf; grappling iron
lustro, lustrare, lustravi, lustratus
purify cermonially, cleanse by sacrifice, expiate
lux, lucis F
light, daylight, light of day; life; world; day
lyceum, lycei N
gymnasium of Aristotle; Cicero's Tusculan gymnasium; high school; college
lynx, lyncis
lynx; lynx skin/pelt; fictitious tree
magicus, magica, magicum
magic, magical
to greater extent, more nearly; rather, instead; more
magnus, magna -um, major -or -us, maximus -a -um
large/great/big/vast/huge; much; powerful; tall/long/broad; extensive/spacious
malo, malle, malui, -
prefer; incline toward, wish rather
mando, mandare, mandavi, mandatus
entrust, commit to one's charge, deliver over; commission; order, command
manus, manus F
hand, fist; team; gang, band of soldiers; handwriting; trunk
mare, maris N
sea; sea water
marinus, marina, marinum
marine; of the sea; sea born
maritus, marita, maritum
nuptial; of marriage; married, wedded, united
marmor, marmoris N
marble, block of marble, marble monument/statue; surface of the sea
marmoreus, marmorea, marmoreum
marble; of marble; marble-like
Mars, Martis M
Mars, Roman god of war; warlike spirit, fighting, battle, army, force of arms
Martius, Martia, Martium
March; abb. Mart.; of/belonging to Mars
mas, (gen.), maris
male; masculine, of the male sex; manly, virile, brave, noble; G:masculine
masculus, mascula, masculum
male/masculine, proper to males; manly/virile
mater, matris F
mother, foster mother; lady, matron; origin, source, motherland, mother city
maturus, matura -um, maturior -or -us, maturissimus -a -um
early, speedy; ripe; mature, mellow; timely, seasonable
medeor, mederi, -
heal, cure; remedy, assuage, comfort, amend
medicinus, medicina, medicinum
of the art/practice of medicine/healing, medical
medito, meditare, meditavi, meditatus
consider/contemplate/ponder; meditate, think about; reflect on; devise/plan
medius, media, medium
middle, middle of, mid; common, neutral, ordinary, moderate; ambiguous
meio, meere, mixi, mictus
urinate, make water; ejaculate
merces, mercedis F
pay, recompense, hire, salary, reward; rent, price; bribe
meto, metere, messui, messus
reap; mow, cut off
migro, migrare, migravi, migratus
transport; move; change residence/condition; go away; depart; remove
minius, minia, minium
cinnabar-red; a river in Lusitania
miro, mirare, miravi, miratus
be amazed/surprised/bewildered; look in wonder/awe/admiration at
miser, misera -um, miserior -or -us, miserrimus -a -um
poor, miserable, wretched, unfortunate, unhappy, distressing
mitesco, mitescere, -, -
become/be/grow mild/soft/gentle/mellow/tame/civilized; soften
mitto, mittere, misi, missus
send, throw, hurl, cast; let out, release, dismiss; disregard
modulor, modulari, modulatus sum
sing; play; set to music
modus, modi M
manner, mode, way, method; rule, rhythm, beat, measure, size; bound, limit
mollis, molle, mollior -or -us, mollissimus -a -um
soft; flexible/supple/loose/pliant; mild/tolerable; easy; calm
molliter, mollius, mollissime
calmly/quietly/softly/gently/smoothly/easily; w/out pain/anger/harshness; weakl
molo, molere, molui, molitus
moneo, monere, monui, monitus
remind, advise, warn; teach; admonish; foretell, presage
monstrum, monstri N
monster; portent, unnatural thing/event regarded as omen/sign/portent
morior, mori, mortuus sum
die, expire, pass/die/wither away/out; fail, come to an end; decay
moror, morari, moratus sum
delay; stay, stay behind; devote attention to
mortalis, mortalis, mortale
mortal, transient; human, of human origin
moto, motare, motavi, motatus
set in motion, shake, stir, etc
moveo, movere, movi, motus
move, stir, agitate, affect, provoke, disturb
mugitus, mugitus M
lowing, bellowing; roaring, rumble
multus, multa -um, -, plurimus -a -um
much, many, great, many a; large, intense, assiduous; tedious
mundus, munda -um, mundior -or -us, mundissimus -a -um
clean, cleanly, nice, neat, elegant, delicate; refined, pure
munus, muneris N
service; duty, office, function; gift; tribute, offering; bribes
murmur, murmuris
murmur/mutter; whisper/rustle, hum/buzz; low noise; roar/growl/grunt/rumble
musa, musae F
muse; sciences/poetry
muscosus, muscosa, muscosum
muscus, musci M
muto, mutare, mutavi, mutatus
move, change, shift, alter, exchange, substitute; modify
myrice, myrices F
myrtus, myrti F
myrtle, myrtle-tree
Naias, Naiados/is F
Naiad; water nymph; nymph
Nais, Naidos/is F
Naiad; water nymph; nymph
narcissus, narcissi M
narcissus; son of Cephisus and Liriope; rich freedman of Claudius
narro, narrare, narravi, narratus
tell, tell about, relate, narrate, recount, describe
nascor, nasci, natus sum
be produced spontaneously, come into existence/being; spring forth, grow; live
nauta, nautae M
sailor, seaman, mariner
that not, lest
and/but not yet
neco, necare, necui, nectus
kill/murder; put to death; suppress, destroy; kill; quench/drown
necto, nectere, nexui, nexus
tie, bind
nego, negare, negavi, negatus
deny, refuse; say... not
nemus, nemoris N
wood, forest
neo, nere, nevi, netus
spin; weave; produce by spinning
nepos, nepotis
grandson/daughter; descendant; spendthrift, prodigal, playboy; secondary shoot
nescio, nescire, nescivi, nescitus
not know; be ignorant/unfamiliar/unaware/unacquainted/unable/unwilling
niger, nigra, nigrum
black, dark; unlucky
nihil, undeclined N
nothing; no; trifle/thing not worth mentioning; nonentity; nonsense; no concern
nil, undeclined N
nothing; no; trifle/thing not worth mentioning; nonentity; nonsense; no concern
nimius, nimia, nimium
excessive, too great
nitor, niti, nisus sum
press/lean upon; struggle; advance; depend on; strive, labor
niveus, nivea, niveum
snowy, covered with snow; white
nix, nivis F
no, nare, navi, -
swim, float
noceo, nocere, nocui, nocitus
harm, hurt; injure
nodus, nodi M
knot; node
nomen, nominis N
name, family name; noun; account, entry in debt ledger; sake; title, heading
novus, nova -um, novior -or -us, novissimus -a -um
new, fresh, young; unusual, extraordinary
nox, noctis F
nubs, nubis M
cloud/mist/haze/dust/smoke; sky/air; billowy formation; swarm/multitude
numerus, numeri M
number/sum/total/rank; numerical strength/plurality; category; tally
at no time, never; not in any circumstances
nuper, -, nuperrime
recently, not long ago; in recent years/our own time; latest in series
nux, nucis F
nymphe, nymphes F
nymph; water; bride; young maiden
obliviscor, oblivisci, oblitus sum
obvius, obvia, obvium
in the way, easy; hostile; exposed
occurso, occursare, occursavi, occursatus
run repeatedly or in large numbers; mob; obstruct
ocis, oce, ocior -or -us, ocissimus -a -um
swift/rapid, at speed; arriving/appearing/occurring earlier/sooner
oculus, oculi M
odium, odi(i) N
hate/hatred/dislike/antipathy; odium, unpopularity; boredom/impatience
formerly; once, once upon a time; in the future
oliva, olivae F
olive; olive tree
olor, oloris M
swan; constellation Cygnus
Olympus, Olympi M
Olympus; Mt Olympus in Greece; the gods; heaven
oporteo, oportere, oportui, oportuitus
require, order
orbis, orbis M
circle; territory/region; sphere
ordo, ordinis M
row, order/rank; succession; series; class; bank; order
origo, originis F
origin, source; birth, family; race; ancestry
orior, oriri, ortus sum
rise; arise/emerge, crop up; get up; begin; originate from
orno, ornare, ornavi, ornatus
equip; dress; decorate, honor; furnish, adorn, garnish, trim
ornus, orni F
oro, orere, -, -
ossum, ossi N
bone; kernel; heartwood; stone
nearly, almost; mostly
paeniteo, paenitere, paenitui, -
displease; regret; repent, be sorry
pagina, paginae F
page, sheet
palleo, pallere, pallui, -
be/look pale; fade; become pale at
palmes, palmitis M
young vine branch/shoot/sprig/sprout; vine, bough, branch
pampineus, pampinea, pampineum
of/covered with vine shoots/foliage/tendrils
Pan, Panos/is M
Pan; Greek god of shepherds
parco, parcere, peperci, parsus
forbear, refrain from; spare; show consideration; be economical/thrifty with
paro, parare, paravi, paratus
prepare; furnish/supply/provide; produce; obtain/get; buy; raise; put up; plan
Parthus, Parthi M
Parthian; inhabitant of Parthia
parvus, parva -um, minor -or -us, minimus -a -um
small, little, cheap; unimportant; smallest, least
here and there; everywhere
patior, pati, passus sum
suffer; allow; undergo, endure; permit
patria, patriae F
native land; home, native city; one's country
paucus, pauca -um, paucior -or -us, paucissimus -a -um
little, small in quantity/extent; few; just a few; small number of
little by little, by degrees, gradually; a small amount at a time, bit by bit
pauper, pauperis (gen.), pauperior -or -us, pauperrimus -a -um
poor/meager/unproductive; scantily endowed; cheap, of little worth; of poor man
pecus, pecoris N
cattle, herd, flock
pecus, pecudis F
sheep; animal
pello, pellere, pepuli, pulsus
beat; drive out; push; banish, strike, defeat, drive away, rout
pendeo, pendere, pependi, -
hang, hang down; depend
pendo, pendere, pependi, pensus
weigh out; pay, pay out
perdo, perdere, perdidi, perditus
ruin, destroy; lose; waste
perduco, perducere, perduxi, perductus
lead, guide; prolong; induce, conduct, bring through
pereo, perire, perivi(ii), peritus
die, pass away; be ruined, be destroyed; go to waste
perficio, perficere, perfeci, perfectus
complete, finish; execute; bring about, accomplish; do thoroughly
perfidus, perfida, perfidum
faithless, treacherous, false, deceitful
pergo, pergere, perrexi, perrectus
go on, proceed
pervenio, pervenire, perveni, perventus
come to; reach; arrive
pes, pedis M
peto, petere, petivi, petitus
attack; aim at; desire; beg, entreat, ask; reach towards, make for
philomela, philomelae F
pignus, pignoris N
pledge, hostage, mortgage; bet, stake; symbol; relict
pingo, pingere, pinxi, pictus
paint, tint, color; adorn/decorate w/colored designs; paint/draw/depict/portray
pinguis, pingue, pinguior -or -us, pinguissimus -a -um
fat; rich, fertile; thick; dull, stupid
pinifer, pinifera, piniferum
covered with/bearing/carrying/producing pine/fir trees
pinus, pini F
pine/fir tree/wood/foliage; ship/mast/oar; pinewood torch
pinus, pinus F
pine/fir tree/wood/foliage; ship/mast/oar; pinewood torch
pirus, piri F
placeo, placere, placui, placitus
please, satisfy, give pleasure to
planta, plantae F
cutting, heel, young shoot detached for propagation; seedling, young plant
plurumus, pluruma, plurumum
most, greatest number/amount; very many; most frequent; highest price/value
plus, (gen.), pluris
more; several. many
plus, pluris N
more, too much, more than enough; more than; higher price/value
pluvius, pluvia, pluvium
rainy, causing or bringing rain
poculum, poculi N
cup, bowl, drinking vessel; drink/draught; social drinking; drink
poeta, poetae M
pomum, pomi N
fruit, apple; fruit-tree
pontus, ponti M
populus, populi
people, nation, State; public/populace/multitude/crowd; a following
possessor, possessoris M
owner, occupier
posthabeo, posthabere, posthabui, posthabitus
esteem less, subordinate; postpone
postis, postis M
potus, potus M
drink/draught; something to drink; drinking
before, in front; in view of, because of
praeceps, (gen.), praecipitis
head first, headlong; steep, precipitous
praescribo, praescribere, praescripsi, praescriptus
order, direct
praesepe, praesepis N
crib; manger; stall; brothel; haunt; lodging; home turf
praetexo, praetexere, praetexui, praetextus
weave in front, fringe; cloak; pretend
pratum, prati N
meadow, meadowland; meadow grass/crop; broad expanse/field/plain
primus, -a, -um
primus, prima, primum
first, foremost/best, chief, principal; nearest/next
princeps, (gen.), principis
first, foremost, leading, chief, front; earliest, original; most necessary
prior, prior, prius
ahead, in front, leading; previous, earlier, preceding, prior; former; basic
on behalf of; before; in front/instead of; for; about; according to; as, like
procedo, procedere, processi, processus
proceed; advance; appear
procerus, procera -um, procerior -or -us, procerissimus -a -um
tall; long; high, lofty, upraised; grown/extended to great height/length
away; at distance, far off
procumbo, procumbere, procubui, procubitus
sink down, lie down, lean forward
proelium, proeli(i) N
battle/fight/bout/conflict/dispute; armed/hostile encounter; bout of strength
proficio, proficere, profeci, profectus
make, accomplish, effect
projicio, projicere, projeci, projectus
throw down, throw out; abandon; throw away
promitto, promittere, promisi, promissus
proprius, propria, proprium
own, very own; individual; special, particular, characteristic
near; on account of; by means of; because of
proximus, proxima, proximum
nearest/closest/next; most recent, immediately preceding, last; most/very like
pudor, pudoris M
decency, shame; sense of honor; modesty; bashfulness
puella, puellae F
girl, child/daughter; maiden; young woman/wife; sweetheart; slavegirl
pulcher, pulchra -um, pulchrior -or -us, pulcherrimus -a -um
pretty; beautiful; handsome; noble, illustrious
Puniceus, Punicea, Puniceum
Carthaginian, Punic
purpureus, purpurea, purpureum
purple, dark red
purus, pura -um, purior -or -us, purissimus -a -um
pure, clean, unsoiled; free from defilement/taboo/stain; blameless, innocent
wherever; in whatever part/manner, however; by whatever route/way
quaero, quaerere, quaesivi, quaesitus
search for, seek, strive for; obtain; ask, inquire, demand
qualis, qualis, quale
what kind/sort/condition; what is like; what/how excellent a...
quantus, quanta, quantum
how great; how much/many; of what size/amount/degree/number/worth/price
quasso, quassare, quassavi, quassatus
shake repeatedly; wave, flourish; batter; weaken
quercus, quercus F
oak, oak-tree; oak wood/timber/object; oak leaf garland; sea-oak
queror, queri, questus sum
complain; protest, grumble, gripe; make formal complaint in court of law
quicumque, cuiuscumque
who/whatever, no matter who/what, in any time/way, however small
indeed, certainly, even, at least; ne...quidem-- not...even
quiesco, quiescere, quievi, quietus
rest, keep quiet/calm, be at peace/rest; be inactive/neutral; permit; sleep
quisquam, cuiusquam
any, anyone anything; any man, any person
quisvis, cuiusvis
any whatever and INDEF whoever it be, whom you please; any whatever
formerly, once, at one time; some day, hereafter
because, since, seeing that
every year, yearly
ramosus, ramosa, ramosum
having many branches, branching
ramus, rami M
branch, bough
rapio, rapere, rapui, raptus
drag off; snatch; destroy; seize, carry off; pillage; hurry
rarus, rara -um, rarior -or -us, rarissimus -a -um
thin, scattered; few, infrequent; rare; in small groups; loose knit
ratis, ratis F
raft; ship, boat
redeo, redire, redivi(ii), reditus
return, go back, give back; fall back on, revert to; respond, pay back
refero, referre, rettuli, relatus
bring/carry back/again/home; move/draw/force back, withdraw; go back, return
regnum, regni N
royal power; power; control; kingdom
relinquo, relinquere, reliqui, relictus
leave behind, abandon; be left, remain; bequeath
repeto, repetere, repetivi, repetitus
return to; get back; demand back/again; repeat; recall; claim
requiesco, requiescere, requievi, requietus
quiet down; rest; end
res, rei F
thing; event/affair/business; fact; cause; property
resono, resonare, resonavi, resonatus
respicio, respicere, respexi, respectus
look back at; gaze at; consider; respect; care for, provide for
respondeo, respondere, respondi, responsus
reviso, revisere, -, -
revisit, go back and see
rex, regis M
Rhenus, Rheni M
rideo, ridere, risi, risus
laugh at, laugh; ridicule
rigidus, rigida, rigidum
stiff, hard; stern; rough
ripa, ripae F
rivus, rivi M
rogo, rogare, rogavi, rogatus
ask, ask for; invite; introduce
ros, roris M
dew; light rain; spray/splash water
roscidus, roscida, roscidum
dewy, wet w/dew; consisting of dew; wet, dripping w/moisture; resembling dew
rubeo, rubere, -, -
be red, become red
rumino, ruminare, ruminavi, ruminatus
chew over again; chew the cud
rumpo, rumpere, rupi, ruptus
break; destroy
rupes, rupis F
cliff; rock
turned back, backward; on the contrary/other hand, in return, in turn, again
ruscum, rusci N
butcher's broom
sacer, sacra, sacrum
sacred, holy, consecrated; accursed, horrible, detestable
saeps, saepis F
hedge; fence; anything planted/erected to form surrounding barrier
saetosus, saetosa, saetosum
bristly, shaggy
saevus, saeva -um, saevior -or -us, saevissimus -a -um
savage; fierce/ferocious; violent/wild/raging; cruel, harsh, severe; vehement
salio, salire, salui, saltus
leap, jump; move suddenly/spasmodically, twitch
salix, salicis F
willow-tree, willow
salvus, salva, salvum
well, unharmed, sound; alive; safe, saved
sanguineus, sanguinea, sanguineum
bloody, bloodstained; blood-red
sanguis, sanguinis M
blood; family
sanus, sana, sanum
sound; healthy; sensible; sober; sane
Sardonius, Sardonia, Sardonium
enough, adequately; sufficiently; well enough, quite; fairly, pretty
enough, adequately; sufficiently; well enough, quite; fairly, pretty
Saturnius, -a, -um
of Saturn
saturo, saturare, saturavi, saturatus
fill to repletion, sate, satisfy; drench, saturate
saxum, saxi N
scelus, sceleris N
crime; calamity; wickedness, sin, evil deed
scio, scire, scivi(ii), scitus
know, understand
seco, secare, secui, sectus
cut, sever; decide; divide in two/halve/split; slice/chop/cut up/carve; detach
but, but also; yet; however, but in fact/truth; not to mention; yes but
sedeo, sedere, sedi, sessus
sit, remain; settle; encamp
seges, segetis F
grain field; crop
semen, seminis N
senex, senis (gen.), senior -or -us, -
aged, old
sentio, sentire, sensi, sensus
perceive, feel, experience; think, realize, see, understand
sepulcrum, sepulcri N
grave, tomb
serius, seria, serium
serious, grave
sero, serere, serui, sertus
wreath; join, entwine, interweave, bind together; compose; contrive
sero, serere, sevi, satus
sow, plant; strew, scatter, spread; cultivate; beget, bring forth
serpo, serpere, serpsi, serptus
crawl; move slowly on, glide; creep on
serus, sera -um, serior -or -us, serissimus -a -um
late; too late; slow, tardy; after the expected/proper time; at a late hour
servo, servare, servavi, servatus
watch over; protect, store, keep, guard, preserve, save
or if; or
thus, so; as follows; in another way; in such a way
Sicanus, Sicani
Sican; ancient occupant of Italy
sicco, siccare, siccavi, siccatus
dry, drain; exhaust
Siculus, Sicula, Siculum
Sicilian, of/pertaining to Sicily; cruel; luxurious
sidus, sideris N
star; constellation; tempest
signum, signi N
battle standard; indication; seal; sign, proof; signal; image, statue
sileo, silere, silui, -
be silent, not to speak; be quiet; not to function
silvanus, silvani M
gods associated with forest and uncultivated land
at same time; likewise; also; simultaneously; at once
simus, sima, simum
flatnosed, snub-nosed; having flattened nose; flatten/splayed
sinister, sinistra -um, sinistrior -or -us, sinistimus -a -um
left, improper,adverse; inauspicious
sinus, sinus M
curved or bent surface; bending, curve, fold; bosom, lap; bay
sitio, sitire, sitivi, -
be thirsty
socius, socia, socium
sharing; associated; allied
sol, solis M
solacium, solaci(i) N
comfort, solace; relief in sorrow/misfortune; source of comfort/consolation
soleo, solere, solitus sum
be in the habit of; become accustomed to
sollicitus, sollicita, sollicitum
concerned, worried; upset, troubled, disturbed, anxious, apprehensive
solor, solari, solatus sum
solace, console, comfort; soothe, ease, lighten, relieve, assuage, mitigate
solstitium, solstiti(i) N
solstice; summer-time, heat of the summer-solstice
solvo, solvere, solvi, solutus
loosen, release, unbind, untie, free; open; set sail; scatter; pay off/back
somnium, somni(i) N
dream, vision; fantasy, day-dream
somnus, somni M
sono, sonare, sonavi, sonatus
make a noise/sound; speak/utter, emit sound; be spoken of; express/denote
soror, sororis F
spargo, spargere, sparsi, sparsus
scatter, strew, sprinkle; spot
speculum, speculi N
mirror, looking glass, reflector; copy, imitation
spelaeum, spelaei N
cave, den
spero, sperare, speravi, speratus
hope for; trust; look forward to; hope
spes, spei F
hope/anticipation/expectation; prospect/hope/promise
spiculum, spiculi N
sting; javelin; arrow; sharp point of a weapon
spons, spontis F
free will
stabulum, stabuli N
stall/stable/enclosure/fold; lair/den; herd; garage
sterno, sternere, stravi, stratus
spread, strew, scatter; lay out
sto, stare, steti, status
stand, stand still, stand firm; remain, rest
strepo, strepere, strepui, strepitus
make a loud noise; shout confusedly; resound
stringo, stringere, strinxi, strictus
draw tight; draw; graze; strip off
stupefacio, stupefacere, stupefeci, stupefactus
strike dumb/stun with amazement, stupefy; strike senseless
stupeo, stupere, stupui, -
be astounded
subduco, subducere, subduxi, subductus
lead up, carry off; transfer; haul
subeo, subire, subivi(ii), subitus
go/move/pass/sink/extend underneath/into; climb/come/go up, ascend; steal in on
subicio, subicere, subjeci, subjectus
throw under, place under; make subject; expose
sublego, sublegere, sublegi, sublectus
pick up from the ground, steal away
sublimis, sublime, sublimior -or -us, sublimissimus -a -um
high, lofty; eminent, exalted, elevated; raised on high; in high position
submoveo, submovere, submovi, submotus
remove; drive off, dislodge; expel; ward off; keep at a distance; bar/debar
subterlabor, subterlabi, -
glide or flow beneath, slip away
subulcus, subulci M
succingo, succingere, succinxi, succinctus
gather up with a belt or girdle; prepare for action; surround
sudo, sudare, sudavi, sudatus
sweat, perspire
sumo, sumere, sumpsi, sumptus
take up; begin; suppose, assume; select; purchase; exact; obtain
supercilium, supercili(i) N
eyebrow; frown; arrogance
supero, superare, superavi, superatus
overcome, conquer; survive; outdo; surpass, be above, have the upper hand
superus, supera -um, superior -or -us, supremus -a -um
above, high; higher, upper, of this world; greatest, last, highest
supervenio, supervenire, superveni, superventus
come up, arrive
supo, supare, supavi, supatus
throw; pour; strew, scatter
suppleo, supplere, supplevi, suppletus
surdus, surda, surdum
deaf, unresponsive to what is said; falling on deaf ears; muffled, muted
surgo, surgere, surrexi, surrectus
rise, lift; grow
Surus, Sura, Surum
Syrian, of Syria
suspicio, suspicere, suspexi, suspectus
look up to; admire
taceo, tacere, tacui, tacitus
be silent; pass over in silence; leave unmentioned, be silent about something
taeda, taedae F
pine torch
talis, talis, tale
such; so great; so excellent; of such kind
so, so much; to such an extent/degree; nevertheless, all the same
as, just as, just as if; as it were, so to speak; as much as; so as
tardus, tarda -um, tardior -or -us, tardissimus -a -um
slow, limping; deliberate; late
taurus, tauri M
taxus, taxi F
tego, tegere, texi, tectus
cover, protect; defend; hide
telum, teli N
dart, spear; weapon, javelin; bullet
tempus, temporis N
time, condition, right time; season, occasion; necessity
teneo, tenere, tenui, tentus
hold, keep; comprehend; possess; master; preserve
three times; on three occasions
teres, (gen.), teretis
smooth; tapering
ternus, terna, ternum
three each, three at a time
terra, terrae F
earth, land, ground; country, region
testis, testis
texo, texere, texui, textus
weave; plait; construct with elaborate care
thymum, thymi N
Timavus, Timavi
the Timavus river
timeo, timere, timui, -
fear, dread, be afraid
timidus, timida -um, timidior -or -us, timidissimus -a -um
timid; cowardly; fearful, apprehensive; without courage; afraid to
torqueo, torquere, torsi, tortus
turn, twist; hurl; torture; torment; bend, distort; spin, whirl; wind
torreo, torrere, torrui, tostus
parch, roast, scorch, bake, burn; dry up; begin to burn; harden by charring
torridus, torrida, torridum
parched, dried up; shriveled, desiccated
so many, such a number of; as many, so many; such a great number of
totus, tota, totum (gen -ius)
whole, all, entire, total, complete; every part; all together/at once
traduco, traducere, traduxi, traductus
bring across/over, move/transfer; convert; cause to cross/to extend across area
across, over; beyond; on the other side
tremulus, tremula, tremulum
tres, tres, tria
triplex, (gen.), triplicis
threefold, triple; three
tristis, tristis, triste
sad, sorrowful; gloomy
turgeo, turgere, tursi, -
swell out, become swollen or tumid
turpis, turpe, turpior -or -us, turpissimus -a -um
ugly; nasty; disgraceful; indecent; base, shameful, disgusting, repulsive
tus, turis N
uber, uberis N
breast/teat; udder, dugs/teats; rich soil; plenty/abundance
where, whereby
Ulixes, Ulixis M
ullus, ulla, ullum (gen -ius)
ulmus, ulmi F
elm tree
ultra, ulterius, ultimum
beyond, further; on the other side; more, more than, in addition, besides
besides, beyond; to/on the further/other side; voluntarily, unaided; wantonly
ulula, ululae F
tawny owl
ulva, ulvae F
sedge; various grass/rush-like aquatic plants
umbraculum, umbraculi N
shelter/shade; protection from sun; parasol/umbrella; shady retreat/bower/arbor
ever, at any time
unda, undae F
from where, whence, from what or which place; from which; from whom
undecim, undecimus -a -um, undeni -ae -a, undecie(n)s
11th-; 11th
unus, una, unum (gen -ius)
alone, a single/sole; some, some one; only; one set of
upilio, upilionis M
shepherd, herdsman; kind of bird
uro, urere, ussi, ustus
up to
if only, would that
utor, uti, usus sum
use, make use of, enjoy; enjoy the friendship of
uva, uvae F
uvidus, uvida, uvidum
wet, soaked, dripping; moistened with drinking
uxor, uxoris F
vacca, vaccae F
vaccinium, vaccini(i) N
blueberry, whortleberry
alas, woe, ah; oh dear; Bah!, Curses!
valeo, valere, valui, valitus
be strong/powerful/influential/healthy; prevail
vallis, vallis F
valley, vale, hollow
varius, varia, varium
different; various, diverse; changing; colored; party colored, variegated
varus, vara, varum
bent-outwards; bandy; bow-legged; contrasting
vates, vatis M
prophet/seer, mouthpiece of deity; oracle, soothsayer; poet
even, actually; or even, in deed; or
vello, vellere, vulsi, vulsus
pluck/pull/tear out; extract; pull hair/plants; uproot; depilate; demolish
vena, venae F
blood-vessel, vein; artery; pulse; fissure, pore, cavity; vein of ore/talent
venenum, veneni N
poison; drug
venor, venari, venatus sum
ventosus, ventosa, ventosum
windy; swift; fickle, changeable; vain, puffed up
Venus, Veneris F
Venus, Roman goddess of sexual love and generation; planet Venus; charm/grace
ver, veris N
spring; spring-time of life, youth
verbena, verbenae F
leafy branch/twig from aromatic trees/shrubs
verbum, verbi N
word; proverb
vereor, vereri, veritus sum
revere, respect; fear; dread
yes; in truth; certainly; truly, to be sure; however
verso, versare, versavi, versatus
keep turning/going round, spin, whirl; turn over and over; stir; maneuver
versus, versus M
line, verse; furrow, ground traversed before turn; row/string, bench
verus, vera -um, verior -or -us, verissimus -a -um
true, real, genuine, actual; properly named; well founded; right, fair, proper
vesper, vesperis M
evening; evening star; west
vestigium, vestigi(i) N
step, track; trace; footstep
veto, vetare, vetui, vetitus
forbid, prohibit; reject, veto; be an obstacle to; prevent
vetus, veteris (gen.), veterior -or -us, veterrimus -a -um
old, aged, ancient; former; veteran, experienced; long standing, chronic
vexo, vexare, vexavi, vexatus
shake, jolt, toss violently; annoy, trouble, harass, plague, disturb, vex
via, viae F
way, road, street; journey
vicinus, vicina, vicinum
nearby, neighboring
victrix, (gen.), victricis
vilis, vilis, vile
cheap, common, mean, worthless
vinco, vincere, vici, victus
conquer, defeat, excel; outlast; succeed
vinculum, vinculi N
chain, bond, fetter; imprisonment
vinitor, vinitoris M
vineyard worker
viola, violae F
violet; several spring flowers, pansy; violet color
vir, viri M
man; husband; hero; person of courage, honor, and nobility
vireo, virere, virui, -
be green or verdant; be lively or vigorous; be full of youthful vigor
virgo, virginis F
maiden, young woman, girl of marriageable age; virgin, woman sexually intact
virgultum, virgulti N
vita, vitae F
life, career, livelihood; mode of life
vitis, vitis F
vine; grape vine
vitium, viti(i) N
fault, vice, crime, sin; defect
vito, vitare, vitavi, vitatus
avoid, shun; evade
vitta, vittae F
band, ribbon; fillet
vivax, vivacis (gen.), vivacior -or -us, vivacissimus -a -um
long-lived, tenacious of life; lively, vigorous, energetic; high-spirited
vivo, vivere, vixi, victus
be alive, live; survive; reside
hardly, scarcely, barely, only just; with difficulty, not easily; reluctantly
volito, volitare, volitavi, volitatus
fly about, hover over
volo, velle, volui, -
wish, want, prefer; be willing, will
volucer, volucris, volucre
winged; able to fly; flying; in rapid motion, fleet/swift; transient, fleeting
volvo, volvere, volvi, volutus
roll, cause to roll; travel in circle/circuit; bring around/about; revolve
vox, vocis F
voice, tone, expression
be willing; wish