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55 Cards in this Set

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What does the term Chemical Warfare mean?
The intentional use of lethal or non-lethal chemical agents to produce casualties.
How is Chemical Warfare effective?
It can harass or temporarily incapacitate and demoralize personnel. It also can contaminate or destroy areas, equipent and supplies.
What does the term Biological Warfare mean?
The intentional use of living organisms to disable or destroy people or their domestic animals, to damage their crops and /or to deteriorate their crops.
What are 2 main problems with Biological Warfare?
They are difficult to detect and are slow to identify.
What does the term Radiological Warfare mean?
The deliberate use of radiological weapons to produce injury and death in humans.
What are 3 examples of Biological Warfare?
Anthrax, Eboli and smallpox.
What is the purpose of the MCU-2/P Protective Mask?
It protects your face, eyes, nose, throat and lungs from inhaling CBR agents.
How does the MCU-2/P work?
It filters out particles from the air but doesn't provide oxygen.
What is the Chemical Protective Overgarmet?
Suit that consists of trousers, hip-length jumper with hood and associated gloves and foot coverings.
What is the purpose of the Chemical Protective Overgarmet?
It is treated with chemical that neutralize blister agent vapors and sprays but will not stop liquid agent penetration.
What does the term Chemical Warfare mean?
The intentional use of lethal or non-lethal chemical agents to produce casualties.
How is Chemical Warfare effective?
It can harass or temporarily incapacitate and demoralize personnel. It also can contaminate or destroy areas, equipent and supplies.
What does the term Biological Warfare mean?
The intentional use of living organisms to disable or destroy people or their domestic animals, to damage their crops and /or to deteriorate their crops.
What are 2 main problems with Biological Warfare?
They are difficult to detect and are slow to identify.
What does the term Radiological Warfare mean?
The deliberate use of radiological weapons to produce injury and death in humans.
What are 3 examples of Biological Warfare?
Anthrax, Eboli and smallpox.
What is the purpose of the MCU-2/P Protective Mask?
It protects your face, eyes, nose, throat and lungs from inhaling CBR agents.
How does the MCU-2/P work?
It filters out particles from the air but doesn't provide oxygen.
What is the Chemical Protective Overgarmet?
Suit that consists of trousers, hip-length jumper with hood and associated gloves and foot coverings.
What is the purpose of the Chemical Protective Overgarmet?
It is treated with chemical that neutralize blister agent vapors and sprays but will not stop liquid agent penetration.
How long can you wear the Chemical Protective Overgarment in engineering spaces?
1 hour.
What is the purpose of the Wet-Weather Clothing?
Worn over other clothing it prevents skin penetration from liquid agents and radioactive particles.
Beside direct penetration throught the skin what other method does the Wet Weather Clothing cut down on?
Vapor Penetration.
What is the Atropine/2 Pan Chloride (Oxime)Autoinjector designed for?
Used for specific therapy for nerve agent casualities. Issued in autoatic injectors for intramuscular injection self aid or first aid.
What is the IM-143 Pocket Dosimeter used for?
It measures exposure to radiation over a period of time, not individual dose rates.
What are the ranges that the IM-143 come in?
0-200 milliroentgens.
0-50 roentgens.
0-200 roentgens.
0-600 roentgens.
What is the DT-60 Personal Dosimeter used for?
A high-range
What are 4 types of chemical casualty agents?
Choking
Nerve
Blood
Blister
What are some symptoms of a choking agent?
Immediate dryness of the throat, headache, nausea and watering of the eyes.
How do choking agents work?
They cause the accumulation of water in the lungs.
What are some symptoms of nerve agents?
Pupil contraction, tightness of the chest, deeper breathing.
How do nerve agents work?
Liquid concentrations are the major danger upon skin penetration.
What are some symptoms of blood agents?
Violent contractions, heart stoppage, deeper breathing.
How do blood agents work?
They attack the distribution of oxygen by the blood.
What are some symptoms of blister agents?
No symptoms after intial contact. After 1/2 hour eyes egin to feel gritty, then sore, then obtain a bloodshot appearance.
Intense itching and blisters.
Pneumonia/nausea/vomiting.
Describe a high altitude air burst nuclear explosion.
Altitude of 100,000 feet or higher.Detonation causes disruption of radio waves and creates EMP.
Describe an airburst.
It is when the fireball of the explosion of a nuclear explosion does not touch the earth's surface.
Describe a surface burst.
The fireball reaches the earth's surface. Produces the worst fallout.
Describe a shallow underwater burst.
A fireball is formed but is smaller than an airburst and normally is not visible.
Describe a deep underwater burst.
Same as a shallowunderwater burst but the oceans currents absorb radiation.
What are the effects of a nuclear blast?
Primary injuries are caused by blast wave.
Secondary injuries caused by debris thrown by blast.
What are flash burns/blindness?
Burns caused by nuclear explosion.
What is radiation?
Literally....alpha/beta/gamma and neutron poisioning.
What is EMP?
Caused by high altitude, air and surface bursts. It is the initial nuclear radiation inozing the atmosphere which creates a temporary magnetic/electric field that damages/destroys electronics/cables & long lead wires..
What is a blackout?
Loss of lights/electricity after a nuclear attack.
What does MOPP stand for?
Mission
Oriented
Protective
Posture
What is the purpose of the different MOPP levels?
Defines the amount of protective CBR gear to wear or to have readily available.
How many different levels of MOPP are there?
4
What are the conditions of MOPP 1?
1) Gas masks are issued.
2) Masks are fitted for immediate use.
3) Inventory of CBR equipment is conducted.
What are the conditions of MOPP 2?
1) Masks are carried by all hands.
2) Decontamination supplies are positioned at decom stations.
3) Set condition ZEBRA.(modified)
What are the conditions of MOPP 3?
1) New filters are installed.
2) Don Overgarment.
3) Stow decom kits in mask carrier.
4) Stow gloves/medical supplies in jumper cargo pocket.
5) Go to General Quarters.
6) Fill canteens with potable water.
7) Activate decom stations.
8) Post detection/monitoring teams.
9) Activate CMWD intermittently.
What does CMWD stand for?
Counter
Measure
Washdown
System
What are the conditions of MOPP 4?
1) Don masks.
2) Secure hood over head/mask.
3) Don gloves.
4) Initiate continuous monitoring of detection equipment.
5) Set Circle William.
6) Activate CMWD system continuously.
What is Circle William set for?
To secure the air vents.
What is the reasons for the different levels of MOPP?
To protect against overheating from wearing protective gear for long periods of time.