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5 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Anorexia Nervosa
o Refusal to maintain body weight above a minimally normal weight for age and height

o Intense fear of gaining weight, even though underweight

o Disturbed body perception undue influence of weight or shape on self-ecaluation, or denial of the seriousness of the current low weight

o In postmenarcheal females, amenorrhea.
Bulimia Nervosa
o Recurrent episodes of binge eating

o Recurrent inappropriate compensatory behavior in order to prevent weight gain

o Symptoms continuing, on average, at least twice a week for three months

o Undue influence of weight or shape on self-evaluation
Medical Complications of Anorexia
o Amenorrhea (the absence of menstrual cycles)

o Lowered body temperature

o Low blood pressure

o Body swelling

o Reduced bone mineral density

o Slow heart rate

o Metabolic and electrolyte imbalances can lead to death by heart failure or circulatory collapse

o Skin may become rough, dry and cracked; nails will become brittle; hands and feet become cold and blue; some lose hair from scalp; some grow lanugo (the fine, silky hair that covers some newborns) on their trunk, extremities and face
Medical Complications of bulimia
o Serious dental problems (breakdown of enamel and loss of teeth)

o Potassium deficiencies which may lead to weakness, intestinal disorders, kidney disease, or heart damage

o Mood swings

o Some display a personality disorder
Diff. between Binging and Purging
o Occurs over a limited period of time (usually an hour)

o The person eats much more food than most people would eat during a similar time span

o Minimal chewing

o Usually sweet, high-calorie foods with a soft texture

o Preceded by feelings of great tension

o Person feels irritable and powerless to control and overwhelming need to eat “forbidden” foods

o Followed by feelings of extreme self-blame, shame, guilt, and depression.

o Compensating methods:

§ Vomiting

§ Misusing laxatives, diuretics, or enemas

§ Fasting

§ Exercising excessively