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16 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is a mineral?
A natural, inorganic, crystalline solid that make up the basic materials of the earth's crust.
What are the seven characteristics of minerals?
1. Color
2. Luster
3. Streak
4. Cleavage and Fracture
5. Hardness
6. Shape
7. Density
What are the non-silicates of minerals?
1. Carbonates
2. Halides
3. Native elements
4. Oxides
5. Sulfates
6. Sulfides
What are the three major types of rocks?
1. Igneous
2. Sedimentary
3. Metamorphic
How does an igneous rock form?
It forms when magma cools and hardens.
What is a sedimentary rock?
A rock that is made from sediments, or broken particles of other rocks, minerals, and organic matter.
What is a metamorphic rock?
a rock that has been changed under pressure, force, or processes.
What two kinds of structure can metamorphic rock have?
1. Foliated
2. Unfoliated
What are foliated rocks?
Foliated rocks are rocks with visible parallel bands that form through pressure and when minerals of different densities separate into bands
What are unfoliated rocks?
Unfoliated rocks are rocks that do not have visible bands or crystals.
Mechanical weathering
The process of breaking down rock into smaller pieces using pure physical actions
Chemical weathering
The decomposition of rocks using chemical reactions between the minerals in the rock and water, acids, etc.
Soil Profile
1. A Horizon (topsoil)
2. B Horizon (subsoil)
3. C Horizon (bedrock
Fossil Fuels
Non renewable resources:
1. coal
2. Petroleum
3. Natural gas
Nuclear Energy
1. Nuclear fission
2. Nuclear fusion
Alternative sources
1. solar energy
2. geothermal energy
3. hydroelectric energy
4. wind energy