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50 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
The feathers on top of a bird's head are called?
crown
The feathers on the back of a bird's neck are called?
nape
The feathers on the front of a bird's neck are called?
throat
The feathers that cover a bird's chest are called?
breast
The feathers of a bird's lower back, just above the tail feathers are called?
rump
The force that drives a bird forward through the air
thrust
The force exerted by air that tends to slow the movement of a bird or plane
drag
An upward force produced by the wings of a bird that allow it to stay in the air
lift
A force due to the pull of gravity upon a bird
weight
Vision in which each eye sees a different portion of the surroundings
monocular vision
Vision in which the fields of view of both eyes overlap
binocular vision
The false belief that everything is material and that nothing is spiritual
materialism
The false belief that god is a part of nature and that nature is God
pantheism
What type of bill does a cardinal have?
seed cracking
What is a process by which a bird cleans and grooms itself to keep its feathers in good condition for flight?
preening
What type of bill does an osprey have?
meat tearing
What are the feathers of a bird's wings and body that provide it's streamlined shape?
contour
What is the sack in a bird's esophagus that stores and moistens food?
gizzard
What kind of feet do flamingos have that enable them to stand in the water without getting their bodies wet?
wading
What kind of feet do woodpeckers have that enable them to perch on a vertical tree trunk?
climbing
What kind of feet do ducks have that enable them to propel themselves through the water?
swimming
What kind of feet do hawks have that enable them to seize their prey?
grasping
What kind of feet do songbirds have that enable them to stand securely on swaying tree branches, even when asleep?
perching
What is the imaginary arrangement of rock layers that attempts to show an evolutionary progression in the rocks?
geologic column
What is a small bird, known for its ability to hover?
hummingbird
What is a large flightless bird that is the fastest running bird?
ostrich
A typical one of these birds is approximately 18 inches long?
crow
An extinct land creature mentioned in the Bible that was probably a dinosaur was a ___
behemoth
Traces of plants or animals found in rock are___
fossils
A Greek philosopher to whom many people in the Middle Ages looked for their ideas about science was___
Aristotle
A British naturalist who wrote Origin of Species
Darwin
These people believe nature is God
Pantheists
A false belief based on fear and ignorance
superstition
Animals that eat primarily plants are called___
herbivores
Gliding within a rising air mass so that a bird gains altitude without flapping is referred as___
soaring
Survival of the fittest in nature is called___
natural selection
The false belief that living things can arise from non-living things
spontaneous generation
A bird that alternately flaps and rests or flaps and glides is an example of ______ flight.
intermittent
A bird flapping rapidly in order to remain in the same place in the air, without moving forward or backward, demonstrates ___ flight.
hovering
The study of similarities and differences in the body structure of organisms
Comparative Anatomy
Built in knowledge that an animal possesses at birth is___
instinct
When a bird coasts "downhill" through the air without flapping, the bird is said to be___.
gliding
The organ of a bird that allows it to call and sing
syrinx
The powerful breast muscles of a bird that function as the major flight muscles are the___.
pectorals
The internal organ of a bird that allows it to grind its food to make it more easily digested is the___.
gizzard
A retractable group of feathers called a(n)___ on each wing provide extra lift for birds flying at slow speeds.
alula
A migration route that birds follow year after year is a(n)___.
flyway
Various patters and markings that help to identify a particular species of bird
field marks
Occurs when a group of birds "gang up" on a predator to protect themselves or their young
mobbing
The amount of disorder in a system is called___.
entropy