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25 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What age range of children can be assessed using TPBA?
Children functioning between 6 months & 6 years of age.
What are the advantages of TPBA in comparison to traditional assessment?
Natural environment, rapport with examiner, flexibility in testing (adapts to the child), holistic assessment (work as a team), involvement of the parents (observe & participate), every child is testable, helpful to plan intervention, professionals from different areas support each other.
What are some of the limitations of using TPBA to assess children's abilitities?
-Even if the TPBA becomes the primary means of assessment, additional testing may be needed to obtain information not derived from the play session.
-Difficult to assess sensory integration, receptive language.
-Lack of reliability & validity of data.
Who are the minimum professionals who should compose a TPBA team?
3 professionals --speech language pathologist, occupational or physical therapist, & a teacher or psychologist.
What is the role of the parent in the TPBA?
Both information providers & participants.
What are the 6 phases of the TPBA?
-Phase I: Unstructured facilitation - Child leads & facilitator follows.
Phase II: Structured facilitation - Child engages inactivities not obseerved in the previous stage (more structured)
Phases III: Child-Child Interaction - slightly older, non-disabled peer(unstructured)
Phase IV: Parent-Child Interaction - Encouraged to do activities the child does at home.
Phase V: Motor play - Begins unstructured, then becomes more initiated.
Phase VI: Snack - Observe additional social interactions, self-help, adapative behavior, and oral motor difficulties.
What are the categories of play?
Exploratory (Sensorimotor), Relational, Constructive, Dramatic, Rough-and-tumble, and games-with-rules.
What are the age ranges for each category of play?
Exploratory (0-24mths), Relational (9-24 mths), Constructive (24 mths +), Dramatic (21-72 mths), rough-and-tumble (36 mths +), Games-with-rules (60 mths +)
What occurs during each category of play?
Exploratory (An activity which is done simply for the enjoyment of the physical sensations it creates), Relational play (The child's ability to use objects in play for the purposes for which they were intended), Constructive play (Manipulation of objects for the purpose of constructing or creating something), Dramatic play (Chidl is pretending to do something or be someone), Games-with-rules play (Child is in an activity with accepted rules or limits), and Rough-and-tumble play (Action patters that are performed at a high pitch of activity by a group of 2 or more).
What is mastery motivation?
The child's drive to master or understand his or her environment--appears to be a critical factor in developmental growth.
-this desire can lead to the child to problem-solve, & ultimately to integrate new knowledge into his/her existing knowledge base.
What are the pragmatic FUNCTIONS of children's language?
-Instrumental: to satisfy the child's needs or desires ("I want a cookie")
-Regulatory: to control the behaviors of others("No, no")
-Interactional: to define or participate in social interaction ("Mommy & Alex go")
-Personal: to express personal opinions or feelings ("Me mad")
-Imaginative: to engage in fantasy ("pretend I'm the Mommy")
-Heuristic: to seek information ("What's that")
-Informative: to provide information ("See my red shirt")
What is motor planning?
The ability to plan and carry out purposeful, coordinated movements (bridge between the intellect & muscles)
What are the definitions of the scoring criteria for TPBA & how to score summary sheets?
+ Child Demonstrates:
1. skill within an appropriate range of development, or other references; and
2. typical behavior patterns, based on professional judgement & expertise; and
3. good quality of performace, based on professional judgement & expertise.
- Child Demonstrates:
1. delay in development based on age charts or other references; or
2. deviation from normal behavior patters; or
3. poor quality of performance.
What is functional outcome?
If it is immediately useful and 1) results in increased dependence for the child 2) allows the child to learn other more complex skills 3) allows the child to be placed in a less restrictive environment 4)allows the child to be more easily assisted or encouraged by the family & others.
What is a socially valid outcome?
Those that are relevant to the child and the family.
What is a realistic & acheivable outcome?
More likely to be developed if the assessment activities take place in natural situations, occur over time, involve familiar testing, and when assessment results are validated.
What are the 6 guiding principles teachers should follow to help develop interventions?
1. Plan interventions for implementation in naturally occuring settings.
2. Plan intervention for implementation during naturally occuring activities and routines.
3. Plan interventions that can be easily implemented by the classroom teacher and parents.
4. Obtain info about child's environment.
5. Obtain info about child's interactions with the environment.
6. Obtain info about the families concerns and priorities for the child.
What are the 4 functions of assessment?
1. Identification for referral (screening)
2. Diagnosis/Determination of eligibility
3. Program planning
4. Program monitoring
5. Program accountability
What are some of the challenges associated with assessing young children with disabilities?
The small number of appropriate instruments, alternative methods of communication (hearing impaired), and gaps in child's information.
What is assessment?
A generic term that refers to the process of gathering info for the purposes of making decisions.
What is an informal assessment?
-curriculum-based assessment, teacher-made tests, non-standardized, uses indirect and direct measures, and emphasizes instructional planning.
What is formal assessment?
-standardized tests (intelligence tests, acheivement tests), uses direct measurement on pre-determined test items, emphasizes eligibility and diagnostics and instructional planning.
What is an interdisciplinary Team?
Team members...
-share assessment info and expertise with each other
-create separate assessment and intervention plans but share info with each other
-preform separate assessments but they may use a common assessment tool. & The family meets with the team.
What is a Transdisciplinary Team?
Team members...-are committed to work together
-plan & conduct assessment together
-each have a specific role in the assessment process
-and family develop intervention together after the assessment.
*Primary service provider implements intervention with team consultation.
*Family is an active member of the team
What is the ecological approach?
An approach to assessment that focuses on the student's interaction with the environ-ment rather than on the deficits of the student.